The head of government of the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson presented a plan for a phased withdrawal from the regime of restrictive measures imposed because of the epidemic of the coronavirus. Already from Wednesday, may 13, some Brits will be allowed to spend more time outdoors, and by early June we can go about returning the students to school. The plan of Mr. Johnson has been criticized by political opponents, doctors and teachers. “B” watched as the British cross swords around the virus.”Our fight against the virus has created in our country, the difficulties that we will remember for generations. We own eyes see the indomitable spirit of Britain,” said Boris Johnson, speaking Monday in the House of Commons. He said that before the government is to achieve “extremely difficult balance” between controlling the spread of the virus and the gradual recovery of the economy. The slogan of the new phase of British life will be the phrase “be watchful”. And instead of calling “Stay home” British Prime Minister proposed to use the phrase “Stay home if you can.” Detailed recommendations are contained in a 50-page plan, which describes the current situation with the virus and outlined further steps to exit restrictions.In accordance with the document in Britain introduced the five-step system “level COVID-threats”, where the first level would mean the complete absence of the virus SARS CoV-2 in the country and fifth in the rapid spread of infection that can overtax the health care system. “During restrictive measures, we were on the fourth level, and now thanks to your sacrifice, we can begin to move to the third level,” enthusiastically declared mister Johnson the day before. Then he said that the government continues to set myself five goals, stated in April: to protect the health care system; to achieve a permanent reduction in the number of deaths; to achieve a permanent reduction in the number of cases; to solve the problem of availability of personal protective equipment; to keep basic reproduction rate — R0 (the number of people infected by one infected) below one.These five tasks — in the document they referred to as the “five tests” — allow the government to understand when to move to the next stage of the withdrawal restrictions. The withdrawal also as planned by the authorities will be divided into three stages.According to him, the country now R0 is at a level of from 0.5 to 0.9, and therefore it is possible to begin the first phase of the lifting of restrictions. So from Wednesday, may 13, residents of England would be allowed to drive in England (but not to travel to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, where the innovations have not yet been adopted), sunbathe in the parks and play sports with people living in the same house or apartmentd, or with one stranger at a distance of two meters.If R0 will not increase, and residents will comply with security measures from June 1 or later will begin the second phase: gradual opening of shops and schools. Finally, the third stage (according to Boris Johnson, “the earliest in July, if all conditions are fulfilled and if the figures will speak in favor of this decision”) is the opening of the enterprises of restaurant and hotel business, beauty salons, churches and theaters. Their employees and visitors will be obliged to comply with social distancing and all precautions. At the same time residents are encouraged to cover their faces with masks in those circumstances where compliance with social distancing is impossible.”I stress again that it’s all relative and depends on several big “if”. It all depends on us — from the whole country — we have to follow the recommendations to comply with social distancing and to keep the index (R0.— “B”) low,” said Boris Johnson, stating also that, to prevent the importation of infection from abroad of all arriving air passengers will be obliged to comply with a two-week quarantine. This restriction would not apply to those who arrive from France.While the plan contains a recommendation to anyone who may work from home, remote work continue in the foreseeable future. “But we must stress that for those who from home can not work— for example, workers in the construction and manufacturing sectors — need to actively encourage to go to work. We want your trip to work was safe, and because you should avoid public transportation because we will provide a social distancing, and because the volume of (air people.— “B”) will be limited,” said Mr Johnson. The plan explained that we are talking about the employees of the spheres of food industry, distribution, logistics, construction and research. While businesses in these sectors to implement special considerations for security compliance, which will be published during the week. For monitoring their compliance with Boris Johnson promised unannounced inspections. “Be careful, control the virus, save lives”, he concluded.Among other things, the plan includes measures to support business, increase testing capabilities for COVID-19, protection of the most vulnerable groups of the population and the international coordination of the fight against coronavirus infection. Separately says that by weakening the control the government is counting on the consciousness of citizens and seeks by all means to reduce the losses that would entail the enforcement of regulations.The intention of the Prime Minister and the government criticized. In particular, the head of the labour party Cyrus Starmer said the Prime Minister’s speech “raised as many questions as answers” and the statement lacked clarity. In conversation with BBC News, he expressed surprise that the millions of people who can’t work from home, was ordered almost immediately to go to work and not using public transport. “We have no clear indications, and it is unclear how will the public transport system, so a lot of questions”,— he said.In addition, although, according to Mr. Johnson, he consulted with “political forces of the entire spectrum of all four Nations of the United Kingdom”, the regional head of the Scottish government Nicola Sturgeon stressed that most of the announced measures do not apply to Scotland.She noted that the rejection of the recommendation to sit at home can have disastrous consequences, and urged Scots to play sports on the street, but not to sunbathe and not to arrange picnics and barbecue parties. “At this stage I’m not asking anyone who does not work to get back to work. But, as I said, we see with special attention for the construction and manufacturing sector and retail,” she said. The leadership of Northern Ireland also said it will develop a plan of exit restrictions. In Wales confirmed that they do not change advice to residents not to leave homes, but will often play sports on the street.The portion of criticism, the Prime Minister deserve from physicians. The Chairman of the governing Council of the British medical Association Chaand Nagpaul said: “it is Not explained how to be protected from infection by those who are asked to return to work. In addition, there have been conflicting reports (from the Prime Minister.— “B”) about the use of public transport, because many do not have cars. This creates serious risks of further spread of the disease. In addition, there is no understanding how it will be monitored and observed social distancing during the opening of the parks and public places, as well as the lifting of the ban on travel to anywhere in the country. And despite the fact that the level of testing required for tracking the spread of the disease, remains below necessary.”The national Union of education — the largest trade Union of industry workers — considered plans for the opening of schools in June “absolutely reckless”. Several hundred thousand people have already signed the petition immediately created, offering parents decide to send their children to the open school or leave them at home. A petition on the website Change.org nevertheless, you can follow everyone and not just British parents.Alexey Naumov
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