– As an amazing gift to all the members of the expedition, in one of the last days met the extraordinary beauty of the Dolphin – Afalina white. For more than seven years so the rare individual has not met the people, – is told in the message.
the Animal was spotted in the area of Cape Tarkhankut. A Dolphin swam in a pair of the larger bottlenose Dolphin, presumably, his mother.
Despite her young age, bottlenose dolphins already have damage: deep scars on the caudal peduncle, which appeared from contact screw, – quotes the press-service of the employee of Karadag scientific station. T. I. Vyazemsky Natalia Makeeva, who also took part in the expedition. But, fortunately, as “Snow white” is satisfactory, concerned about a possible migratory paths of her family from tarkhankutskii reserve in the areas of fishing craft, carrying lethal risks to marine life.
the Expedition took place onboard research vessel “Professor vodyanitskii”. As noted in Inbum ran for the first time in thirty years the experts have conducted a full accounting of the populations of cetaceans in the Azov sea and the Black sea.
the Monitoring was conducted from the deck of the ship the whole day. Natalia Makeeva conducted visual observations of marine mammals, recorded met individuals identified them on the photo, in addition, continuously recorded acoustic activity of cetaceans in the Black sea using a hydrophone.
researchers came to the conclusion that of the three cetacean species that inhabit the Black sea, off the coast of Crimea are the most common of belobotsky. Fixed stable state of the population of belobochka in some protected areas, for example, in the area Opuscula reserve. Experts attribute this to the ban on fishing: the reserves are not reduced forage base mammals and are generally not disturbed biodiversity.
At the same time, the researchers found only two of a large community of bottlenose dolphins numbering approximately 20 individuals.
These data confirm long-term observations specialists Karadag biological station (branch Inbum RAS): the black sea bottlenose dolphins have become rare in the Russian market, – noted in the Institute. Ones, with the coastal lifestyle, where it is especially strongly expressed anthropogenic pressure in the form of uncontrolled industrial fishing, pollution of the coastline of the sea of sewage and industrial waters, as well as irresponsible tourism. All this highly complicates the task of preserving the populations of endangered species on the verge of extinction.
Scientists also noted that the dolphins are increasingly killed by human hands: fall under the propellers, entangled in fishing nets, as well as get infectious diseases due to pollution; there Wznenie sea.