This school year became a test of strength for students, and for teachers and for parents. But high school graduates were still not in a very bad situation. Just sort of a win – win, because they have a lot of time on intensive training, – says Roman Doschinsky. Network boils with a different kind of “exam Express”, intensives, assets and other things. All the teaching community suddenly rushed to help Russian graduates: create life hacking, blogging, relieve video tutorials.
But, however, we strongly recommend that children often turn to trusted sources of information. This is an updated (note!) the website of the Federal Institute of pedagogical measurements (FIPI). It has “Open Bank jobs exam”. The graduate can choose any block of tasks and solve. The system will automatically process and display the result: how many correct answers. Do not forget that all jobs are real versions of the exam are formed from this Bank!
Important: the exam on the Russian language this year compared to last has not changed. In the first part of the exam tasks № 2, № 5, № 8 – № 12 were the most difficult for graduates of 2019. The percentage of execution was not as high as we would like. Hence, there is reason to work on these jobs better.
In assignment No. 2 you need to find the missing word. Example:
“We see objects because they reflect light and this reflected light passing through the pupil and the lens falls on the retina; the light absorbed by the object, the eyes naturally can not see: soot, for example, absorbs almost all radiation and it seems to us black, and snow <…>, uniformly reflects almost all the light falling on it and therefore looks white.”
it would Seem, what here can be difficult, because the context tells us the word on the blank. This is true. But to a hassle-free solve assignment No. 2, graduate must repeat the digits in the prepositions level unions, the level of particles, the level of pronouns, of the group of pronominal adverbs (therefore, so, there, there, here, then…), groups of introductory constructions (firstly, secondly; thus, so; in addition…).
Memory, memory and memory again! The graduate will have to memorize a lot of information. Some categories of pronouns – nine pieces. Not to mention the prepositions, conjunctions and particles.
by the Way, in the example of specifying a hint in the instructions on the introductory word. The answer may be the word “opposite” or “contrary”. An example taken from the popular resource “will SOLVE the exam.”
exercise No. 5 – lexical. We have in Russian language is a mysterious phenomenon – paronyms! Kind, and synonyms, and homonyms at the same time. To put on, clothe, democratic, democratic, etc. Very similar words, but with a slight difference in the prefix or suffix. And so, there is a difference in meaning and in use.
What you need to do to graduate? Carefully work out those paronyms, are available on the FIPI website in the form of a Glossary. Keep in mind that the questions of exam are not used all the paronyms of the Russian language, but only those that are in the wordlist. The conclusion is clear! You can practice this: take any assignment No. 5 offhand, there are always five sentences, and each has a capitalized word, try to each such selected word paronym. Recheck to make easier – to refer to the Glossary FIPI.
exercise No. 8 objectively difficult content. Plus – the answer should be written in the form of a table: to set the correspondence between the grammatical errors and the sentences in which they are admitted. Here comprehensively verified by the possession of most of the syntactic norms of modern Russian literary language. Almost the entire course of 8-9 classes. But the reward for the correct answer is high – as many as five points. More of this “rich” tasks in the first part of the exam on the Russian language there!
How to prepare? Draw yourself in the form of a memo table: type syntax error, sample error, the sample with the corrected error. And in a way – train.
Job No. 9 – No. 12 – all about spelling. Each need to perform as many as 15 words with one or other of orthograms. Answers can be from two to four.
In the exercise No. 9 it is important not to confuse the roots with the alternations with homonymous roots. For example, “freeze” is a word, where is the root with alternating. But the word “reconcile” you can check accented. The same thing: to burn – to grieve, to make stylistic, etc. Remember, are not verifiable and the verification words, such pairs of words as a patriot – dad, lilac – Lily, discussion – debate, etc.
job No. 10 is necessary to distinguish the meaning of such pairs of words as immutable (undeniable) – inapplicable (unsuitable), to dwell (to reside somewhere) – to arrive (to come), bring (to life) – to shut (door) etc.
Job No. 11 – there is a difficulty primarily with the verbal suffixes. For example, to play, to fold, to overcome, to outshine, to renew, to get stuck.
Job No. 12 (on the spelling of verb endings and suffixes of participles) – requires special training. There are many exceptions to the rules: acceptable, immutable and inalienable; movable; Musashi, tormented; preziosi. I advise you to memorize the sacrament storing the suffix-I from the infinitive: