The Federal registration service was offered from June 1 to launch in three regions pilot project for land and property on a single platform — from 2021, the experiment will begin to expand and by 2026 will cover all regions. Expected results — improving the management of land and property and increase tax revenues. With the successful launch effect can be wider: new registry can help start stalled land reform. However, as acknowledged in the examination, a month before the start of the experiment, its financing has not yet been agreed.Since June 1, in the Irkutsk region, the Krasnodar and Perm edges can begin the experiment for the unified accounting of land and real estate — a draft government decree about it was developed by Rosreestr. The authors propose to create a state information system “Single information resource about land and property” — now the data on them are contained in nine Federal informsystems, including the Ministry of agriculture of the Russian register, Federal property management Agency, etc., and regional systems of ensuring town-planning activity. Data inconsistency leads to a low utilization efficiency of land and property, state officials in the explanatory Memorandum.The building at the hope that a single account will save spending budget to support the work of disparate systems and increase income from property taxes and fees due to the involvement of unused objects. The digitalization of accounting and is intended to simplify the provision of business services relating to land and property. Experiment in three regions to test approaches and technologies and will run until the end of 2020 — then responsible for Minsitry and Rosreestr will report to the government.As told “Kommersant” in the Russian state register, the choice of pilot regions was taken into account the quality of their informsystem and industry specific. “In the Krasnodar region developed agriculture, in Irkutsk oblast, the forest industry and Perm region — industrial region with universal in the industry model”,— explained in service. In 2021, the experiment will be expanded, and the creation of a unified system in all regions should be completed before the end of 2025. At this time, will be established an interdepartmental working group with participation of officials not below the level of Deputy heads of departments: the Ministry of economy, Ministry of construction, Ministry of environment, Ministry of agriculture, Ministry of culture, as well as FNS, the Federal property management Agency, Rosnedra, the Federal forestry Agency and the Federal water resources Agency. However, a month before the start of the experiment not resolved the issue of funding, it is being coordinated by Mintime noted in the examination.Authorities have repeatedly recognized the inefficiency of land use and real estate — so, FNS pointed out that the information on land plots, in some cases, “substandard” (not ukaZan category of land, etc.), which makes it impossible to determine the tax base and responsible for categorizing municipalities have limited resources and staff. Service in conjunction with the Federal registration service has independently initiated a campaign specification (see “Kommersant” on July 12, 2019). Dot initiatives for the involvement of agricultural land in the turnover of offered and the Ministry of agriculture — we are talking about the seizure from the owners of unused land and the multiple increase of the land tax for violators of the rules of land use, but the idea is not supported by the government (see “Kommersant” on August 20, 2019).An integrated approach to solving the problem of inefficient use of land delineated in 2018, when the government commenced the next stage of land reform. By 2020, the government planned to improve the regulation of land relations (see “Kommersant” on 28 December 2018), but until the projects are not made public. Fails — 2012 — to run and one of the most important stages of the reform — the abolition of land categories and the transition to land zoning with permitted uses that require large-scale clarification of boundaries. Last year, the economy Ministry has estimated the cost of such work 15 billion to 2023, with part of the funds were intended for the modernization of the egrn (24 million rubles), because the system did not take into account data on natural objects. Note that a single system of registration of land and property should solve the problem — and the development of Rosreestr and Minsitry can be the basis for land reform. Translation on the side of Rosreestr in the recording of all land and property fits in the concept of the reform of control and Supervisory activities: previously, the possibility of consolidation in the Department such authority has said the former curator of the reforms, Minister of justice Konstantin Chuichenko.Diana Galieva
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