As reported in the yoke, these works are carried out on the site of the proposed road to bypass the Usolye-Siberian. Preliminary archaeological reconnaissance conducted in 2015, revealed the presence of the cultural layer.
– the Territory of Usolsk district – now an archaeological El Dorado, – says Ekaterina Lipkina, Director of the research center “Baikal region” yoke, associate Professor of historical faculty of ISU. Ancient people lived here in almost all periods of the stone age, characterized by the highest duration of the existence of human communities. That is why any discovery is an opportunity to gain additional knowledge about our predecessors who mastered and utilized the resources of these places very well.
during the excavations the archaeologists found the stone tools – scrapers used to process animal skins. Scientists can immediately distinguish them from ordinary stones on the visible characteristic machining marks. In the Paleolithic people were splitting the rocks or by impact (split) or compacting techniques (pressure).
In Usolsky district of Irkutsk region near the village of Malta 90 years ago, was opened the Park one of the most famous sites of ancient man belonging to the late Paleolithic (people have lived here for about 24 000 years ago) – dwellings, stone tools, art and burial of the Parking Malta is described in all textbooks on Russian archaeology. Here there were found some of the most famous artifacts of the stone age – a figure of the so-called Venus’tinskiy made from mammoth ivory, and mammoth bone plate, which are stored in the Hermitage.