Payments for electricity, heat and water, as expected, declined sharply at the beginning of the quarantine, however, in may, the situation began to improve, analysts estimated “SPARK-Interfax”. However, the overall performance is still far from year-ago levels, warn market participants that threatens the energy sector and cash breaks to the end of the year.Payments of consumers (legal entities and individual entrepreneurs) for utilities began to decline even before the introduction of the quarantine. In January—March, the average delay (in days) for heat and water increased by 1.2 times year-on-year, and electricity will be charged at 1.5 times, according to analytical system “SPARK-Interfax” (analysis on the basis of guaranteeing suppliers in 24 regions, enterprises of heat supply in 36 regions and water utilities in 14 regions).The most profound failure of the expected payments occurred after the introduction of restrictive measures due to the coronavirus. For example, the share of payments for heat and water supply with a delay more than 91 days was 52.4%, which is almost five times higher than in the same period last year. The share of payments with no late payments made in April to 34.4% against 45,8% a year ago. The share of payments for the electric power with a delay more than 91 days was 7.3% compared to 2.5% in April last year.In may, the situation was somewhat improved, analysts notice a “SPARK-Interfax”. The share of timely payment for water and heat rose to 47.6% versus 60.9% in may of last year, and the share of overdue payments in excess of 91 days decreased to 25.4% from 9.7% in may last year. Indicators of payments for electricity are still worse than the data for may of last year, but is already close to the level of April 2019. Thus, the proportion of timely payments was 47.6%, while the share of payments overdue more than 91 days — 2,5%.The company “T Plus” (share in the heat supply market of the Russian Federation about 8%) in April fell short of 20% of payments for heat supply. In may, the fall collection already amounted to 4.5% on heat and electricity, but in monetary terms it is over $ 1 billion worth of sales, told “Kommersant” in the company. “Recover the payments from the population for direct contracts — people mastered to online formats. But this increase is negated by poor discipline from the UK, TSZH, ZHSK, some of them are really in dire Straits, but many are now just speculating on the crisis,” — says the “T Plus”.According to the Association of guaranteeing suppliers and energy retail companies, the level of payments for electricity for all consumers in April declined by 7.5% compared to the corresponding month last year, in may and 7.2%, and in June — on 4%. However, taking into account the factor of decrease charges the depth of the fall is 9-11%, while maintaining this situation, to the end of the year cash gaps of guaranteeing suppliers will reach 500 billion rubles, according to the Association.Denis Krasnov from ACRA believes that reducing ur��of VNA the non-payment of electricity in may, due in part to the continuing fall in consumption. However, further growth of the settlements is not worth waiting, he said, pointing to the decline in June. Now most malicious defaulters is that the population, due to falling revenues, while the share of the population in payments is about 13%, budgetary organizations — about 7%, the remainder being business customers.Pauline Smertin
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