But when you consider that the number of applications for the protection of family, motherhood, fatherhood and childhood in the first half of this year compared to last year has almost doubled, it becomes clear why Tatiana Moskalkova gathered last Friday a roundtable on the rights and responsibilities of fathers.

– We take almost Turgenevskaya, – said Tatyana Moskalkova, starting a conversation. – Fathers and sons.

Recalling the President’s words that the family is the “Foundation,” and stressing that the principles of equality of rights and duties of parents towards children is enshrined in the Russian family legislation and consistent with international standards as reflected in the UN Convention on the rights of the child, Tatiana Moskalkova spoke about the problems of the “institution of fatherhood” in Russia.

Identifying and addressing these problems, she said, should be an integral part of the state family policy, require special attention after the introduction in 2020 of amendments to the Constitution.

Promotion of responsible fatherhood, the formation of a positive image of the father, the implementation of special education programs – all included in the Concept of state family policy for the period until 2025.

the incident Among the achievements is the empowerment of using “parent” (and indeed family) capital, the increase in the benefits to care for a disabled child, the establishment of Federal tax benefits on real estate for large families. And a lump-sum and monthly payments to support families with children in the period of the coronavirus epidemic.

But these achievements do not automatically eliminate long-standing problem. For example, the child support payments. 70 per cent of complaints in connection with the realization of the right to alimony payments continue to come to the Ombudsman from women. This is due to the fact that after divorce minor children often remain to live with his mother.

employees of the Federal bailiff service does not always take all possible measures for the enforcement of judgments for alimony from parents. The causes of their congestion and lack of the coercive powers of the debtor, according to Tatiana Moskalkova. The result – a third of all completed and terminated enforcement proceedings remains largely unrealized. And the amount of debt Russians on child support remains considerable. By the end of 2019 it amounted to 152 billion rubles.

the Separate but highly relevant problem – imperfection of the procedure for the calculation of child support in respect of disabled persons In accordance with the Family code of the indebtedness of such debtors is determined on the basis of the average monthly wage in Russia, and average monthly wages in the regions is not taken into account.

In the context of pandemic karanvir��sa, when many parents out of work, the right to alimony has become particularly relevant. Amid rising unemployment and reduce the welfare of citizens need more than ever to support families with children and parents who have low income.

According to Tatiana Moskalkova, in some regions of Russia are in need of low-income mothers and fathers not receiving child support for minor children, may apply to the bodies of social protection for the appointment of the increased monthly child allowance. But at the Federal level, in her opinion, there is no enough support for parents experiencing difficulty in obtaining child support.

back in 2015 to address this issue, the Ombudsman recommended that the government consider creating a special alimony Fund to provide financial support to children who are not receiving payments from irresponsible parents.

on July 15 this year during the “government hour” in the Federation Council, the Director of the Federal bailiff service Dmitry Aristov spoke of the need to return to the question about creating a special alimony Fund. And the Chairman of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko has proposed to discuss this opportunity to spend in the upper house of the Parliament in the autumn of 2020, a series of hearings on this issue with the involvement of the government and experts. So the hope that the country will have an effective mechanism of protection of citizens ‘ rights to alimony, there is.

But suffering is not only single mothers but also single fathers with children. According to Tatyana Moskalkova, legislation does not always provide them with measures to support comparable with the support of single mothers.

there are cases of difficulties in obtaining by a single father family (parent) capital.

– the Normative legal acts, for example, include the possibility of obtaining maternity capital fathers, alone raising two or more children, whose mothers are of foreign nationality, died, – said Tatyana Moskalkova, indicating that from 2017 to 2019 was adopted was taken 138 decisions to refuse to issue such certificates.

the Ombudsman drew attention to this problem in his report for the year 2019, and recommended to consider the provision of state certificate for maternal (family) capital of this category of fathers.

Because single fathers today often find themselves in a no less difficult circumstances than single mothers, their rights remain in the sphere of close attention of the Ombudsman and her colleagues in the regions, said Tatiana Moskalkova.

And cited the example of the work of the Commissioner for human rights in the Republic of Dagestan, defended tains��La city of Khasavyurt, a lonely father with dependent underage children and not working because of the need to care for them. When the applicant reported the non-payment of wages in the municipal unitary enterprise which is in bankruptcy stage, the regional Commissioner intervened and ensured that the arrears of wages alone to the father was paid.