Over the last two months all of our lives — from work to sports, from business meetings to watching movies — was limited by the walls of their own apartments. It’s a great experience: now to future epidemics, we will be prepared in advance, freeing up clutter from the balcony and equipping myself in the kitchen a cozy corner office. Or maybe, we completely change your idea of a comfortable city apartment and begin to pursue leisure activities on the roof of their houses, which by that time will be recreational areas, or learn to live within the narrow confines of their quarters.Isolation during an epidemic — the invention, probably, of the Venetians, who, because of the geographical position of their city in the past century, from time to time struggled with different outbreaks of imported diseases. At least, art historian Gleb Smirnov, rooted in Venice, says that the etymology of the word “isolation” comes from the Italian Isola is an island. And Venice is just such a shelter, the salvation from all evil, including, and disease. “It (The Venice.— “B”) appeared, as we remember, because in 453, the surrounding people simply saved from the hordes of Attila, “the scourge of God”, seeking refuge in the lagoon,” writes Gleb Smirnov in his book “the Metaphysics of Venice.”That is, he says, insulation was originally incorporated in it, although the structure of the city is openness to the world. “You go to Venice, look at all the window, see its interiors, what’s going on inside it… People were talking across the alley from the Windows. The whole city is like a big kavardaci house, where instead of corridors — the streets and square, draw the essence of the space” is also a quote from the “Metaphysics of Venice.”And all because the mode of self-isolation during the current pandemic insidious COVID-19 forced to sit in their home — within the four walls, hearing conversations in the next apartment, maneuvering between the office on the sofa and a kitchen.Kitchen razgovarivala demonstrated that a modern living space should be flexible and adaptive. Today, the model apartment is designed primarily for rest and sleep. “In a situation when residents are forced for whatever reason to spend more time at home, many of them begin to experience discomfort: not enough spaces for solitude and work, for certain activities (e.g., sports) space is not provided, in principle,” says project Director at KB Strelka Ekaterina Maleeva. But to adapt the apartment to a new way is almost impossible because of the peculiarities of the plan, said the expert.There are going to be cooking and eating, work, recreation, communication. “However— continues Ekaterina Maleeva— often the kitchen space not designed for such intensive use — they are too small, and when you are attacked.AE when the kitchen combined with the living room, the smell of food can detract from the work or study”. The optimal solution to this problem is the layout in which the area of cooking combined with living room, but if necessary, can be isolated with the help of mobile partitions.Photo: Yuri Sagittarius, Commercantes one space in the apartment — the balcony. This is a little piece for a temporary “internal isolation” during the quarantine, it seems, have acquired functionality. Now this is not the place where all that sorry to throw it away and stored until the next trip to the country. Developers design new housing so in favor of the buyers, who for the most part believe in the Russian climate, this space is devoid of practical meaning. And why pay for “extra” parameters if they are used rarely, and then only as a warehouse.Photo: Irina Bujor, now Commercante balconies and terraces was more relevant than ever, says the founder of the architectural workshop “Arkanika” Nikita Immigrants. Despite the severity of winters in most parts of Russia. “And you look at Copenhagen, recommends the architect.— The climate is similar to St. Petersburg: windy, chilly, high rainfall. However, the General trend and in the apartments of economy class apartments, and a higher class — large terraces and balconies, the opportunity to spend time outdoors, being at home”.A change in the trend was felt housing developers. “You may return (in new development projects.— “B”) is large and comfortable balconies”— does not preclude the Director for marketing GK “Ingrad” Anna Sokolova. In fact, in the period of the pandemic conditioned air threat, preference is given to natural ventilation, and this may provide a balcony, the expert in the field of contemporary design, Maria Savostyanova.The disease that led to modernizationist comes out on top in almost any epidemiological war: in the sense that the loss in numbers kompensiruet new knowledge or inventions for the adaptation. Usually after each outbreak, people transformerait what face nightly and hourly, architecture. “In the early twentieth century architects and critics talked a lot about tuberculosis. In fact, it was their real obsession,” notes architectural historian and Princeton Professor Beatriz colomina. She wrote the book “x-ray architecture”, where he tells how the fight against tuberculosis, which at the beginning of last century died, every seventh inhabitant of the Earth, gave impetus to the development of modernism in architecture.Moscow also has its own architectural symbol of the fight against tuberculosis in the early twentieth century is built in 1930, the Narkomfin Building, which became a monument of constructivism, but turned, however, in our time in the area of permanent discord in the developer environment. For its time it was advanced object — an abundance of air and light, cross-ventilation of apartments, a rooftop Solarium.Photo: Kristina Kormilitsyna, КоммерсантъCOVID-19 — this is another important challenge for architects, developers and designers. “Postpandemic, the company will put on a long pause usual values: communication, close contact, once a bustling rhythm of life in the big city — and generated a tendency for social distance for a long time,” predicts the managing Director of the “Plane” Dmitry Volkov. We now live behind high fences? “No reason,”— retorted the developer. To cut off an audience, to make the space more secretive and secure, in his opinion, not just the houses: “increasingly will be used long stylobates, arches, elevation changes”. This can be achieved. “For example, through the development of shell and core territories of the porch, balcony or roof — to the status of public spaces that will allow residents to expand their home comfort”— sure head of the consulting company Alexander Atlas Sitnikova..From the entrance to podyezdnoy home begins with the entrance. In old houses — in the same Khrushchev — is completely unsuitable for communication space. It is the entrance, as suggested by city planners and architects can now become a meeting place not only neighbors, but also a kind of portal to the outside world. “Therefore,— says Alexander Sitnikova,— in new buildings it is necessary to provide a more spacious entrances with the function of the lobby, where residents will be able to meet the delivery service, conduct negotiations and interact with other people.”Photo: Emin Jafarov, Commercante in any case, as I believe the developers themselves of housing, the residents of the new developments in the future will want to minimize not only social distance but also to minimize the communication with outsiders. Therefore, developers now need to consider how to do it: for example, to install in the hallways packstation, contactless way of opening doors and calling the Elevator, says Anna Sokolova.So maybe there will be demand for solutions such as automatic disinfection of the cabin after each journey to make it is not technically difficult, said the chief architect of GC “Grenelle” Andrey Starikov.In the future it will be required at the entrance to homes to clearly distinguish between “dirty” and “clean” areas, which now often do not match the layout of the economy, transformed from the typical housing of the Soviet period, adds the architect of the Bureau of MT.A Mila Titov. “Contemporary block building provides opportunities to obtain all of the vital CErviso within walking distance without having to move long distances,”— agrees the head of the Bureau Noor Architects Mikhail Belyakov. Compactness of existing urban neighborhoods while respecting the norms of height and density of buildings, in his opinion, generates the effect of sparseness.Photo: Yury Martyanov, Kommersantu thesis develops Deputy Director of the Foundation “House.Of the Russian Federation” Cristina Eshanova: “If we consider the situation from the point of view of integrated development, the key principle of the modern development of territories is the functional diversity and relatively high proportion of commercial infrastructure in the residential quarter (10-40%)”. But more is needed, in walking distance to small parks, squares and boulevards for walking with children, Jogging. “Opportunity site to program a variety of scenarios will allow to avoid mass gatherings of people,” says Christine Ishanova.Extrapolating expert commentary to our reality, we can say that the presence of small parks in the neighborhood will walk with comfort in the case that during future regimes of the forced isolation of power in the cities will force residents to walk near the house on schedule and in accordance with the numbering of houses.And we in the near future Rajeev postpandemic the outside world for every citizen cross the border and access door. Ideally within walking distance should be, experts say, hybrid spaces. According to Dmitry Volkov, these are the places (almost on the ground floor of residential complexes), where you both can come on reception to the doctor, to take advantage of co-working, because the remote format is now working for many of us, will become commonplace, to spend leisure time, to buy necessary goods. That is a combined format of the multipurpose center and shopping facility.Photo: Yury Martyanov, you Kommersantu another nail in the back of owners of commercial real estate. Again to blame, of course, pandemic. On her background, according to the observations of Mikhail Belyakov, forced by the spread of the concept of “city within a city”, and polycentricity will get even more recognition.”Right now this dream is realized, as local public space will become much more popular among the citizens”,— predicts Mikhail Belyakov.”Bob, go home!”And we come to the most important part of our jurisdiction — apartments. How to make it convenient for possible future Samothrace or adapted to a remote format? According to her, in many model homes the level of noise decreased after overhaul — new pipes put tech to seal the joints did not.Another important aspect of our changed life, we need to provide yourself in the apartment office. On the layer��am Andrey Starikov, comfortable study in his apartment can be arranged for 1.5–2 sq m. it is Possible to reorganize the existing space with the placement of “workstation” in the living room, the bedroom or the balcony. This option can be implemented faster and with less financial and time costs, says Nikita Immigrants. At the same time, warns Marina Sevostyanova, even with minimal square footage, the benefit plan, which allow you to share life on a daily and nightly Sonipat: Igor Ivanko, Kommersantdaily Titov does not exclude that in postpandemic the apartments Russians will be additional space for storage. “For long-term isolation, these areas for food storage were in demand,” she says.In addition, the analysis of the Moscow center of urban studies, according to its managing Director Yulia Shulga, shows that high-rise buildings, elevators, and small local area increase the risk of infection. “So we see a high request for the construction of a small mid-rise buildings, in which you can use stairs and ignore elevators,” she explains.According to him, for many, any changes to the housing situation depends on the material possibilities; the housing issues associated with long-term commitments. “That is, at the moment these issues are rather in the background, but in the future may become more relevant,”— said the expert.Another difficulty is economic calculation, said Mila Titov: “Naturally, the growth of the feature set within a residential complex leads to an increase of the price. So, quality housing becomes more available.” But, as summed up in KB “Strelka”, in this case, the means of analytical design, which will make life in the city comfortable and safe during future epidemics. Khalil Aminopalladium now the pandemic has become for many cities a new Intro that defines the change in the daily lives of its inhabitants. About how to change practice use of urban areas and how spatial design can help to protect citizens, in the article “Kommersant” said the managing Director of KB Strelka Anastasia Shcherbakova and expert on the spatial dimension of this company Mrs. Natalia Shavkunova.Read more
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