Intelligence of the American center for The Jamestown Foundation called a potential cause for armed conflict between Russia and Ukraine – a critical water shortage in the Crimea. According to their estimates, some of 22 the Crimean reservoirs had completely dried up. The reason was the warm winter and lack of precipitation. It is clear that the probability of invasion of Russia in the neighboring country for this reason is equal to zero, but the problem remains. And if earlier it concerned mainly agriculture, but now water may not be enough, and at the household needed.
for the sixth year, authorities and experts say the shortage of water in the Crimean reservoirs, calculate how much is left and there will be enough to survive another season. Until 2014 drinking poda came to Crimea from the Dnieper through the North-Crimean channel. But after joining the Peninsula to Russia the water supply was blocked by Ukraine, and people had to use wells and reservoirs.
this year the problem is particularly acute. During the winter and spring there was virtually no rainfall, and drinking water supplies in the region dropped by half. According to American analysts, the water reserves will last for a maximum until July-August that will create a “public health crisis in the Crimea.” The head of Committee of the Crimean Parliament on public diplomacy and international relations Yuriy gempel already responded to the statement of experts: “Russia has enough forces and means to provide the Peninsula with water.” And anyway, they say, is not worried. But the fact remains – in some regions the water comes intermittently even from the taps.
the President of the Crimean Academy of Sciences Viktor Tarasenko said “MK”, making it difficult to provide Crimea with water.
– the Situation is really alarming and we’re at the mercy of nature. All hope was on spring rains, but they were not very effective, soil moisture did not have enough and not completed reservoir. Now a separate reservoir obmelchal 30%, with some water left and even less.
In Northern Crimea began to have serious problems with lack of water. When was the North-Crimean canal, there was an extensive network of water supply. Now there’s no water. In addition, some farmers are beginning to uncontrollably drilled wells, and these fistulas just outrageously much. Water is taken literally to zero. In the end, formed the so-called land subsidence, when the ground water level. Because we, in fact, the island, is salinization of water and soil. It’s very sad and need to think how to stop this process.
as for filling reservoirs, it is still a little hope at the beginning of June – this time in the region rain. But the situation is tense and constantly forces us to seek a way out.
Approach to the problem must be comprehensive. First, n��necessary to wisely manage what we have. To create the conditions for the reproduction of water, its accumulation and rational use. You can get water from every available source and to prevent its contamination. You also need to use waste water. They can be cleaned and used in agriculture. There is a technology of desalination, as it does the same Israel and other southern regions. Yes, it is energy-intensive, but when water is not there, then we need to find alternative ways to the extent that water can be obtained from the air. There are technologies which allow it to condense and use where remote areas.
in addition, in the Crimea can be deep water. Yes, this theory is disputed by some colleagues but the water supply had to be established in North Africa, and Mongolia. Assume that we are also there at a depth of 800 meters. It’s all integrated solutions that help to solve the problem by careful use, alternative for sewage and sea water and the search for new types of water.
How much can it cost?
– the whole complex of these measures we asked for 3.5 billion rubles. In the framework of large programs is not a lot of money. We have promised them, but so far we did not wait. Then we asked to give the opportunity to test the model with the deep waters. Asked for 100 million rubles, to drill two wells. each of them at 800 m. Well, this money is also not yet received. We are filled with ideas and desire to find strategic reserves of water, but yet no funding.