this, in particular, the subprogramme development of selection and seed growing of oil crops. Russia is one of the world’s largest exporters of vegetable oils and manufacturers of sunflower. However seeds we are seriously dependent on imports. According to the Ministry of agriculture, the share of domestic varieties and hybrids of sunflower, soybean and rapeseed are less than 40 percent.
the subprogramme will create at least 25 new varieties and hybrids of domestic breeding. The import share should be reduced to half. It is planned that the use of new varieties will be not less than 30 percent of farms growing oilseeds. Varieties developed under the subprogramme by the end of 2025, will be placed on the area of at least 500 to 550 thousand hectares. While in 2019 the area under oilseeds has reached 14.5 million hectares.
On the quality of domestic seeds (especially in conjunction with the national plant protection agents) must not concede to import. But the cost will be significantly cheaper due to the currency component, hopes Executive Director of oil and fat Union Mikhail Maltsev. However, he fears that the time for the implementation of the subprogram may not be enough. The breeding cycle is 5-7 years before receiving the finished product, and the program lasts only until 2025.
the Second subprogramme concerns the improvement of the genetic potential of cattle meat breeds. According to the Ministry of agriculture, beef production in the country does not meet the requirements of food security Doctrine. In total, the country produced 1.3-1.4 million tons of beef in the domestic demand of 1.8-2.3 mln tons (that is 12-16 kg per capita) per year. The proportion of beef cattle and crossbred breeds is only about 17 percent, the rest of the beef from dairy and combined breeds. The subprogramme will not only reduce the share of imports, but also to create conditions for the formation of export potential of domestic high-quality beef, are confident the authors of the document. Routine designed until 2025.
the importance of the issue of import substitution in genetics for beef cattle overrated: Russia has enough skilled breeders with serious breeding potential in almost all the most popular breeds, says the Director General of the National Union of beef producers (NSPG) Roman Kostiuk. According to him, breeding cattle to Russia is about 18 per cent of the total population of beef cattle. But commercial flocks for the production of cheap beef is significantly lacking.
“we Need to saturate the market with cheap long investment to a great number of enterprises want to develop high-quality goods commercial herds. Then there will be a demand for outstanding livestock development herds, and the market will be filled with quality and inexpensive products,” – said the expert.