Russia will create a registry of citizens who recover from coronavirus and immune. It might come in handy in case of a “second wave” or the deterioration of the epidemiological situation: the Russians with the immune passports will be able to continue working when others are in quarantine. Most registry will have Moscow: by decree of the mayor employers may 12, are required to conduct regular testing of employees for COVID and antibodies thereto. Immune passport may also be necessary for foreign travel: their owners will be easier to get a visa and book a room at the hotel.

the Idea of introducing a so-called immune passports being actively discussed in the West. For her advocate, bill gates, health Ministers and tourism of several countries that believe that they will be able to quickly restart most affected industries and to prevent them from “freezing” in the future. “We will give you a passport confirming that you have the antibodies. So, you can go to work, you are protected,” explained a leading U.S. expert on coronavirus Anthony Fauci.

In Russia, which, as mentioned, carefully monitor the experience of foreign countries, the Federal registry of new cases of infection began to form in April. According to the head of the Ministry of health of Michael Murashko, literally in seven days created a special information system that accumulates information about all the patients and those who are with them in contact. Data it received from all medical institutions and from the Federal medical-biological Agency, the Ministry of communications and Ministry of transport. At the Federal level information is de-identified, however, in the regions see the status of each patient. Recovered and discharged from hospitals from the system are not removed: they form a registry of people who in theory should have immunity to coronavirus. However, the specialists still disagree about its sustainability. According to some, strong and long lasting immunity get only patients with severe and those who were sick in a weak form, some time at risk of becoming infected again. But all such studies need further verification.

The full registry will have Moscow. According to the decree of the mayor, may 12, all companies and businesses to resume or continue work, shall regularly conduct random testing employees for the presence of coronavirus (PCR) and immunity to disease (by ELISA). Until may 31, employers must verify at least 10% of their workers, and on June 1 every 15 days test even at 10%. Taking into account the fact that now I go to work around 4 million residents by the end of the month should be carried out a 400 thousand tests. Those who do not fulfill the requirements, the city authorities threatened action. Fines range from 100 to 300 thousand roubles, for repeated nispolnenie the company may close, said the head of the Department of investment and industrial policy Alexander Prokhorov.

Testing using the PCR method, which detects the disease at the active stage, employers will have to pay for themselves. And the costs for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay can be split with the city: sampling will Finance the enterprise, the test of the capital budget. This suggests that the Moscow authorities are primarily interested to identify as many people as possible with immunity. “It is very important for the person and the employer, and for the city to understand the register of such people,” — emphasizes the Deputy mayor Anastasia Rakova.

it is possible that the list can be as those who have had it unconsciously, i.e. without symptoms, and those who… did not hurt at all. As shown by studies of German virologists immune COVID-2019 may be eligible people who were previously infected with coronaviruses of other types.

registry-based citizens will be able to obtain the so-called immune passport if the need arises. The possibility of their registration recognized by the Ministry of health and Rospotrebnadzor: the information at any time to remove from the system. “I don’t see the problem really,” says ant. According to Anna Popova, the test results will allow us to understand, “that this man can move freely, can freely go to work.” However, the question remains, how long will the immunity, because antibody levels are different. Therefore, the idea of immune passports good, says Popova, but to evaluate their effectiveness — need more data. In General, while the issue is studied.

In foreign countries also came to a consensus about the need for so-called health certificates. On the one hand, their presence will allow fewer problems for the economy to go through a second wave of the epidemic, which everyone is waiting for autumn: those who have immunity, will be able to continue working. On the other hand, some industries — such as tourism — such documents necessary to restore the trust of customers. In Beijing it is impossible to check in to a hotel without help no COVID-2019 or the presence of antibodies. The same measures announced by the hoteliers of Greece and Turkey. And the tourism Ministers of EU countries agreed to adopt a common position before the end of may.

For Russians, the introduction of immune passports or certificates of health will have another dimension: without them do not apply for a Schengen visa.

However, in countries such as Germany, are already saying that the “certification” for health reasons is discriminatory and contrary to the principles of democracy. The verdict as to whether the Germans of the immune passport, to bring the ethics Council — an independent body advising the government on complex ethical issues.

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