According to estimates of the Agency for strategic initiatives (ASI), are supported by the state in a pandemic COVID-19 only 9% of small and medium entrepreneurs. The reason for this low coverage is a method of classifying companies by the number of victims on the basis of the Russian classification of economic activities (OKVED). Experts and business insist on more fair, from their point of view, criteria. The economy Ministry intends to adhere to the accepted rules, but promises to Refine them.Only 9% of small and medium businesses can receive state support, said yesterday at the session of Russian business Week of RSPP, head of the ASI Svetlana Cumshewa. This low figure they associated with the method of allocation of business among the affected sectors based on the registration of enterprises NACE codes. According to her, this procedure proved to be destructive and ineffective: “the Rest of the business was left alone with the problems that need to be addressed, is the fall in revenue and the preservation of employment, the transfer of employees to remote formats, the provision of loans.” In this regard, the head of ASI, should adopt the “equitable principles” classifying companies as victims.The need to Refine the criteria stated not for the first time. Business Ombudsman Boris Titov in his recent report to the President pointed out that the victims are the enterprises belonging to NACE code 161, of which 95 are not yet included in the lists of supported industries, and 26 support measures apply only partially. According to him, 26% of Respondent companies by main NACE belong to the victims — of these, only 35% can use the support measures. This means that used the support of only 10% of the total number of small businesses — evaluation of the business Ombudsman, thus, the practical coincide with the data of ASI. Now in the registry of SMEs listed 6 million legal entities and individual entrepreneurs.Ministry of economic development with the existence of the problem according to. This week the head of the Department Maxim Reshetnikov declared the theme of OKVED “the most patient in the system of support.” The logic of the mechanism adopted, the Ministry explains the need existed to respond quickly to a pandemic, based on existing methods of identifying groups of entrepreneurs. Other criteria, such as the magnitude of the revenue drop at the business office in the shallows due to the fact that then in order for someone to help, would have to wait for quarterly reports, i.e. July—August.While the authorities try to expand the list of beneficiaries on the basis of the same NACE — by expanding support auxiliary codes for activities. The economy Ministry has already made the White house a proposal on the possibility of entrepreneurs Refine their NACE codes. According to the Agency, and it is allowed to expand the list of recipients of state support more than 200 thousand In yesterday’s session revealed another problem of the anti-crisis SME support — a few of the European business representatives complained that the current requirements do not allow companies with foreign participation to take advantage of it. The organization is included in the registry of SMEs, provided that the share of foreign participation in its Charter capital does not exceed 49% (exceeding the permissible if the foreign participant refers to the number of SMEs and is not an offshore company). In the end, as said the President of Alstom Transport Rus Philippe pegorier, small businesses with foreign participation may not benefit from financial support. The Deputy head of the Ministry Alexey khersontsev assured that the Agency did not aim to divide the Russian and foreign entrepreneurs. According to him, the situation reflects a particular “legal status”, which tied the financial support, regulatory action, added the official, available to all.Eugene Kryuchkov
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