somewhere already dropped out, where-that work is still going. Although there are difficulties. And one of them is the shortage of personnel. If not addressed, the next field season will go not so smoothly. Correspondents of “Rossiyskaya Gazeta” on may holidays visited the fields to talk with farmers and experts.
the call of the correspondent “RG” caught Omsk farmer Sereia Cheredova from the village Cockanova Tarski district in the office of a psychiatrist. It encodes its employees from drinking.
“leave me not, – said Sergey Nikitovich. – No encoding, and sowing, and harvesting will go down the drain. The new tractor is, and you can put on it nobody. The men in the village a lot, but some of the drinking employee? Therefore, prior to field work, I gathered everyone and brought in Bolshereche to the psychiatrist. In the Packaging of Dr. no. So I had to go to another area. The encoding of a single employee costing me 3 thousand rubles, not counting the expenses for food and road. But it pay off costs. After all, coding is enough for the whole year.”
According to Cheredova, before the staff had to persuade on visits to the psychiatrist. But the farmer actively helped wives of the villagers. And now the workers have themselves come to him in advance, are recorded on the “preventive”.
the farmer works efficiently. Time waits for no man. The optimum time of sowing in the Omsk region – 15-16 days. That means from 15 to 28 may in the region must end with the sowing of wheat, and by June 1 all other crops.
the Acute shortage of manpower in rural areas – a problem for the Omsk region traditional. Many villagers prefer to work in the North on a rotational basis. In other regions of Russia – for other reasons.
Pandemic closed its borders. Namely migrant workers in recent years make up for the lack of human resources in rural areas. Without migrants there was not one farm in the Middle Urals, especially during peak seasons.
“Usually, we in the migration service has issued patents for visitors from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Although they worked seasonally, but among the shift workers were the professionals who can be trusted with expensive equipment. And wages are lower than the countrymen. Was waiting for them today, but, alas, never came – says the accountant of the farm “rose” Nina Zakirova.
the Exact figure of how many foreign workers were employed in the season in the Ural fields, failed to find out. A significant proportion of the labour market and the shadow. For evaluation of personnel holes, the experts propose to proceed on the basis that the village had approximately seven percent came to the region of migrant workers. In the Sverdlovsk region for the first 10 months of last year officially with permissions and patents – earned life more than 36.8 thousand foreign citizens. If you follow the formula, the APK worked more than 2.5 thousand��Chi of them.
the Acute labour shortage experienced by most regions. Residents in the village become smaller. Many of them, most able-bodied, I prefer to work on a rotational basis in the cities. Therefore, in the labour market the most common job today is an agricultural worker, especially in vegetable production.
“the Migrants did not come, and we don’t have enough people. Someone from sows at all, we here have reduced the sown area, – told “RG” the farmer in the Dubovsky district of Volgograd region Bahmani Khamdamov. – This is a common problem for all of Russia. Talk to friends from Veliky Novgorod, from Orenburg – it’s the same thing.”
And in every region looking for a solution to the problems of rural cadres.
“Restrictions on the entry of migrants, of course, affected the field work in some farms. This prompted us to dramatically arm power technique, to review the personnel approach – the Chairman of Association of farms of the Novosibirsk region Alexey Salnikov. Is smoothed problem.”
the Voronezh government, which has already received several letters from local businesses regarding the lack of personnel, is trying to the problem is to connect the employment centers.
But because of anti-epidemic measures losing, as a rule, the citizens. But their ability to become a worthy substitute for the Uzbeks or Moldavians neither the farmers nor the officials do not really believe. The theme delicate. In private it is revealed: “In our village, people have forgotten how to work. Uzbek stimulates piece, he needs to send money home, he to dusk will not go away. And local want to work hourly, with days off, holidays, and unauthorized absences”.
According to the Voronezh Vice-Governor Victor Logvinov, the mass migration of personnel from the city to the village they don’t expect. “And yet, even students majoring in it – he said, – will this summer to work in the village due to the fact that employers from the budget to compensate 30 percent of the cost of organizing practices.”
In his own way trying to close the “rural” jobs and in Tambov. No account is taken of the fact that in current conditions of agro industrial complex is becoming increasingly attractive segment in the labour market. Agricultural enterprises in the season are willing to offer competitive wages, to provide employment not only in the field, but also the possibility of skills development to qualified professionals in IT, engineers, mechanics, and engineers.
“Reserve personnel of the companies are formed from among its employees by reducing the number of shifts, the use of replacement workers and workers transferred to remote work. Additionally, together with the management of the village of the owltov is fulfilled recruitment, are currently without work”, – told in the management of agriculture in the region.
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