the Gap between rich and poor continues to grow. To such conclusion experts of GlobalNR and “romira”, which conducted the international poll. On the background of the pandemic problem of social differentiation will only be exacerbated.
“a Big problem” this social phenomenon is often recognized in Russia, Brazil and India. Of course it bothers people in other countries, but here are the numbers: the question “do you think the gap between rich and poor is a big problem?” in the United States answered Yes, 65% of respondents in India — 86%, Brazil 85%, in Russia — 84%.
Russia, Brazil and India — the BRICS countries, and BRICS is a group of countries, which initially in addition to the trio was part of China, and then was annexed the South African Republic. Composed band was a Goldman Sachs investment Bank analyst Jim O’neill in 2001. He decided to combine them, based on the fact that these countries will determine the future growth of the world economy. It is not excluded that an important factor in his “discovery” was the euphonious acronym: bric in English, “brick”, an excellent building material for any construction.
Such “discovery” analysts of investment banks do often enough, is paid by the banks PR, but O’neill managed to “shoot”. Although, according to most economists, they constructed a group of countries, there is little in common: they have a very different model of economic development and political systems. That China and India are the most rapidly developing country in the world today and tomorrow, no doubt. The rest of the country groups in this they seriously inferior, and Russia in recent years, even among the Laggards. But it’s done, BRICS is already a factor in world economy and even geopolitics.
a Survey by ROMIR and GlobalNR highlights another common feature of the BRICS countries. Although China and South Africa the survey was not conducted, there is little doubt that there is a problem of social differentiation would be the favorite of the respondents. Issues of social justice are acute in all BRICS countries. According to the World Inequality Report-2018, the share of the richest 10% accounts for 41% of national income in China, 46% in Russia and 55% in India and Brazil. For comparison: in the USA and Canada, the corresponding share of 47%, while in Europe — 37%.
Note that data collected prior to the epidemic of the coronavirus. There is no doubt that “viral” the economic crisis will seriously exacerbate social differentiation. Everywhere, but primarily in developing countries, which include Russia along with other BRICS countries.
the Results of a survey by ROMIR and GlobalNR is not interesting sociology, but a serious warning. For different countries it’s different. This is not the Jim O’neal and not Karl Marx with his “expropriation of the expropriators”, but certainly Leo Tolstoy: “To> ach unhappy family is unhappy in its own way”.
For China and India, the aggravation of social contradictions in the society, in particular, a deceleration of the economy, and Russia is first and foremost a tightening of stay at the beginning of the socio-economic crisis, a further fall in real incomes and the growth of another differentiation — at the level of the financial opportunities of regional budgets.