Its 125th anniversary Russian Museum celebrates the empty halls — coronavirus is not the best setting for the anniversary. But perhaps now is the time to think about it, what would be the national Museum.Zinaida Kurbatova this anniversary Russian Museum has acquired tremendous possessions. Besides well-known yellow and white classic of the Mikhailovsky Palace with the Benois wing of another castle, three palaces, three gardens and the House of Peter I. Power, greatness and a lot of money to contain. And scandals. If you restore, then what style is the usual permanent excitement. Was and loud story — I decided to tweak and augment the monument of Federal importance. But the Museum administration lost the court employees, and complement do not have. No Museum can not remember.Secrets and binarydata: Alexander Petrosyan, Commercentre eras and styles, by different architects. Palace secrets, many of which are still not solved. The Mikhailovsky Palace was erected Rossi, with his Museum began, here the main exposure. The first was in 1988 — Russian departed Stroganov Palace on Nevsky, built by Rastrelli. From the Palace left the military, leaving the interior in a poor state. Graceful Baroque masterpiece then caused a lot of disputes about how to paint. In Leningrad, he was green-white. Becoming part of the Russian Museum, became the pink and white cake. During the restoration of the ceilings found Hiking rollaway bed. Perhaps it belonged to count Alexander Stroganov, which one of the footmen had the bed put in the room that indicated the gentleman. Now here you can see the interiors, but the restoration continues. In the marble Palace built by Rinaldi in the Soviet era was the Museum of the revolution, the best students there joined the pioneers, a mysterious red lights shimmered layout, depicting a Winter storm. On a pedestal stood in the courtyard of Lenin’s armored car. In 1992 the building was given to the Russian Museum. The interiors are lucky it even survived intact rooms of the Grand Duke Konstantin Romanov, who wrote under the pseudonym CU. Now in marble show the collection of the brothers Rzhevsky and spouses Ludwig. This Palace especially love still alive by the creators. Here exhibit their works, mostly contemporary art, objects, art of bullying. This is a specialty Marble. Place an exiled armored car took the monument of Alexander III, the sculptor Paolo Trubetskoy. The Museum saved the monument, in Soviet times, the Emperor was kept in one of the courtyards, and knew about it only dedicated.Painted it the red, it was the color of gloves mistress of the Emperor Lopukhina. In the same castle of the unfortunate Paul was killed. The window of the room where something terrible happened for centuries covered with fabric. The castle passed to the Russian parts in 1990-ies, it was partly restaurerede. Recently discovered a secret staircase that led from the bedroom of Paul chambers mistress. Why on the fateful night he used this secret passage is another secret Palace. The Mikhailovsky castle the original sculptures of the Summer garden, which had to be replaced in the garden on the copy. Periodically, there are classic show. In 2019, the castle was opened after the restoration of the Church of the Archangel Michael, almost immediately started talking about how should we move there the most valuable icon of the XII century from the Museum collection “angel Golden hair”. It was the idea of a single Orthodox patron. Museum workers protested, the angel remained in the exposition of the Mikhailovsky Palace.In the beginning was museumdat: Alexander Koryakov, Kommersanta opened to the public on 19 March (new style), 1898. The centenary of this event was widely celebrated in 1998. Now note different date — April 25, this day came the decree of Nicholas II on the establishment of the “Russian Museum of Alexander III”. Why the emphasis shifted in the direction of the decree, we can only guess. On 25 April, the birthday of Vladimir Gusev, he became the first Director of the Russian Museum, which appointed the Ministry, and unanimously chose the team. This happened in June 1988. Gusev did a lot. In addition to restoration of the palaces was the landmark exhibition, the first rehabilitation of a forgotten art, opening of new names. The acquisition of collections, of which the most recent collection of Nina Suetina, and it consists of works of Malevich and his disciples. Vladimir Gusev opened the club “Friends of the Russian Museum” patrons help buy works of art and restore them. While Gusev appeared a virtual version of the Museum around the world, and in the Spanish Malaga in 2015 has opened a branch present in the building of the former tobacco factory. Here mainly show the avant-garde — things that appreciate in the West. And timing is the only methodological centre in the country associated with regional museums.Russian began with the collection of Alexander III. The king introduced the fashion on Russian style, collecting a national art. The Museum was established by decree of Nicholas II, became the best monument to his father. It merged immediately a lot of collections, according to Gusev, the Museum created the whole country and collections there were small and large, meeting the aristocracy, merchants, commoners. Svinyin ruined part of his collection went to the Museum of Alexander III. And donated masterpieces world of art patron Princess Tenisheva, and Prince Lobanov-Rostovsky, and the largest researcher of ancient history of Nikolai Likhachev. Icons from his collection and starts the exposition is built in chronological order.Photo: Alexander Koryak, Russian Kommersant the most complete collection of national art — pred��present all ages, directions, schools and names. But the main exposure is changed all the time, hesitated. Depending on ideology, and then fashion. Academics, Wanderers — their work hung in the permanent exhibition always. It was firmly. “Last days of Pompeii”, and at the same time a beautiful dark-eyed ladies Briullov, all as one similar to Samoilov, his secret passion. Brilliant Fedotov, witty and a fine artist. At the Academy of fine arts entrance exam in the 1970s asked the applicant to describe the painting by Pavel Fedotov, “the Anchor, still anchor”. The young man confidently stated that the image of the officer appears tsarist Russia and the poodle — driven people. And, of course, all these paintings that we know from reproductions in textbooks and the Soviet “light”. Repin’s barge haulers and the Cossacks, Stenka Razin Surikov, Perov with his miserable half-starved loners and well-fed abbots of monasteries. It was all criticism, denunciation of the tsarist regime. Complements the exhibition landscapes — Shishkin pine and levitanovskie stretches. Portraits of the artists brush Serov. About here was the point. No Vrubel, Somov nor any of the symbolists, world of art, there is no “Jack of diamonds”. It was all forbidden. Exposure after Serov immediately showed socialist realism, and in 1934 appeared the Department of Soviet art.And surprisingly — contrary to the view that folk art has become obsolete and nobody wants, in 1937 still opened such a Department.The era of Pushkareva: “GOLD MEDIUM”IN 1951, Russian Museum was incredibly lucky. It was headed by Vasily Pushkarev, Director of the legendary. At the front Pushkarev lost fingers and couldn’t become a professional artist. Like no other he “felt” art, had the unmistakable taste and loved the novelty. Bold and decisive, he was able to outwit the critics in the civilian and party leaders. This was the era Pushkarev. He knew the value of avant-garde. Together with academician Likhachev they persuaded the widow by Kazimir Malevich to convey his legacy in the Russian Museum. Persuaded. But then came the fashion to give friendly leaders pictures, businessman hammer decided to present just the canvas Malevich. Pushkarev literally hid the great picture of Suprematism in the closet under lock and key, and when funds came people Minister Furtseva, they found Malevich. Then many years Pushkarev urged the sister of Pavel Filonov pass on their legacy. Also persuaded. Pushkarev went abroad, became acquainted with the emigrants, bought it. So the Museum was the work of Serebryakova, Malyavina, and more. It was almost a detective story. Pushkarev flew from Paris with a suitcase full of canvases and drawings. For support he chose the blonde model looks. While the blonde was distracted by a customs officer, the Director the Museum moved the leg a suitcase full of canvases and drawings. The most fruitful was the end of the 1950-ies and 1960-ies. But do not think that Museum workers “took out” in Leningrad all the best. As he wrote later Faith Laurina, head of the Department of ancient Russian art: “It was the work of survey, registration and collection of monuments, most of which was transferred on the account and under the protection of the regional authorities, taken to local museums and Museum. Just revealed more than 4 thousand works, from expeditions to the timing received over 900 monuments.” It is through the efforts of the employees who every summer went in the expedition, there was a Museum in Petrozavodsk. And in Russian in the halls of folk art is a huge horse-okhlupen, adorn in the North of the hut. It weighs more than the real horse. Dragging his fragile Museum ladies, we can only guess. Persuasion, and the local currency.Cunning Pushkarev opened the exhibition forbidden Petrov-Vodkin. Deputy Director Yevgeny Petrov says: “the Exhibition was hung, but I didn’t open it. Censorship is not allowed”. When opened, the queue was from the Nevsky Prospekt not previously seen “bathing of a red horse” or “Petrograd Madonna”. Pushkareva, in 1977, took off, things could end badly if he didn’t hastily left for Moscow. The era of the Russian Pushkarev is over. After he was appointed party lady that all was arranged.Photo: Evgeny Pavlenko, Commercetel adjustment the vanguard began to show more and more, to promote, to carry the show to the West. Yevgeny Kovtun, who was involved in the avant-garde and was friends with the disciples Filonov, a long time ago, by some miracle, was not dismissed from the Museum, and now was his pride. Vanguard is everything, and Malevich, Filonov, Kandinsky pushed the rest. After the restructuring appeared in the Museum and contemporary art Department, this is the actual art. Began to buy the work of contemporary, first unrecognized. Mitki, Timur Novikov, Georgy Gurianov. There are now in the Museum lounge and the art of the Stalin era with a giant picture of your favorite the Stalin-Alexander Gerasimov. It was opened recently without much publicity, somehow shyly. Not enough at a permanent exhibition of severe style, the art of the 1970s and 1980s. Recently in Moscow “the Arena” showed paintings and sculptures dedicated to the great Patriotic war. There was, for example, outstanding painting of Boris Ugarov “Leningradka”. Usually it does not show it in the funds belt. But as they say, tastes differ.To Ploubalay, the Museum opened an exhibition of Alexander III, it is now possible to see only in a virtual format. They are going to do a huge exposure in all the palaces of the Museum, dedicated to the donors. Now the site of the Museum began to visit more often, markedly increased lovers of the beautiful from bLegnago abroad. The Museum has invented a new virtual format to tell the story of the masterpieces not only of his congregation, but also from friendly provincial museums. While at the Museum every day, only security and climate scientists. The Museum that exhibits unexpected activities very useful.