Guardian — the person who knows all about the items stored in the Museum: how they got into the collection, what has value and what is confirmed by their authenticity. And yet the guardian is familiar with the biography of the hero of the Museum and can tell very interesting stories.

Elena Alekhina, the curator of the Museum M. A. Bulgakov, tells five stories from the life of a writer, four of which are associated with her favorite exhibits.

Joint material mos.EN and the Agency “Moscow”.

With his third wife Elena Shilovskaya Mikhail Bulgakov met when they both had families. About the writer Elena recalled in his diaries: “It was in the 29th year in February, Oil. Some friends arranged for the pancakes. No I didn’t want to go there nor Bulgakov, who for some reason decided that in this house he won’t walk. But it so happened that these people were able to sell the list of invited him and me. Well, I, of course, his name… we met and were close. It was fast, very fast, in any case, from my side, the love of her life.”

They were married three years later, October 4, dissolving existing marriages the day before. Elena took the name of Mikhail Bulgakov. They lived together for eight years. The third wife was the novelist not only the Secretary but also a Muse — it Bulgakov wrote a Margarita. Elena was very beautiful, well-groomed woman, followed the fashion, and tried to meet famous husband. On home photos of Bulgakov depicted with glasses because of poor eyesight she used them while working. Sometimes Elena Sergeevna replaced glasses small folding binoculars.

In February 1934, Bulgakov and his wife moved in my own cooperative apartment in the first writers ‘ house at the address: street Furmanova (now naschokinsky lane), house 3/5. Three-room apartment 27 on the second floor of Bulgakov hung crystal chandeliers and set as he spoke, “furniture Redwood”. The most mysterious and interesting object was a large Secretary. His writer to a birthday party on November 21 gave the wife. Elena bought this Desk at an auction in the house on Nikitsky Boulevard, where Gogol lived. The birthday boy loved writer, considering him a friend, so the idea that the Secretary belonged to Nikolai Vasilyevich, very he liked.

Bulgakov, who had a habit of giving things names, dubbed a gift of the wife “Alexander Bureau”. Secretaire mahogany Russian work from the first quarter of the XIX century — the era of Alexander I. As any vintage piece of furniture, this thing with your secrets it has hidden drawers and space hidden behind the decor. For example, the top drawer slides out so h��about the furniture becoming at the same time in a Desk and the Desk.

the Secretary also has extraordinary detail, which has delighted restorers, a very strange counterweight. Between the outer and inner walls of one of the parts of the Bureau is empty space, which are inserted in the platform cast iron with cut off handle and riveted bracket. Unfortunately, the unusual counterweight impossible to demonstrate, since this furniture need to be dismantled.

Who was placed inside of Bulgakov’s Secretary this strange object and see whether the furniture Gogol unknown. But the fact that at this very Secretary in 1940 by candlelight Bulgakov finished the novel “Master and Margarita”, — fact.

heandRA Uborevich — daughter of the famous commander Jerome Uborevich, who was arrested in 1937 and executed together with Tukhachevsky in the case of “military-fascist conspiracy in the red army”. With a family of Uborevicha Elena Shilovskaya met in the house for the staff of the Military Academy of law, the second husband of Elena Sergeevna, the Colonel of the red army Yevgeny Shilovsky, were given an apartment here. The woman was friends with the neighbors, often went to Uborevicha to visit. Despite the age difference of 30 years, she was Vladimir’s friend. Elena left the girl, when my father was shot and arrested the mother. Vladimir, which at that time was 13 years old, was sent to Nizhneisetsky orphanage. Elena met again with her in 1942 when she returned from boarding school and entered the Moscow Institute of architecture.

In 1944, Vladimir was arrested for anti-Soviet agitation, and then was a camp in Vorkuta and rehabilitation in 1955. About all his misadventures and experiences Uborevich was telling an older friend, and Bulgakov once suggested that to describe his life on paper. First, Vladimir refused, citing the fact that she is an engineer, not a writer. Then Elena suggested that her friend do it in letters to her, and in 1968 he was sent from Moscow to Moscow 14 letters explained in detail the events of the last years.

a Memoir written in a simple notebook sheet, Elena kept along with the envelopes. It not only numbered pages of letters, but also made notes on the envelopes in which they came. Somewhere appeared the level of “important,” “important,” and on the envelope with a story about the life of Pyotr Yakir left the phrase: “Petka, terrible.” In his letters Uborevich lowered many of the points relating to arrests and life in the camps, much of which was written carefully and vaguely.

Bulgakov’s collected letters for the book about father Vladimir, the commander of the Uborevich, which was prepared by “Voenizdat”, but what was released in the end, like a highly abridged and rewritten distillation of the option granted to Specifiedth Sergeyevna. The woman returned Uborevich all the letters on the memory of children and grandchildren. In 2008, architect Boris Uborevich-Borovsky, the son of Vladimir Geronimovka, published in the book “14 letters to Elena Sergeevna Bulgakova”, and a few years ago gave a letter to the Museum.

Varvara Mikhailovna Pokrovskaya, the writer’s mother, was born in the family priest. Great status the parents had, therefore, after the end of the Oryol gymnasium she worked as a teacher in the female school in Karachi. With her future husband Varvara Mikhailovna met in the eagle — Afanasiy Bulgakov was graduated from the theological Seminary there. Young people in the summer of 1890 was crowned by the bride’s father, proudly made in the marriage certificate the record that his daughter was “a matron and a teacher”. After the wedding, the couple moved to Kiev, where in may, 1891, their first child was born Michael.

the Family quickly grew to 10 years Michael was four sisters and two brothers. Special material prosperity Bulgakov had — his father served in the Kiev theological Academy and in parallel, he taught history at the Kiev Institute for noble maidens, and the mother cared for the family, raise children, and a little moonlighting on the evening of the women’s educational courses. She was an energetic, industrious woman, had time to look after the house and garden. Varvara Bulgakova was considered a skilled seamstress — machine she sewed clothes for seven children.

the Museum M. A. Bulgakov kept a personal thing and his mother’s sachet for handkerchiefs. The envelope of the Atlas is formed as a folder and tied with pink silk ribbons. The sachet is sewn by machine, but can not say, this thing is bought or made by Varvara Mikhailovna. Violets that adorn the sachet, make it easy to date the subject of flowers in delicate purple and lilac tones characteristic of things created in the 1880’s. Elegant and expensive item is the only item gives the average financial situation of the family of violet silk sachet, not embroidered, and painted with oil paint. But the pattern is made so skillfully that, unless you look closely, you might think that it is embroidery.

a Lover of practical jokes and outrageous Mikhail Bulgakov never missed an opportunity to dress up. Head of the literary section of the Theater, Paul Markov said:

Mikhail wore bow ties, laced shoes, colored vests, and sometimes even inserted into the eye monocle. All fashion experiments and outputs of the writer one way or another the photographs. More precisely, all but one. There is not a single photo, which Bulgakov would have been removed from the pan.

About the writer’s dream to buy a bowler hat told the Soviet agronomist Nikolai Rakitskiy. He met Bulgakov in 1915 in the town of Sychevka, Smolensk province Mikhail Afanas��evich then worked as a country doctor in a local hospital. Writer and scholar immediately found a common language and two years, while both lived in Sychevskii County, met and communicated. In 1917 Rakitskiy left Smolensk province, and friends again met in Moscow in 1923.

Nikolai Petrovich recalled how once, having received money for the publication of the White guard, Bulgakov wanted to update your wardrobe:

Hat had remained in Bulgakov, but there are no pictures, where he is depicted in the headdress. The exhibit, which is not in any Museum exists only in the memories of the man who gave Mikhail the coveted pot.