In the USSR, the master shot is not that much in comparison with the Directors of the Hollywood ten times less. And to go down in history with your Luggage a hundred times harder. Soviet Georgian Director Rezo Chkheidze went down in world culture, in fact, with four of his major paintings, of which really only widely known one – “the Father of a soldier”.
This picture is lucky it is called, fell into the stream. In the politically important issue of the multinational Soviet country, which the efforts of all peoples-brothers won the great war. The film was shown in national holidays of Victory and during the days of mourning for the victims, and she did not disappear from the consciousness of the masses, but the Soviet Union collapsed and the memory of the peoples-brothers. About this real brotherhood, when the country was a strong feeling of a large family, where all shoulder to shoulder was always ready to confront any trouble.
Playwright Suliko Zhgenti, who wrote the script of the movie, when they went on the fronts of world war II as a volunteer and there met her future hero – old farmer, who was in the trenches stronger than young was, like his father, willing his body to protect them from bullets. His name was Georgy Makharashvili, and this name has been immortalized in the movie “soldier’s Father”. And this role was played by Sergo Zakariadze, the great Georgian actor, who after the film’s release became the darling of the Soviet Union. This movie is about the real courage of self-sacrifice, brotherly ties and what today unsuccessfully appealing on TV various preachers about family values. The film in the most literal sense of the word turned the minds of the viewers, and in legend became the fact recorded in one of the Director received by mail: a young man came to the police to confess to the theft, explaining this act by saying that he looked “father of a soldier”, and was determined now to live honestly.
Skeptics find it hard to believe, but this movie could really help people to choose their own path in life, and not that fundamentally changed the world, but did human nature a little better, clearing it from the imposed circumstances of the husk. And when in 2014 in Tbilisi celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the “Father soldier”, directed by Rezo Chkheidze, according to the prevailing tradition, left the imprint of his hands in a “Niche immortal” Museum of theatre, music, cinema and choreography.
the Chkheidze was one of those who first settled in the audience’s consciousness of the vast country image of Georgia and forced him to fall in love millions. Georgian cinema has become one of the most beloved, we have successfully replaced the then scarce Italian, which appeared on the screens very rarely. There was some subtle relationship in the two cultures: artistry in every movement, emotion in every word, poured out in every sentence the humor and notthe usual Soviet cinema kindness of family, home, cozy. The success Rezo Chkheidze he suffered in a filmed together with Tengiz Abuladze 65-minute film “Lurdzha of Magdany”: the film was awarded Special mention at the Cannes film festival. It was an example of “Soviet realism”: the simple life of the Georgian peasants, vanity found in rocks near a dying donkey, a touching friendship between a donkey and children poor traders yoghurt, try the former owner of the donkey away from them, unfair trial and the pathetic finale of ripening in the eyes of “the grapes of wrath”. Drama, where a butt joint existed folk Comedy and folk tragedy – that the Chaplinsky “laughter through tears”.
the world festival of youth and students, rozberetesya thaw Moscow, 1957, was devoted to the second, independently loud film Rezo Chkheidze “Our yard” – is absolutely neorealist style multi-story about the residents of Tbilisi houses: each with its own character, its own plans and his own destiny. It seemed strange and bribed the lack of political pressure from advocacy: people on the screen just lived, fell in love, kissed, dreamed, did not locked the doors and hearts. For the first time on screens there was a future superstar of our cinema Sofiko Chiaureli. For the first time the Georgian capital of Tbilisi has entered the hearts of millions about the same as Moscow – after the movie George Danelia “I step through Moscow” (this note, the same Georgian school of directing, a Georgian type of consciousness, Georgian warmth of the heart in every tone!). And backyard the most natural way opened into a large, endless happy life, which seemed over the horizon.
later notable movies Rezo Chkheidze and I note we strongly advise you to watch the multi-screen version of Cervantes, “the Life of don Quixote and Sancho”, filmed in 1988, on the threshold of the collapse of the USSR and therefore little known in Russia. The film is a unique talent and an inexhaustible imagination, full of artistry and not knowing the boundaries of genre: here cinema, theatre, and animation, and puppets, and even the ballet, here the neighborhood is a purely cinematic detailed of life with a theatrical backdrop, and the routine of character, laughter and tears, innocence and philosophical wisdom.
And again made itself felt specifically international type Georgian character: Tbilisi actors blended with the Spanish entourage so natural, as if always lived there. In the role of don Quixote was made by Kakhi Kavsadze, Sancho Panza was Mamuka Kikaleishvili, Duchess – Anastasia Vertinskaya, the Barber – Leonid Kuravlev. In fantasy bobsleigh wormed even such figures as Shakespeare’s hamlet (Zurab Kipshidze). It was a Grand idea konopnicka, which included not only the textbook CojJette novel, but many of the archetypes of the world of culture, including Shakespeare, Goethe and Dostoyevsky.
the Main movies Rezo Chkheidze became world art. They are easy to find on YouTube. They should see today, not only in order to touch the great past of the art of cinema, but also to feel a continuity of cultural development of mankind, where fashions come and go, and we left a legacy of a talented, reasonable, good and eternal.