one Of the doctors in Wuhan, in the mystery of lung disease, which is categorized in city of grass are immediately: they had significantly more male than female patients. And it was also particularly bad. A first study showed a mortality rate of 2.8 per cent in the case of the sick men, compared to 1.7 percent for women.
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is swollen Since the disease by the new Coronavirus on the Covid-19-pandemic, make doctors worldwide this observation: men hits the Virus Sars-CoV-2 hardener. More to the Coronavirus
the Highest Covid-19-risk: old, sick, male
older age and pre-existing conditions are considered to be typical risk factors for a severe course in infectious diseases. This is also shown by Covid-19: The highest death risk over 80-Year-old. Chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes and respiratory diseases are independent risk factors. In addition, also the male gender as a risk amplifier must be added. All the important messages to the Coronavirus in the FOCUS Online Newsletter. Subscribe now.
many of those infected, a different course
the infection rate, it can not be. It is slightly more men than women are infected while the ratio is according to the Robert Koch-Institute, 52 to 48 percent. But that cannot explain why the Covid-19-dead is the ratio 65 to 35 percent.
Why die men Covid-19 than women? Although these question are so interested in, can only speculate as to the science at the moment, only what it is.
1) risk factor Smoking
For China, the factor “Smoking was first of all”. About 50 percent of men, but not even three out of 100 women smoke. The male lungs are damages, therefore, much more often by tobacco smoke.
In Germany and other Western countries is the gap between smokers (every fourth) and smokers (every fifth) will be much lower. In addition, we know from studies that women’s lungs are more susceptible to tobacco damage. This would indicate that more female Covid-19-victims.
The Smoking hypothesis cannot explain why in all the affected countries, more men die . More to the Coronavirus
2) risk factor health awareness
men are notorious couch potatoes, therefore, your General physical condition is often worse than the women, even in higher age. That women place more value on a healthy lifestyle, better diet and earlier medical help-seeking, could also contribute to a lower mortality rate in the case of a Coronavirus infection.
As the main cause of this presumption, however, stands on a weak Foundation. < / h3> Reported corona virus cases in Germany (click on your state)
3) risk-factor for immune system
The most likely explanation for the gender difference in Covid-19-disease lies in the immune system.
The immune system of women to cope better with many viruses. The female sex hormone Estrogen amplifies the antiviral response of the immune cells. In contrast, the male immune system responds too little, too slowly, or not at all, if it comes with the Coronavirus in contact. This is the male sex hormone testosterone, the immune response is suppressed.
surf tip: Coronavirus – What can you do to strengthen your immune system
Double-X-chromosome that makes women resistant
Many of the genes for the immune system are located on the X chromosome, which is present in women twice. Probably the control of the immune system in women is more active than in men.
This should be reflected in the antibody amount against the Coronavirus, which people during the infectious form. The corresponding investigations are underway.
The immunologist Marcus Altfeld from the Heinrich-Pette-Institute in Hamburg, is quoted by several media, with the explanation that the female immune response prevents more women develop a severe lung inflammation, which is is often stop.
After the first week of illness, the viruses multiply, the decision whether a Patient by itself is healthy, or whether Covid-19 aggravated. How fast and strong the immune system reacts in this first week on the virus, determined over the course of the disease. And since men are at a disadvantage. FOCUS-Online-action #corona care: Germany helps!
The Corona-pandemic restricts the everyday life of the people in Germany. Especially for vulnerable groups such as seniors, everyday tasks are associated with a risk of infection. Therefore, now asked for solidarity! FOCUS Online has therefore launched the campaign “#corona care: Germany helps”. With you! All of the information you find here.
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