They were inspired to go into battle and fight for victory, kept the memory of the exploits and losses. They know and sing all over the country so far. Remember the most famous songs about the great Patriotic war.
Paradoxically, this Grand March, which always sounds may 9 in every town and village of the country, has long been criticized and were not allowed to live.
In 1975, the Union of composers of the USSR announced a competition for the best song on the 30th anniversary of the Victory. Famous poet and war veteran Vladimir Haritonov wrote the lyrics, and the music was asked to create a young composer David Tukhmanov.
But the people can decide what song to love, and what not. When “Victory Day” burst “blockade” and several times performed at the concerts and on the air, they picked up the song the whole country.
the lyrics of the song that became the anthem of the defense of the Fatherland, was published in Newspapers two days after the outbreak of war. The words were written by the Stalinist laureate Vasiliy Lebedev-Kumach. Composer Alexander Alexandrov immediately wrote to them to music.
When in the autumn of 1941 the Wehrmacht was well advanced and captured Kaluga, Rzhev and Kalinin, the song was heard on Soviet radio every morning after midnight.
One of my favorite lyrical songs about the war in Russia was “the Dark night” by composer Nikita Bogoslovsky and poet Vladimir Agatov. It was written in 1943 for the film “Two soldiers”, which was filmed in the evacuation in Tashkent, capital of Uzbekistan.
the film’s protagonist, heavy Arkady Dzyubin performed by Mark Bernes sings “Dark night” guitar night in front of the dugout. Even before the release of “Two soldiers” on the screen, people’s artist of the USSR Leonid Utesov recorded the song on the record. However, it is the interpretation of Mark Bernes, featuring amazing grace, is considered a classic.
One of the most beloved songs about the war were written before the beginning of the great Patriotic war in 1940, and was sung in her on girl-partisan Civil war.
“darkie” was part of a Suite written by Anatoly Novikov and Yakov Kalugin Sudovym by order of the ensemble of the Kiev special military district. For a long time it was unclaimed. Four years later, the red banner ensemble in search of new repertoire learned by chance about the “Darkie” and included it in the concert program. The concert was broadcast on radio, and the song picked up at the front and in the rear.
a New wave of love for the song rose in 1973, when “darkie” was made famous in the movie “go To fight some old people”.
Another lyrical song about the war was one of the most frequently performed in the USSR. It was broadcast on radio, television, sang in concerts, taught music lessons in schools.
the Music was written already mentioned Anatoly Novikov and the text by Lev Oshanin. CompositionI appeared immediately after the end of world war II in 1945. Made it for a theatrical program “Spring of victory”.
this Song became really popular, was first performed in 1938. She will praise the faithful love of a simple girl to the “soldier on the far frontier”. Brilliant in its simplicity, the melody was written by Matvei Blanter, and the words — Mikhail Isakovsky.
the Song sang in the rear and at the front. There are many alternative verses of “Katyusha” composed by soldiers. According to one version, it was due the song combat vehicles and rocket artillery series “BM” Soviet soldiers were given the nickname “Katyusha”.
“it seems to Me sometimes that soldiers, with bloody not come fields, not in our land perished once and turned into white cranes” — words which appeared a lump in the throat of even the most unsentimental people.
the Dagestani poet Rasul Gamzatov wrote at Avar poem “Cranes”. It was inspired by the famous monument of the Japanese girl Sadako Sasaki, located in Hiroshima. Suffering from leukemia Sasaki was hoping that I would get better, if you make a thousand paper cranes.
the Poem caught the eye of Mark Bernes. The text made some changes, and the composer Yan Frenkel has composed the music. Bernes wrote “the Cranes” during a serious illness. This entry was the last in his life.
Interestingly, thanks to the song, the cranes became one of the symbols of the great Patriotic war. Sculptures and images of these birds appeared on monuments and stelae across the country.
In 1939 on the Soviet screens released film about the miners in the Donbass “Great life”. It sounded very catchy song with a “yard” tune “Young monogon”. During the war, soldiers were massively composed her own version of texts.
the Most famous version begins with the words: “On the field tanks rumbled, the soldiers marched into the last battle, and the young commander was carrying with a broken head.” He entered in books, feature films, has been sung countless times in a variety of musicians and became part of urban folklore.
the Informal anthem of the border and armored forces of the USSR and Russia appeared in 1939. It was first performed by Nikolai Kryuchkov in the musical film “Tractor” soon after the fighting on the Khalkhin Gol Mongolia.
According to one version, the tank crew of the song was a real prototype — the BT-7 who participated in the battles with the Japanese at lake Khasan.
This simultaneously tragic and triumphant song was written by Bulat Okudzhava for the 1971 film “Belorussian station”. In the tape of her singing to his fellow soldiers, a former frontline nurse Paradise, played by Nina Urgant.
Arrangements made by Alfred Schnittke, called “a masterpiece musically��th drama”, and the text is a brilliant description of military experience.
the song Vladimir Vysotsky wrote in the summer of 1969 for the movie “Sons leave in fight”. As recalled, the film Director Victor Turov, when the crew gathered in the evening around the campfire, he asked Vysotsky to write a song for a film about the loss of another battle:
variants of the name of the song there were many, among them: “Song about the fallen friend”, “song about a friend”, “what went wrong”. A broad audience first heard this piece in 1971, two years after its creation.
In 1939 the Polish pop band “Blue jazz”, fleeing Nazi persecution, arrived in the Soviet Union. At their concert poet and playwright Yakov Galitsky said particularly struck him the melody played by the composer and pianist jazz orchestra Jerzy St. Petersburg. The composition is so liked Galicia that during the concert he wrote her poems.
and there were “Blue scarf”, which quickly became a hit. The song was performed by many famous artists of the time: Ruslanova, Isabella St. George, Vadim Kozin.
And in the first days of the war, the poet Boris Kovynev wrote the following lines:
the Twenty-second of June,
at Exactly four hours
Kiev was bombed,
What started the war.
the Most famous was the front-line variant of a “Blue handkerchief” performed by people’s artist of USSR Claudia Shulzhenko. This version and is considered the second birth songs. To write a new text Shulzhenko suggested mitsurugi of the newspaper “the decisive battle” of the Volkhov front, Mikhail Maximov, and printed these verses was in the newspaper “For the Motherland”.
Anna Lysenko, Tatiana Malyuk