Snowdrop and company what a rare primroses appear in the capital had only

on April 19 in many countries celebrate the Day of snowdrop. In Moscow, these primroses, which in Latin are called galanthus (milk-flower) bloom in late March — April. But this winter has been unusually warm, so the snowdrops and other early flowering plants began to emerge in mid-February.

there are about 20 species of snowdrops, almost all of them in need of protection and listed in the Red book. In Moscow in vivo is found one of them is the snowdrop.

For the holiday have prepared a selection of rare primroses that grow in the capital (and which, because of isolation to watch this spring in the wild will not work).

varieties of Corydalis, herbaceous perennials, in the world few hundred. They grow in Moscow. Three species — the hollow Corydalis, Corydalis Corydalis intermediate and Marshall — city is listed in the Red book. They are found in the valleys and on the slopes of the rivers, love the light and almost not stand the competition with other herbs such as sedge hairy.

Corydalis be Distinguished from each other by the color of flowers. They have a hollow blue or dark purple, intermediate — pink and Corydalis Marshall yellow blossoms.

It is also perennial. Plant with broad round leaves and small yellow flowers you can see where people are rare, the marigold feels good on the banks of small rivers, oxbow lakes, ravines and meadows with moist soil, in swamps. But on the banks of major rivers it is almost there. By the way, the marigold swamp in favorable conditions, can grow and successfully compete with other plants in the area.

a Large part of the anemone Asherah in the capital planted artificially, but for a long time, the plant is naturalised. Justifying the name, anemone prefers mixed oak-lime and birch groves and birch with spruce. Growing in the former vegetable gardens, in Osinniki, it is found on terraces along the Moscow river. The wild anemone, the experts Mospeada, grows on the slopes of the valley of the Moscow river near the village of Sosnovka on Rublevo-Uspensky highway.

Small pale blue flowers are anemones, or Poleski, meet in dimly lit areas with spruce and other woods. It is believed that pechenocna prefers soils rich in trace elements. The plant sits uneasily with wild herbs, and the only major Metropolitan population came through the person.

Pechenocnuu can be diluted as a decorative flower, before it was used as a binder medication and substitute for tea.

This flower refers to the bean, he elongated bright green leaves and purple flowers that resemble tiny bells. Chin loves light, so dissolved before the tog�� the trees leaves appear. The plant suffers from trampling, therefore, listed in the Red book. If you believe the folk medicine, the rite of spring may relieve pain and heal wounds.

Wolf bark ordinary, despite the terrible name, the spring looks harmless enough. This is a low (not more than a meter) shrub dotted with small light pink flowers. Because of this, it is called the forest of lilacs.

In Moscow, a shrub that grows in the Park “elk Island”. Experts warn that despite the pleasant aroma, touch of flowers bark is, like berries, contain powerful venom. And in contact with mucous membranes, the juice of the plant causes severe burning.

This perennial is know as the Primula or primrose of the spring. Yellow flowers resemble a bunch of keys on a long stem. According to legend, these keys opens the spring door in the summer. In the European part of Russia in the primrose appears from April to July, grows in a mixed forest, meadows, along roads and in close proximity to extensive thickets of bushes.

Flowers used in medicine as an expectorant. Also preparations with primrose prescribed for neuralgia, beriberi and other diseases.

Lungwort is, like many other early-flowering rare plants, also have in the Park “elk Island”. Her flowers rare property — over time, they change color from pink to blue.

Scientific generic name lungwort pulmonaria is derived from Latin pulmo (the lung) and is associated with the use of plants of this kind for the treatment of pulmonary diseases. The lungwort same flower called because of the large amount of nectar. This plant is one of the earliest honey plants.

a Perennial herbaceous plant can be recognized by a long stem and small white parasol of leaves. Leek source of nutrients for animals coming out of hibernation (hence the name bow a bear).

garlic Stems collected before flowering, can be pickled, added to salads and soups. The leaves of the plant are also edible: they are mixed with cheese and used as fillings in the preparation of special Ossetian pie — gabonjin.

According to the chief specialist Mospeada Azamat Kunafina in the capital are quite a lot of rare early flowering plants.

They meet on specially protected natural territories of the capital, of which the Park “elk Island”, natural-historical Park “Moskvoretsky”, Ostankino, Sokolniki, the Bitsevsky forest and other reserves.

Found in the capital and spring flora, listed in the special Supervisory list. The population of these plants closely and try to prevent their extinction. This list includes Lily of the valley, Corydalis dense, goose onions blushing and others.

to be outdoors in the mode of isolation by using Mospeada and her project “Nature on udalenke”. It combines games, quizzes, tests, workshops, quiz and other online activity, which appear on the pages of companies in social networks, as well as interesting facts, virtual tour ecocentres and natural areas of Moscow. Users could walk around gendreau and captive to natural-historical Park “Kuzminki-Lublin”, the Ecocenter “Gory” and other places.