to Conduct this meeting online, we did not, since the main part of our organization – the elderly, for them it is difficult. And does not match this somehow with our traditions. Will meet later, will be canceled when the regime of self-isolation, – the Chairman of the Board of public organization “Zemlyachestvo molohan”, head of the Museum of Mologa region Anatoly Bugs.
the People who guard the memory of the Mologa earth, meet every year in April and August for over forty years. They come in Rybinsk from different regions of the country and even from abroad, to remember what their little homeland before it became the “Russian Atlantis.” To the unconscious as the water that engulfed their native land, not covered once their shared past. And in late summer they swim on a small pleasure boat to the place where was Mologa, and cast on the waters of the Rybinsk sea, the flowers… this year spring meeting, the organizers planned to devote to the 75th anniversary of the great Victory and malagana veterans. Were going to celebrate the only Zdravstvuy countrywoman – the participant of war: born in 1922 in Mologa Tamara Nikolaevna Kukharuk (Chirikova). COVID-19 plans were upset. I’d like to hope that not for long.
April 14 – start date “the flood” in the valleys of the rivers Mologa and the Sheksna, which was prepared starting from September 1935, when the President of the Council of people’s Commissars Vyacheslav Molotov and Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) Lazar Kaganovich signed a decree on the construction of waterworks in the district of Uglich and Rybinsk – the country was in dire need of electricity.
While the Rybinsk hydroelectric station was built (above the confluence of the Sheksna and Volga rivers), Mologa-Sheksna interfluve “cleansed” from residents who received the instruction to move to other places, from forests and buildings. The result of the great construction was the destruction of 740 settlements, including the town of Mologa, three monasteries, more than 50 churches, 80 thousand hectares of unique meadows, almost the same amount of arable land, 250 thousand hectares of forests. Something was blown up, many are simply broken and destroyed. 130 thousand inhabitants of Mesopotamia had experienced forced relocation.
“the Tragedy of displacement lasted for four years, wrote a local historian, myohanen Gennady Korsakov. – Emissaries of the NKVD in a hurry. Climbed on the roof and dismantled the stove pipe and no oven then the bread had no place to bake. Inevitably people had to leave their homes. The house was dismantled, the logs were taken to the river and rallied in the rafts. They laid floor and ceiling boards, doorframes, doors, window frames, the bricks of the stove and simple furniture.”
14 April 1941 had closed the gates of the constructed dam, and the water, encountering the barrier, began to spread in the area. Rybinsk reservoir was filled to 1947, but already in the first spring on ��capture Gennady Korsakov, in the area between the tossed birds in search of old nests, sought refuge on floating logs numerous animals and thousands were killed. Even the moose not been able to swim to land and, finding the shallows, stood on his belly in the water, as if waiting for it subside.
– There is a misconception that the Rybinsk reservoir began to fill on 13 April 1941. This date led S. N. Tchalov in his famous book “man-made sea. Notes hydrologist” – draws attention to the difference in Dating Anatoly Bugs. – However, the documentary sources tell a different story. Here is what the newspaper “Rybinskaya Pravda” a few days after the “epochal” events: “on April 14 in 15 hours and 30 minutes was closed the last flight of the Sheksna hydropower. The flow of water along the Sheksna completely stopped. Started filling of the Rybinsk reservoir”.
According to Anatoly Klopova, later in the room the same newspaper of April 29, 1941 reported: “the Filling “of the Rybinsk sea”, launched on 14 April continued. Large wetland area Mologo-Sheksna rivers, meadows and chopped down forests turned into the “seabed”.
However, the official memorial day (the day of remembrance of the Mologa) 14 April was only at the end of 2014, when the Yaroslavl regional Duma adopted the relevant law.
From the book of Paul Zaitsev’s “notes of a floodplain resident”
“of Course, the Stalinist state has shown “concern” about the immigrants. Each family received a so-called lifting cash. But the money a man could build in a new place and more room or the chicken coop… as well As in connection with the relocation of pojmanski farmers had to liquidate my cattle and all household items! No one counted, no one really knew… terrible, the great migration – the tragedy of the country, a tragedy for molohan and sexnina, tearful farewell to his mother, where for years they lived and centuries their ancestors lived…”