What do you know about the world of manned space exploration?

all in All, since flight of the first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin April 12, 1961, orbit was visited by 566 people (including 65 women) from almost forty countries.

More space flew American astronauts – 348. In second place – the USSR/Russia (123 astronaut), the third – Japan (12). The Americans before the advent of the ISS were mostly “Shuttle flights”. We have a long expedition.

566 sixth astronaut in orbit, Russian Ivan Wagner, arrived at the ISS on 9 April, the crew manned spacecraft “Soyuz MS-16”.

The first after Gagarin

the world’s First female astronaut was Valentina Tereshkova: 16-19 June 1963 she flew on the spaceship “Vostok-6” (2 days 22 hours 50 minutes). The only woman flying alone.

the First ever spacewalk was performed on March 18, 1965 cosmonaut Alexei Leonov performing a flight on the spaceship “Voskhod-2”, together with Pavel Belyaev. Leonov spent outside the ship 12 minutes and 9 seconds (the total duration of the spacewalk was 23 minutes, 41 seconds).

the First multi-seater spacecraft was the Voskhod (USSR), which on October 12-13, 1964 (24 hours 17 minutes) made its maiden flight a crew of three cosmonauts – Vladimir Komarov, Konstantin Feoktistov, Boris Yegorov.

The youngest and the oldest astronaut at the time of the launch

The young Gherman Titov (USSR). On my first flight departed at age 25 years 10 months 26 days. The flight took place on August 6-7, 1961 the spaceship “Vostok-2”.

Photo: Peter Gridin/TASS Putin said the priority of the rocket and space industry

the Oldest astronaut – John Glenn, Jr. (USA). At the time of launch of the space Shuttle Discovery (discovery) October 29, 1998 (the flight continued until November 7, 1998) he was 77 years 3 months 11 days.

Among women, the youngest, Valentina Tereshkova. At the time of launch she was 26 years 3 months 11 days.

The age – U.S. astronaut Barbara Morgan. Went in flight August 8, 2007 at the age of 55 years 8 months 12 days.

The long flights

The longest spaceflight by Russian cosmonaut-physician Valery Polyakov in January 1994 – March 1995 he worked on the Mir space station for 437 days 17 hours 58 minutes.

the World record for total length of stay of the person in orbit belongs to Gennady Padalka, who for five flights flown 878 days 11 hours 29 minutes.

The longest flight among women (328 days 14 hours) was carried out by American Christina cook while working on the ISS from March 2019 to February 2020.

the Record for total plaque among women belongs to NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson, who three flight spent in space for 665 days 22 hours 23 minutes.

records in an open space

The long output (8 hours 56 minutes) was made on 11 March 2001 with the ISS, American astronauts James Voss and Susan Helms.

Photo: Roscosmos the Hero of Russia Oleg Kononenko: the ISS is still far from perfect

the Record for the greatest number of outputs – 16 (total time of 78 hours and 48 minutes) – cosmonaut Anatoly Solovyev.

among the First women went into space, Svetlana Savitskaya (USSR) – July 25, 1984 from the station “Salyut-7” (3 hours 35 minutes). Together with Vladimir Dzhanibekov she held the first open space work on cutting, welding and soldering.

First docking of manned spacecraft

on January 16, 1969 was held the first docking of two manned spacecraft (carried out manually) – the Soviet “Soyuz-4” (started January 14, 1969, pilot – Vladithe world Shatalov) and “Soyuz-5” (January 15, 1969, the crew – Boris Volynov, Yevgeny Khrunov, Alexei Yeliseyev). The ships were in docked state 4 hours 35 minutes.

on 17 July 1975 – the first docking of two manned spacecraft of different countries “Soyuz-19” and “Apollo.”

Moon records

the First person to set foot on the moon July 21 1969, was the American astronaut Neil Armstrong. After 15-20 minutes, followed by from the lander came Edwin Aldrin.

Photo: RIA Novosti Declassified materials about the cosmonaut Alexei Leonov in open space

Armstrong spent on the moon’s surface is about 2.5 hours Edwin Aldrin – about 1.5 hours. Each astronaut has moved a distance of about 1 km, the greatest distance from the lunar module was 60 m.

The long way to the surface of the moon (7 hours 36 minutes 56 seconds) made on 12 December 1972 the astronauts of the United States, Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt. Was part of the crew of Apollo 17 (“Apollo-17”), the flight took place December 7-19, 1972

First space station in orbit

April 19, 1971 into orbit was derived first space station – Soviet “Salyut-1”. The launch was carried out from the Baikonur cosmodrome carrier rocket “proton-K”.

the international space station is a “survivor” of space orbital project: start of operation – November 20, 1998, Now her weight – 417289.