Pandemic coronavirus diverted attention from the equally important human problems. For example, control of nuclear weapons that can certainly destroy all life on earth, and even a few times. A key document in this area – the Russian-American Treaty on measures for the further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms (SNV-3). February 5, 2021 expire. The U.S. has not yet decided whether to renew it. That threatens the world in the case that start-3 will suffer the fate of the Treaty on intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF), electronic edition “Army standard” told members of the Russian-American negotiation process at SNV, chief of staff of the strategic missile forces (1994-1996) Colonel-General Viktor ESIN.
the Expert recalled that the start-3 Treaty may be extended for up to five years. This requires only the political will of the presidents of Russia and the United States. At the same time, the General said, in the conditions when Russian-American relations are at one of the lowest points since the end of the cold war, from the start-3 depends on the maintenance of strategic stability between Russia and the United States. In other words, this document works to prevent a full-scale nuclear war. The expert explained why this is so.
the fact that the start-3 Treaty not only restricts the number of nuclear warheads and carriers in the arsenals of Russia and the United States, but also “ensures the transparency and predictability of the status and development of those capacities and actions of the nuclear forces of the parties to the Treaty.”
So, the 8th article of the Treaty stipulates that “each party shall take measures to prevent unclear situations with activities associated with deployment or increased readiness of strategic offensive arms, that is required to provide advance information on such action to the other party”.
In the case that the Russian strategic missile forces brought mobile missile complexes in field position areas for teaching, it’s about the same time, Russia must inform the contract partner. Similarly, should do US for us.
Viktor Yesin gave the example of “cold” war. Whereas neither the Soviet Union nor the United States have notified each other of carrying out their exercises with nuclear forces that was prepared in secret. In conducting such exercises one side there was a nervousness among the other parties, which, fearing the risk of a surprise nuclear attack, increased readiness of their strategic nuclear forces.
In turn, these actions responded similarly and the opposing side. As a consequence, risks of unintentional or accidental outbreak of nuclear��the first war is greatly increased, said the expert.
“In particular, such a situation, and very dangerous, occurred in the autumn of 1983, when Moscow very keenly embraced large-scale military exercises in the United States real increases in the readiness of all U.S. nuclear triad. The preparation of these exercises was conducted in secret, and they started out of the blue for the Soviet Union. So painful was the reaction of Moscow, which dramatically increased the nuclear confrontation with Washington” – said the General.
as a result, the world was on the brink of nuclear war.
According to the expert, Washington is not defined, is it profitable to him to renew the start-3. Although in the US there are political forces in favor of its extension. “Many senior us military advocating for the extension of the start-3 Treaty, because it is, as expressed by the American General John Khayten, who led the 2017-2019 Strategic command of the armed forces of the United States, will allow them to get a very important glimpse of what Russia is doing in the field of strategic nuclear weapons,” – said Viktor Esin.
According to him, the States profitable start-3, since it is the year 2021 in Russia will start serial production and deployment in the army missile complexes “avant-garde” and “Sarmat”, the new submarines of the “Borey” and deeply modernized strategic bombers Tu-160M2 with a renewed nuclear weapons.
“All of these weapons fall under the scope of the Treaty start-3 and, therefore, when it is saved to be control on where they are based American inspection teams”, – said Viktor Esin.