The Museum of Moscow on the occasion of the 80th anniversary of the Battle of the capital presents the exhibition “Women in War”, dedicated to the role of Muscovites in military history.
According to official statistics, the total number of Soviet women involved in combat operations was more than 800,000 people. Muscovites were medical instructors, anti-aircraft gunners, signalmen, pilots, scouts, tankmen, machine gunners and snipers.
In the besieged capital, women had to replace men in production, transport and civil defense. By the beginning of 1942, more than 40% of Moscow workers were women and teenagers. The working day lasted for 12-16 hours, and after work, Muscovites went to dig trenches in the fields near Moscow, to be on duty on roofs at night and extinguish incendiary bombs, to eliminate fires and rubble after air raids, to pull the wounded out of destroyed houses. In the first months of the war, 69 large hospitals were opened in Moscow.
Visitors will see military letters, photographs, funerals, a homemade alphabet, children’s drawings, a stove-bourgeois, a boy’s shirt, icons. Actresses Olga and Maria Lapshina voiced the memories of the heroines of the exhibition
The exhibition is open from September 2 to October 20, according to the museum’s website.
The Victory Museum opened a new exhibition on September 1, the Day of Knowledge. The exhibition is dedicated to the beginning of the school year in wartime and tells about how the military situation affected the lives of schoolchildren and teachers, how the school education system changed during the war years, as well as what innovations of those years are relevant to this day.