And maybe that’s why more experienced colleagues Oleg skripochka (working on the ISS since September 2019) and Anatoly Ivanishin lost the right to pronounce the most important words in a festive video message from orbit.
“For all inhabitants of our planet Yuri Gagarin will always be the first, his face no difficulty to recognize everyone, and his smile will inspire a new generation of cosmonauts and astronauts – told and widely-Gagarin, smiled 34-year-old Ivan Wagner. – The Day of cosmonautics! We wish you new achievements and victories, good mood and feeling of the holiday.”
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According to the stories of those who have committed not one or two space flight, the most difficult turning point of adaptation to weightlessness, usually 3-4 days after launch. But to look out the window to see the Earth still pulls. Beginner – even more so. He could not help looking for a place where there were relatives and friends. And then look at you. From the house where the parents were. From the school where ten years went. From the city where I remember you as a student and dream of your childhood became wings.
Ivan Wagner was born 10 July 1985 in the village Severoonezhsk Plesetsk district of the Arkhangelsk region. It is 950 kilometers North of Moscow and 250 South of Arkhangelsk. Close to river Onega, which flows North and empties into the White sea. And there, in the middle taiga of Arkhangelsk – test and launch pad of acetobromo “Plesetsk”, which became known as the cosmodrome after the family of Victor and Svetlana Wagner had a son, Ivan.
And before that, at the turn of 70-80-ies, the future of these places was connected not with the space. Even before howlus geologists have discovered large deposits of bauxite – the ore for aluminium production. In 1968 began to build a mine and a residential settlement with an eye to 7-8 years to run, there is a large mining and processing (alumina) plant, and next to build a satellite town. Was approved and the name Severodonesk.
the Design capacity is 1, 1 million tons of alumina per year. Along the way to produce rare metals – gallium and vanadium. The prospect was considered the construction of the nearby new aluminum giant. And since such production is very energy intensive, it came to binding to the same site of the new nuclear power plant.
the place for the city-dreams chose from three possible sites. Then an immutable condition – Severodoneck should not have to defend from the bauxite mine more than 10-15 kilometers. According to one of the options the city could rise on the banks of the Onega. For the design of the city and most of the works come from leading institutions. Widely known in those years Lengiprogor – Leningrad state Institute of urban design – have offered to resettle arriving at the shock construction of severalsites in the five-story building with improved design and nine-storey houses “advanced” then the ninety-third series.
According to estimates, in 1985 in the new town was supposed to live 50 thousand people, and after 15 years – a hundred thousand. To Severodonecke moved to function as the administrative center of everything in the Plesetsk district of the Arkhangelsk region, and the inflow of working together with family members predicted in 135 thousand people from all over the Soviet Union.
this is a huge Project of the building was included in the plan for the next five years. And what is especially important: in addition to the Union joined in the CMEA (Council for mutual economic assistance), two more States – Hungary and Bulgaria. In response the then government in Budapest and Sofia planned to get out of Russia, so necessary for industry aluminium.
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If it went to the then image of the Arkhangelsk region as the “Union mills” could be added to the aluminum Shine. But it didn’t happen. For better or worse – only time can judge.
it so Happened that the bauxite from Arkhangelsk Poonia found a rival in Africa, in the socialist (as in those years), and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. This tiny coastal state on the Western coast of the African continent until September 1973, and remained a Portuguese colony. And at independence, began to seek new buyers for their natural resources. First and foremost, the bauxite reserves are in Guinea-Bissau reach according to various estimates, from 40 to 60 percent of the world.
For steering the Soviet economy and those who determined the course of Soviet foreign policy, African vector was preferable, and the money from the budget flowed to the North as expected, and due South. Under the bauxite from Guinea-Bissau, which brought ocean trains in the port of Nikolaev in Ukraine was elevated to a special piers and there, in Nikolaev, built alumina refinery is the largest, meanwhile the non-ferrous metals.
After the Soviet collapse, alumina refinery and port near Nikolaev were privatized, several times changed the composition of the founders and owners, and in October of 2017 moved from RUSAL to the Swiss company trader.
And what about the Russian North and the bauxite? By mid-summer 1985, when in Severoonezhsk was born the future Russian cosmonaut-123 and when I happened to be there, managed to build only half a dozen high-rise buildings. In restrictedannum the amount of bauxite ore continued to be mined. But instead of the promised production of gallium expensive and scarce vanadium opened a quarry of basalt stone in the field “Chamgore”, delivered a powerful crusher and started to produce crushed stone of different caliber and purpose.
In the village-the neighborhood of half a dozen houses operated a kindergarten and a school, which from 1992 to 2002 regularly went to the van Wagner. According to who taught him first through eighth grade Galina Vladimirovna Scaritinae – a very stubborn and determined young man.
a Neighbor of Ivan Wagner and his almost classmate Tatiana Yurieva these words confirms. Bauxite and what is happening in the quarry near the town where my father worked, was attracted to a boy much smaller than the news from the neighbors from the cosmodrome “Plesetsk” and the stories of those who were able to attend missile launches.
This explains the choice in favor of St. Petersburg “voenmech” – admission after school at the faculty of aircraft and rocket Baltiiskogo state technical University. Already there, at the undergraduate, had a craving for research, but always with applications, engineering and design output.
All this ultimately defined the current situation: we are on Earth, look at the astronauts from the bottom up, and Ivan Wagner and his colleagues at us from orbit. Do not look down, but with the understanding of the distance that separates us, and that they had to go before to be in the crew of manned spacecraft and the International space station.
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I’m not sure if the orbit of the ISS seen from space in detail those places in the North of Russia, where he was born Ivan Wagner and where he stayed in the earthly worries and anxieties eth family, childhood friends and simply fellow countrymen. But shred on the West Africa called Guinea-Bissau to get out of the window and the camera lens needs.
And let one see, to tell and show others: torn, careers plow up the earth and lunar landscapes of empty dumps around not worth the wealth that is brutally extracted.
And let yourself flowing Onega to the White sea, not knowing the trouble that took even more vulnerable Arkhangelsk river Zolotitsa. In its upper reaches, which first came on spawning salmon, is now a huge crater-a pit where the open way the diamonds are mined. Of the locals I became richer not. Diamond kings hide their faces. And space – certainly not for them.