What are the Leopoldina is?

The Leopoldina is one of the world’s oldest scientific societies, and since 2008 she is the National Academy of Sciences of Germany.

A forerunner of today’s “National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina” was founded in 1652. Its present name she received from the Emperor Leopold I., who raised them in 1687 to the Royal Academy.

Since 2008, the Leopoldina is under the patronage of the Federal President. The seat of the Academy in the East German city of Halle on the Saale. Financed is continuing to 80 percent by the Federal government and 20 percent from the state of Saxony-Anhalt.

currently more than 1500 members of the Academy were Selected on the basis of their outstanding scientific achievements. Among the most well-known Academy members in the past, researchers such as Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin, Max Planck, Maie Curie and Niels Bohr.

Who advises the Leopoldina?

In its mission statement States that the Academy “has two main aims: to advise and to represent the German scientific community in international and politicians and the Public scientifically sound”.

The Academy to policy-makers advice, regardless of economic or political interests in socially relevant issues.

However, it is expressly only as suggestions; the actual decisions are made by the policy and is responsible for. You now serve the Chancellor with their government and the Minister presidents of the 16 German länder as a basis for decision-making.

In the recent past, the advice of the Leopoldina have influenced so decisively the German climate policy.

In its mission statement, the Leopoldina also stresses the international nature of their work. About 25 percent of its members come from abroad. The Academy works closely with the relevant bodies in various countries, such as the Royal Society in the UK and the National Society of Sciences in the United States.

So the results of the research of the Leopoldina, not only in Germany but worldwide, to inform science policy.

What is the role of the Leopoldina in the Coronavirus pandemic?

in mid-April (15.04.) decides the policy, the conditions under which the Corona-relaxed measures, and public life from April 19 can be gradually returned to normal.

Chancellor Merkel had already made it clear in advance, on what scientific advice do you want to primarily relate to: “For me, a very important study, the National Academy of Sciences, the Leopoldina,” said Angela Merkel before the Easter holiday.

the novel Coronavirus SARS CoV-2 had the Leopoldina at an early stage, as in Germany, no infections had been reported.

On your advice, the policy has had limited starting in March, the public life in Germany, to slow the spread of COVID-19 in Germany. They also recommended that the test of capacity to massively expand. Currently can be tested in Germany per week, approximately half a Million people to the new Coronavirus.

Not already in the middle of March of the Leopoldina recommended “General application of the mouth – and nose protection was taken against it”. Unlike in other countries, the Wearing of masks in public spaces in Germany, neither uniformly regulated nor mandatory.

How, then, should be relaxed the restrictions, according to Leopoldina?

The national Academy, the Leopoldina recommends a step-wise operation to return to the regular school. Also, the retail sector and the restaurant could open it again, authorities and businesses to resume their traffic. If there is sufficient distance for cultural and sports activities take place again. Even trips at reasonable protective measures possible.

As a framework for the gradual return to the social norm way, names the opinion of the Leopoldina, some of the principles.

a prerequisite for the gradual return to normality, according to Leopoldina, the number of new infections stabilized at a low level that hospitals have sufficient reserve capacity. In addition, the citizens should contact the well-known Hygiene and distance measures and the public space mandatory to wear masks.

“We need to protect the health and lives of the people in Germany,” said Claudia Wiesemann from the Academy to the DW. “But we need to see our human dignity in social, cultural and economic terms on the game,” says Claudia Wiesemann.

author: Alexander friend

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