Landing first in contemporary history of Russia of the automatic station to the moon is planned in mid-October, 2021, said Roscosmos.
Earlier, the head of the Department of nuclear safety and planetology space research Institute of RAS Igor Mitrofanov said at a session of the RAS Council on the space that the launch of the landing station "Luna-25" is scheduled for October 1, 2021.
"depending on the launch date will be selected from two options of flight: duration of 4.5 days or 5.5 days. It is expected that preparatory operations on the lunar orbit takes about 5 days", – stated in the materials on the website of Roscosmos.
"Thus, the total time since the start to the landing on the moon will take about 10 days", – stated in the materials.
The last Soviet interplanetary automatic station became "the Moon-24", launched in 1976. Russia in its history has not yet sent a spacecraft to the moon.
For planting "moon-25" selected two areas in the vicinity of the lunar South pole – a primary and a backup. The first of these is located North of the crater Boguslavsky, the second — southwest of the crater Mancini.
For the success of the mission machine "Luna-25" must land in one of these areas within the ellipse 15 30 kilometers of the selected district. After landing, he will conduct a scientific study of the properties and composition of Arctic soil and measure its mechanical characteristics, explores the polar exosphere of the moon.
Earlier in the polar region, the spacecraft did not sit down. All the Soviet and American missions, as well as products from other countries has landed into temperate latitudes or near the equator.