Saint Petersburg, Moscow and the Belgorod region — best regions of Russia on quality of life, follows from the rating of regions of Russia. Among the outsiders — heavily subsidized and sparsely populated region of the Far East, Eastern Siberia and the two republics of the North Caucasus.
Analysts of the Agency “National credit ratings” (NKR) has prepared the rating of Russian regions for quality of life for the population, the survey covers the year 2019. In the ranking of the regions are ranked not according to the traditional indicators of economic opportunities and investment, and on a number of parameters influencing the quality of life of local citizens, reports owned by Gennady Berezkin the RBC.
The assessment included several criteria such as the turnover of small trade per capita (as an indicator of demand), availability of real estate, employment, size of savings, availability of teachers and doctors. The standings were also the climatic conditions of the area, and to exclude the excess of separate indicators, for example in the provision of social infrastructure in terms of each person, take into account the amendment to the share living in the region.
For some indicators (climate) regional authorities are not in a position to influence, but others directly in their area of responsibility, said in the NKR. To assess the regions were taken into account data of Rosstat, Federal tax service and Central Bank.
The rating yet captures the welfare level of Russians before the “coronaries”, it is planned to update it annually.
The highest scores received a rating of St.-Petersburg and Moscow, Moscow, Belgorod, Voronezh and Tyumen region, as well as oil-rich Khanty-Mansi Autonomous district and Krasnodar Krai.
The loss of Moscow and St. Petersburg the first place is largely due to low levels of capital (1 point) the parameter of sufficiency of public housing. For example, the same rate as in the provision of housing in the regions, who took not the first place, Chechnya, Ingushetia, and Tuva. Degrades the performance also infill development, the jumble of high-rise buildings in the immediate vicinity of the administrative borders of the city. The inhabitants of these houses, formally living in the suburbs, most of the time spend in Moscow, said in the NKR.
According to the head of group of ratings of the authorities of the NKR Andrei Piskunov, a significant level of economic development of a territory, region or Republic is a necessary but not a defining condition for a high quality of life of Russians.
“Raw single-product regional economy can provide quite high rates of gross regional product per capita, but not with��to give a sufficient number of jobs and additional processing facilities in the region, he said. In this case, the nominal indicators of economic development of regions will be high, but will not reflect the real level of welfare of citizens”.
At the same time for the suburbs from the point of view of quality of life the presence of a dominant metropolis plus, it promotes the deep integration of the regional economy in the Metropolitan business processes.
“Many major retailers are technically located in the region, while the bulk of the buyers out there are residents of the capital,” said Piskunov.
Unexpected in the ranking looks like third place Belgorod region, which in its development has made a choice in favor of agriculture. She has the highest score in the provision of housing, excellent results in the retail turnover and the level of savings among the population. An important contribution to its rating made and the climatic factor: the climate region, and Krasnodar Krai, refers to the first zone, in contrast, for example, a bit lagging in Voronezh region.
The worst regions in Russia for the life of the steel of the Republic of Tuva, Karachay-Cherkessia, Altai, the Jewish Autonomous oblast, Kalmykia, Ingushetia and Khakassia. The ten lagging behind also in Mari El Republic of Buryatia and the Kurgan region. Tuva and Altai KCR main causes of the appearance among the outsiders were extremely low consumer spending, large arrears citizens on loans and the low level of deposits compared to the average salary in the region.
Tuva and Karachay-Cherkessia together more and the poor provision of social, cultural and other institutions, as well as low housing affordability relative to income.
According to Rosstat, in the past year, the level of poverty (share of population with incomes below subsistence minimum) in Tuva was the highest in the country, or 34.7% of the population. KCR he is 23,2%, in Republic Altai — 24,2%, almost twice the national poverty rate (12.3 percent).
In Ingushetia, the extremely low official employment, this speaks to the large scale of the shadow economy. Such employment is considered the NKR as a negative, as compared with the official employment does not grant workers need legal protection, and income of residents is subject to considerable fluctuations.
Outsiders and the winners were predictable, said the Deputy Director of the Center for macroeconomic analysis and short-term forecasting (CMASF) Vladimir Salnikov. At the same time, the scientist surprised a high place in the rating of the Voronezh region. Adequate the findings of the study was considered and the Director of the Center for regional poliTiki Ranepa Vladimir Klimanov.
“Almost all regions that are depressed, including old industrial located in the European part are in the lower half of the rankings,” said Klimanov.