Electrolytes are a group of minerals that have special functions. When they are dissolved in a liquid, they break down into particles, some of which are positively charged and some of which are negatively charged. They can then conduct electricity and transmit information between nerve cells.

In order for our body to function optimally, it is important that there are sufficient electrolytes. In this article, you will learn what symptoms occur when there is an electrolyte deficiency and how you can prevent it.

Electrolyte deficiency symptoms can vary greatly and often depend on the type and degree of deficiency. We will tell you below how you can tell if you have too few electrolytes. In another article we will also tell you why electrolytes are particularly important when exercising.

An electrolyte deficiency, especially a deficiency of magnesium or potassium, can lead to muscle cramps. These minerals are important for muscle contraction and relaxation. If they are missing, muscle cramps can occur.

Electrolytes such as sodium and potassium are essential for energy production in cells. A lack of these electrolytes can lead to tiredness and general exhaustion because the cells cannot function optimally.

Headaches can also occur when the body does not have enough electrolytes. An imbalance of electrolytes in the body can lead to dehydration, which in turn can cause headaches.

Low sodium levels in the blood can cause dizziness. Sodium regulates fluid levels in the body, so a deficiency can lead to low blood pressure and thus dizziness.

Electrolytes such as potassium and magnesium are essential for the functioning of the heart muscle. A deficiency in these electrolytes can lead to irregular heartbeats or other cardiac arrhythmias.

Other symptoms of electrolyte deficiency include stomach problems such as nausea and vomiting. If the electrolyte balance is disturbed, this can affect normal digestion and lead to discomfort.

Electrolytes also play a role in the normal functioning of the nervous system. A deficiency of these important minerals can lead to confusion, memory problems or difficulty concentrating.

An electrolyte imbalance can lead to life-threatening conditions such as cardiac arrhythmias or seizures. We have already listed the common symptoms of electrolyte deficiency for you. It is therefore important to look out for the signs of electrolyte deficiency early on and act accordingly.

To replenish your electrolyte levels, you should make sure you eat a balanced diet. Foods such as bananas, nuts, spinach or avocado contain many important electrolytes. Special electrolyte drinks can also help to quickly restore your electrolyte levels. This can be particularly useful after exercise, when you have sweated a lot. You can also replenish your electrolyte needs after diarrhea or vomiting with the help of electrolyte drinks.

Various factors can deplete the body of electrolytes, such as excessive sweating, diarrhea, vomiting or intense exercise. An unbalanced diet or certain medications can also lead to electrolyte deficiency.

The recommended daily intake of electrolytes depends on various factors such as age, gender and physical activity. Based on scientific data, the German Nutrition Society (DGE) recommends the following reference values ​​as intake recommendations for adults:

By Laura Carstens

The original of this article “Constantly tired? When a dangerous electrolyte deficiency could be the cause” comes from FürSie.