This approach is to concentrate the main efforts of regulatory and Supervisory authority for verifying those entities that are potentially the most dangerous, explained “RG” in the Federal Agency for transport supervision. Criteria – probability of occurrence of the emergency event and the severity of the consequences for the life and health of citizens and the environment. That is, this model aims to identify potential dangers before the accident happens. “Application of a risk-based approach could radically affect the approach to the monitoring of compliance with legislation by entrepreneurs-owners”, – said the Agency.

the Frequency of inspections of the vessel or floating facility is proposed to appoint on the basis of risk assessments of the violations of the mandatory requirements on the ship. That is, the higher the risk – more often check. Risks, in turn, will be determined by accrued points. Here, first of all, plays the role of the age of the vessel. For example, if it is from 6 to 15 years, will award 10 points, and if from 16 to 25 years − 15 points and so on.

Also will take into account the number of detentions of the ship for the previous year and the number of violations of mandatory requirements revealed during the inspections in the previous year.

the Scores are summed. But the amount of are not used to assess the technical condition of the vessel. All ships will break into groups by level of risk. To vessels high risk include those with total points risk assessments which more than 50, and small – less than or equal to 20. Risk assessment for each ship will be automatically reviewed by the validation results.

as a result, the court of high risk will be checked after two months from the date of completion of the last inspection, the average degree – after four months and a small risk – after one year from the date of completion of the last validation.

Under other equal conditions, first check the ship, which is the sum of scores risk assessments and more. Provided and unscheduled inspections, for example after accidents with the vessel.

As noted in Rostransnadzor, on the average, there are about 60 Maritime accidents and 4 accidents on the inland waterways. From 2008 to 2019 at sea occurred 718 accidents killed 301 people, 26 people suffered serious injuries, sank 37 ships. Of the total number of 337 accidents were wearing navigational in nature – grounding, collision, touch the ground or submerged object.

the Main causes of navigational accidents in the Department called shortcomings in the navigational watch and the navigation service on ships not accounting for the hydro-meteorological characteristics of the area of navigation and even navigation errors. First of all, accidents involve human factor, recognize in Rostransnadzor. Almost all emergency cases yavwere eaten by the result of the failure by the crew or the shipowner of the normative documents regulating the safety of navigation.

Check recognizes the Director of the National Association of pilotage organizations (NOLO) Viktor Riabokon. The audit should identify the objective technical condition of the vessel – the condition of the steering group, tracking, determining places, communications and other parts of the vessel. It is also important to assess and training of the crew. “The difficulty is to find the rational between redundancy and adequacy of inspections,” Riabokon said. The risk – based campaign is justified. “If the vessel has multiple accidents in the same crew-it speaks to the level of training of these people,” – gives an example.