for More wealthy Russians are more likely to exhibit a desire first to save money, and then spend. But even among them the proportion of those who puts only what is left after all necessary purchases amounted to 50%
Proper savings behavior, only 18% of Russians, according to a study of the analytical center NAFI (there RBC).
This part of the population receiving income, first trying to delay a certain amount and then spend money on everyday needs. A much larger part of the Russians goes exactly the opposite: 39% first spend money on current needs, and save what remains.
the Study revealed a correlation between literate savings behavior and wealth of the household. With income growth the share of those who first puts, and then spends, growing from 12% in the poorest, up to 28% of those who can afford to buy a car, an apartment and a dacha. However, the share of those who at first spends and then think about the savings also increases from 13% among those who do not have enough products to 50% from the most affluent.
At the same time, family size and the proportion of correctly saving showed an inverse correlation: the most common first save money single working pensioners and single men up to 40 years — 27% and 25% respectively. The proportion of respondents from families with one and two children constituted 19% and 20% respectively. Least likely to save money to start spending on current needs single women with one child — 15%.
the Survey was carried out in may, and was attended by 1,600 people aged 18 years, of the 136 cities in 50 regions of Russia.
Previously, analysts Nielsen found that the proportion of low-segment sales of food and consumer goods in may increased from an annual rate of 16.9 to 17.7%. Russians began to buy more cheap mayonnaise and pasta. The trend has been meat, fruit juices, water and tea. The share of sales of the same products in the premium price segment decreased by 2-4%.
According to the Institute “development Center” higher school of Economics, the fall in the real disposable cash incomes of Russians in the second quarter of 2020, even taking into account the implementation of anti-crisis measures of support of the population, would be 18% compared to the same period last year.
Without taking any anti-crisis measures, according to their calculations, the real disposable income of the population could collapse in the second quarter of 2020 to 21.8% in annual terms. However, state support of the population and business in the framework of three government packages will reduce a fall of 3.8 p. p. Evaluation of the HSE, the fall in real disposable income almost coincides with the forecast of the Institute of research and examination on the web. Russia, which involves a contthe amount increased by 17.5% in the second quarter of 2020, but economists are slightly more optimistic of the Corporation for annual outcome indicator, predicting a reduction of 6.5% by the end of 2020.