Airports are making another attempt to avoid paying compensation to the owners of the property, which will be within the boundaries of paartronic territories. International Association of airports is proposing to shift some of the burden on the airlines, forcing them to pay for noise reduction measures. Other options include the creation of the Fund, money which, in addition to airport operators and carriers would be sent to the budgets of different levels. Experts believe that in conditions of shortage of budget funds expenses in any case will fall on the airlines and then passengers.International Association of airports (IAA) insists that the airline took part in covering the costs associated with the delineation of paartronic territories (PAT). The Association has sent to the Analytical center (AC) under the government’s proposal to amend accordingly the draft resolution of the Ministry of transport on the order of defining the boundaries PAT. Now this project is discussed in ATS.The project requires that airport operators compensated for the material damage to the owners of real estate to PAT. Formally, such a duty airports arose in 2017, but the compensation was not paid because the PAT is not defined. The biggest subzone PAT seventh, its boundaries must be determined by the level of noise from aircraft. The compensation directly depends on the size of PAT, but for major airports could reach tens of billions of rubles.MAA proposes to divide the seventh subzone into two circuits. Circuit “A”, which will be determined from the equivalent noise level of 45 decibels, will allow the operation of existing housing and other facilities subject to the anti-noise measures. While new housing will be impossible to build. In circuit “B” located closer to the airfield (maximum noise level 60 decibels), it is proposed to prohibit, even have already started construction. According to MAA, to indemnify the holders of the objects should be the owner of the airfield, that is, the state of the FSUE YEAH. And the cost to conduct the anti-noise measures it is proposed to charge airlines to include it in the fee for take-off and landing.The Executive Director of the International Association of airports Sergei Nicotine told “Kommersant” that is one of the solutions to the problem.”We believe that the cost of creating anti-noise infrastructure and compensation to property owners for paartronic territories must be shared by all participants in the process. In our view, it would be logical to create a Fund, which, in particular, would form GK ATM (responsible for air navigation.— “B”) and the airline. Perhaps we should include a budget component, which will come from Federal or regional budgetV”,— he said. The Association believes that the operator of the airport, which is the lessee of state-owned airport infrastructure, should not bear the burden of the costs after the final determination of the boundaries of the PAT, since it is not their beneficiary.The Ministry had forwarded the questions of the “Kommersant” in the Ministry of transport, which said that the draft resolution is being agreed with the Federal bodies of Executive power. In GK ATM not comment on the situation.In Domodedovo say that today to estimate costs is not possible due to the lack of normative-legal acts to determine the procedure for establishing the subzone. “Not defined and calculation of the cost of noise events”,— said at the airport. Vnukovo supports the initiative of the IAA provided that the money will be used for compensation of losses to land owners. “In the opinion of the management of Vnukovo, the cost of creation of anti-noise infrastructure needs to take on developers who are engaged in the erection of construction objects on the territory peertranet. The funds may be spent for these purposes if all apartments in the house sold, and the Builder to find is not possible”,— said at the airport.In S7 they say that this additional cost the carriers at least partially will be forced to shift to the passenger. “In our view, neither the airline nor passengers should not take on this burden,”— said in the S7. In Smartavia believe that the costs of noise protection infrastructure should assume a state which in the face of municipalities engaged in urban development policy: “the ticket Prices can grow. We will have to do it in one form or another, putting this component in the rates. Now it is impossible to answer as prices rise, no figures, evaluating the creation of anti-noise infrastructure, not represented”.Executive Director of the Agency “AviaPort” Oleg Panteleev says that even in case of failure of the government to make concessions to airports, part of the cost of the creation of anti-noise infrastructure will still fall on the carriers, the airport operators have no one else to shift the new costs. The expert stressed that now, in the conditions of a pandemic and limit flights to an additional increase of the financial burden will negatively affect the industry.Herman Kostryns’ka