“Despite the tight schedule, all the initiatives were developed by the relevant committees of the state Duma, was discussed the political factions, all of them agreed in the need to support them”, – said the speaker of the state Duma Vyacheslav Volodin, summing up an action-Packed plenary day. This is important because we are talking about support people in the current situation, he said.
Escape from quarantine: penalties and time
Most high – profile amendments on sanctions for violations of quarantine and other sanitary regulations. As previously stated by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, some people show a rare levity in regard to the safety of others and their own health. For them and we need sanctions, prepared by the Cabinet. If the quarantine was broken by a citizen, it will be fined in the amount of 15 thousand to 40 thousand rubles. Guilty official – a fine will be from 50 thousand to 150 thousand rubles. For legal entities – from 200 thousand to 500 thousand rubles.
the Penalty is increased if the violations resulted in harm to human health or death. In this case, citizens will be fined in the amount of 150-300 thousand rubles; officials – 300-500 thousand rubles, and individual entrepreneurs and legal entities – 500 thousand – 1 million rubles.
the Head of the Duma Committee on state construction and legislation Pavel Krasheninnikov explained that in the context of a pandemic such violations are a great danger for the population. If the violation is a citizen of quarantine or other sanitary-epidemiological rules will have consequences in the form of mass disease people or death of one or more persons, then such offender will have to apply criminal provisions with sanctions up to 7 years of imprisonment. The bill introduced Volodin and Krasheninnikov, passed at once in three readings. From the administrative provisions, this rule will differ by the presence of signs of a crime. There or not, will determine the law enforcement agencies and the court.
What are the laws come into force in April
In case of an outbreak of mass diseases or poisoning of people, the court may impose a fine from 500 thousand to 1 million rubles. It is also possible deprivation of liberty for a term up to three years. If the violation caused the death of a person by negligence, the penalty can be from 1 to 2 million rubles and imprisonment up to five years. Up to seven years in prison if the violation of the requirements you killed two or more people.
If you compare with foreign analogues, the proposed measures are more liberal, said Vyacheslav Volodin. As Pavel Krasheninnikov has noticed an important caveat in the approved amendments is talking about the “guilt by negligence”. “If it’s specially made, it will be another qualification, he explained. – It will either qualify as terrorism, or vandalism, or sabotage.”
Viral fakie: do not lie, do no harm
Part of amendments to the criminal code deals with the punishment for dissemination of false information about the threat to life and health circumstances. Including, for example, information about the coronavirus.
Criminal liability for such acts, entailing serious consequences, intended to apply to individuals. Legal entities also face administrative responsibility with increased sanctions in the administrative code, said Pavel Krasheninnikov.
– the problem of the proliferation of fakes on the Internet is particularly deteriorated after the start of the pandemic coronavirus, – said the MP. False information spreads at lightning speed, leads to panic, desorientiert citizens, causing them direct psychological damage and prevents being taken in the country measures to prevent the situation from worsening.
so fake about the circumstances that threaten the life and security of citizens, or what measures will be punished by a fine from 300 thousand to 700 thousand rubles. Possible restriction of freedom up to 3 years. If fake inflicting harm to human health, the penalty could rise to 1.5 million rubles, and in the case of death – up to 2 million rubles. It is also possible imprisonment for up to 5 years.
the proliferation of fakes on the coronavirus citizen will face a fine from 300 thousand to 700 thousand rubles or three years in prison
in Parallel, the approved administrative penalty for the same kind of fakes for legal entities in the amount of 10 million rubles.
It’s not just about lying about the spread of disease, but also about disasters, natural or other disasters. And it is about cases where the person is aware of the incorrect information highlighted Krasheninnikov.
Not too severely punished to 5 years in prison for the fake of coronavirus? This question journalists asked Vyacheslav Volodin. “You know, sometimes words not only hurt, but killed, – said the speaker. – Let’s assume that the situation with which we are faced are unprecedented. The whole world is struggling with these challenges. As for punishment, in all other countries it is already taken. We will cherish each other, to do everything not to harm, then there is no need to go through the courts to answer for their actions”.
the New right government: a state of emergency, support of business
the state Duma also adopted, and the Federation Council approved a comprehensive law that gives the government additional powers in connection with the pandemic coronavirus. Including the government will have the right to declare a state of emergency and high alert throughout the country or a part of it. At the same time the Cabinet gets the right to establish binding rules of conduct with the introduction of these modes.
in addition, the speech in the document goes about the support of citizens and businesses. Among the measures – a moratorium on the initiation of bankruptcy when a “viral” force majeure. This will give you the opportunity to save the company, said the head of the Duma Committee on security Vasily Piskarev. In addition, proposed to waive inspections of small businesses. Such a measure is necessary to predprinimately not waste strength and resources on these issues, said the head of the Committee. The Cabinet will also be able to provide a deferral of taxes.
the regional Authorities will support the business in terms of coronavirus
in Addition, the government will be entitled in the event of emergencies or threats of dangerous diseases to limit wholesale and retail trade in medicines and medical devices for a period of not more than 90 days. This measure, according to Vasily Piskareva, aimed at excluding the possibility to create artificial scarcity. This sin citizens and organizations who buy a popular medication and medical device for the purposes of resale, said the MP.
the bill Also provides for the easing of regulations on procedures for public procurement that are particularly relevant for hospitals.
the Amendments also dedicated to helping operators and tourists, who for reasons beyond their control are unable to return to the country. It is envisaged the possibility of providing such material assistance to the Russians in compensation for incurred costs said the Piskarev. The funds will be taken from the funds of the personal liability of operators according to the decision of the Russian government.
Support for citizens: benefits and sick leave in the amount of minimum wage
Separate amendments on the support of citizens in the conditions of a pandemic – was prepared on the instructions of the President. To the minimum wage (SMIC) will increase sick pay in the period from 1 April to 31 December inclusive. The amendments will help to improve the financial situation of about 2.3 million working Russians.
Federation Council approved the laws on punishment for violation of quarantine
“we Need to support those who were injured or lost their jobs,” – said earlier the head of thof state in his televised address to the Russians. He said that now pay for the sick depends on the worker’s employment and his salary. As a result, payments to workers can be low. “It certainly unfair,” – said Vladimir Putin. According to the text of the initiative if the allowance in calculation for full calendar month below the minimum wage, it rises to its level. Note that the minimum wage in Russia in 2020 is 12 thousand 130 roubles. Thus, payment for sick leave during a standard 14-day quarantine should be no less than 5 660 thousand rubles. When talking about full employment, of course.
the bill is another rule: October 1, recipients of monthly payments in the case of birth (adoption) of the first or second child are exempt from the obligation to apply for the appointment of the said payments for the new term. As earlier instructed by the President, the families entitled to maternity capital, will be obtained within 3 months of 5,000 rubles for each child under the age of three years.
vacation Credit: up to six months
On the support of citizens and business are directed the project “anti-virus” package – provision of credit vacation. The document passed a second reading, the third is scheduled for Wednesday. Deferment is available to individuals, entrepreneurs, and small and medium businesses affected by the pandemic.
According to the head of the Duma Committee on Anatoly Aksakov Finance, citizens and businesses will be able to contact the lender with the requirement to set holidays for up to six months. It can be done if the income of the citizen for the previous month decreased in comparison with the average monthly income of last year by 30 percent or more. “This is a grace period that is established for the borrower can defend by day requirement for 30 days on home loans and 14 days for consumer loans,” – said the MP. The Bank or other credit institution should consider the applicant’s appeal within five daysher. To apply including by phone. The documents confirming that the borrower actually decreased revenue, he may submit within 90 days after treatment.
Inspection: other rules
In the course of considering the omnibus bill has been added to a number of important regulations. One of the amendments – is the period of the entry into force of the law on photographic images of the inspection – instead of 7 June 1 March 2021-th. This is also done on the background of the situation with the spread of the coronavirus. At the same time changing the term of inspection. According to the current order, pass it every two years have cars from 3 to 7 years, once a year – older than 7 years. Fully from the procedure are exempt vehicles under three years old. According to the new amendments fully from passing the MOT exempt vehicles less than four years. If the year of the car has been from four to ten years, the inspection must be held every two years. Every year this procedure shall be subjected to cars older than 10 years.
Buses must be equipped with tachographs by the end of April
Summing up the consideration of the laws the speaker of the upper house of Parliament Valentina Matviyenko said that the Federation Council intends to continue working online until the situation requires it with the coronavirus. “And business, and people are now waiting for real support from the government, such concerted action is a sign of adequate, healthy state of the system,” she said. The head of the Federation Council also intends to send a request to the government to lift the ban on the import of test systems to check for coronavirus and cancel the license for production of medical masks and antiseptics.
Matviyenko said that on Thursday, April 2, the senators will re-convene in plenary to continue legislative work on the implementation of measures to combat coronavirus.