Japan did it already longer, now it is official: the whale hunt. The country since Sunday is not part of the International whaling Commission (IWC), and must therefore keep to the Moratorium, the marine mammals protection. For Japan it means that it is no longer necessary to hide the whaling under the guise of research. Being hunted in the Antarctic, but to the own coasts.
227 whales has to give the Ministry of Fisheries free of the “scientists” were, respectively, succumbed to 330 whales. On the death list 25 SEI whales, 52 minke whales and 150 Brydewale are. As threatened with extinction, the SEI whale, 50 applies’000 copies there should be, according to the censuses yet. The stocks of the other two species are stable or even increasing.
The hunt could change the Ecosystem
it’s True, how Japan propagated, that the whale is not a Problem? Holger Auel, a marine biologist at the Marine Ecology Center for Research at the University of Bremen, put in perspective. Whether hunting dangerous animals, depends on two factors. First, the reproduction rate of a species: In mammals is generally low. The SEI whale, for example, every two or three years to bring a young animal to the world. In comparison to fish, millions of eggs to create a snail’s pace. In addition, other causes of death must be kept in mind: whales are collisions with ships or be killed by disease there. In order not to endanger the whales, the catch rate so far below their rate of reproduction.
Secondly, it depends on whether you have the global or local populations in view. “It may be that a global stock could tolerate the hunting, a local but not.” The hunt could cause populations to become extinct in certain areas – which would change the Ecosystem completely. And history shows that depleted stocks take decades to regenerate. Certain species and populations of the whaling orgies of the 20th century. Century and not recovered until today. However, the hunt in the face of Overfishing, noise pollution, and climate change is the greatest threat to marine mammals.
Denmark and Norway the battles most of the whales
however, If sustainable, would be hunted – so if the catch rate is far below the reproduction rate, then nothing to speak from a scientific point of view fundamentally opposed to whaling. Whether it is ethical and economically do, however, is a different question. The Japanese whaling, however, is hardly business, but the return to traditions.
What is going on in the heated discussion of whaling often forget: Japan is the most dangerous Nation for whales, but Denmark. The Autonomous Faroe Islands around 800 whales to be slaughtered. Still more whales the Norwegian government, respectively, for the hunt: 1278 animals per season. In Norway last year, but only 434 of the animals actually were killed, shows Also traditions may become extinct.
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