In the necropolis of the Donskoy monastery to renovate the historic stone tombs, who lived in the XVIII — early XIX centuries. We are talking about the monuments to the poet Vasily majkova, brothers Basil and Peter from a noble family Baskakova, as well as the noblewoman Elizabeth Baryshnikova. Works plan to finish by the end of 2021.
According to him, over the years on the tombstones have cracks and chips, the precipitation washed away the foundations of pedestals. During the work experts will clear all surfaces, strengthen the ground, to close up cracks and chips, All the monuments will cover antiseptic and water-repellent coating to protect them.
So, restorers will clean the Cenotaph of the famous Russian poet, fabulist and playwright Basil Maikova (1728-1778). The writer was buried in the cemetery of the Donskoy monastery, but where exactly — is unknown. So in 1952 he set up a symbolic monument. It is located on the site of the family burial khovanskikh, some of the tombstones of members of this noble family survived to our days. They can be seen near the symbolic grave of the poet.
the memorial in honor of Mike was made in the form of the altar of black gabbro-diabase (one of the varieties of volcanic rocks). This is a stone pedestal with a high plinth and a pediment, surmounted by a vase. To the Cabinet adjacent flower garden, made of the same material. In 2016, the monument was badly damaged by the hurricane. On him fell the tree, the flower broke away from the pedestal, and the vase broke. Monument to Vasily Mikova located in the Central part of the necropolis close to the Grand Cathedral. During the restoration it will be restored according to archive documents and photographs.
And in the southern part of the necropolis of the Donskoy monastery, near the Small Cathedral, is a memorial. It was erected in the late XVIII century in honor of major-seconds Vasily Baskakova (1765-1794) and Lieutenant Peter Baskakov (1769-1794). Brothers died with a difference of four months. The eldest was 29 years old and the youngest is 25.
At the base of the monument, which symbolizes mount Calvary, bears a memorial inscription: “Under stone SIM buried body Baskakova: superdry Deposit motherly love”. The main part of the monument is a tree with severed branches. Similar memorials are rare. According to experts, they are mounted on the grave of the last representative of the genus in the male line after the death of which generic branch suppressed. The historic appearance of the monument is almost completely preserved to the present day, only damaged the inscription on it.
There, in the southern part of the necropolis, is now a headstone to be restored. It is installed on the grave born in 1772. Elizabeth was the wife of a nobleman Ivan Baryshnikov, a wealthy landowner and owner of the manors in Smolensk province. The marriage produced 13 children, six of whom died in infancy. Elizabeth Baryshnikov died March 27, 1806 in the 34th year of life, six months after the birth of the 13th child.
the Monument is made of red quartzite in the form of a stele. It was created based on. On one side you can see a bronze relief depicting a scene of farewell to the deceased family. The ancient Greek God Chronos, who personifies time, takes the woman to the realm of the dead. Mother and wife escorted crying children, grieving husband and family. On the pedestal there is a white stone slab on which is carved the epitaph. It reads:
“a tender Wife and true friend,
the Mother, who devoted his life to his children,
Leave the light in blooming years,
Mourn husband and seven children.”
the monument is Crowned with a sculptural composition made of grey marble. It depicts two cupids (putti) with funeral urn. The monument is preserved in a satisfactory condition. The relief lost one baby figure, also has damage at the marble sculpture of the tombstones.
by the end of 2021 in the necropolis of the Donskoy monastery plans to restore Among them the memorials in the honor of the military and participants of defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855 by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1829-1875), Prince Nikolaus Vyazemsky (1814-1881) and other members of the nobility and intelligentsia, figures of culture and science, who lived at different times.
basically, the memorials made in the form of crosses, columns and sarcophagi of Sandstone, limestone and gabbro-diabase. All the tombs are This means that their original appearance can not be broken, and the reconstruction is performed only with consent from the Department of cultural heritage project.
work on the restorationand artistic gravestones at the necropolis of the Donskoy monastery are conducted 2011. In just eight years, was restored 117 monuments.
In the necropolis of the Donskoy monastery, the largest extant Moscow necropolis of the XVIII–XX centuries, are the family graves of the noble dynasties, in particular. Also there lie the famous people, figures of science and art.
the Donskoy monastery was founded in 1593. It is located near the old Kaluga road in a South-westerly direction from the Central part of Moscow. The monastery got its name in honor of Donskoi icon of the Mother of God, the procession which is held during the battle with the troops of Khan Kazi-Girei.