the Urgent and vital work performed in the Crimea, a few hundred soldiers – in a matter of days has built a pipeline, through which is solved the problem of water supply of Simferopol. How to construct units, who were assigned this task and how they carried out their work under the siege of Leningrad and in Afghanistan?
Surrounded by the sea, the Peninsula has always had problems with water (fresh, of course). And when Ukraine established near the border Kalanchak a dam, blocking the North-Crimean canal, which provided 85 percent of Crimea’s needs in irrigation, the situation has worsened.
And now, it seems, the problem was able in some measure to decide the dormancy of crainie for Simferopol – due to mobile water, which quickly established Russian pipeline troops. The last of them, stretching almost 60 kilometres, energized water Taganskogo of the Simferopol reservoir in the Belogorsk region of Crimea. As the head of the region Sergey Aksenov, a day will peregonets to 50 thousand cubic meters of water.
Separate pipeline battalion of the
In the Crimea with fresh water is really a problem, especially in dry summers, after winters with little snow and no rain. In the tap-water in Simferopol flows (albeit sometimes intermittent), but mostly sometimes it is not enough for irrigation of farmland. Such problems, by the way, peculiar and for many other southern regions of Russia where there are seasonal shortages in water supply.
It should be noted that the Crimea as a whole from the ceiling of the channel, which made the Peninsula of technical water of the Dnieper river, only a few minor injuries – it was used in the North-East, in the arid steppes. The fertile South is provided by its system of reservoirs, but not all of them are connected to each other, to be able to transfer water as necessary.
A similar situation now exists with the Simferopol reservoir, which notably became shallow and the capital of the Peninsula threatened to remain without life-giving water. In the near reservoir, Ciganskom, water is and the distance is small, a little over 50 kilometers, but the buckets, as they say, will not be applied. That is why the local government turned for help to the defense Ministry. And those promptly responded to this request, good possibilities there.
To fight the drought was attracted by a separate pipeline battalion of the southern military district and the specialists of the engineering service of the Western military district. In a special operation involved more than 300 soldiers and more than 140 units. “Division logistics southern and Western military districts have mounted more than 50 kilometers of pipeline in one liniu that connected Taganskoe and Simferopol reservoir, the total length of the conduit will be more than 60 kilometers. After the construction of the water it will pump mobile pumping station”, – said the press service of the Ministry of defense.
It was a special operation SBM (pipeline troops) – is the Ministry of defence and such, maybe not famous and are not as popular as the airborne or Marines, but very popular. In every military district there are several separate pipeline brigades, battalions and companies. Their number is not large, no more than 3,000 troops, with their continuous operation, are lines of field pipelines with a total length of over 2,000 kilometers.
Experience the siege of Leningrad
For the most part SBM provide pumping fuel at the airfield, army & Navy stores, but the pipes they are pipes – if necessary, and water for him to chase. The speed of construction collapsible pipelines up to 100-120 miles per day, which is allowed now so quickly “throw the branch” water in the Crimea. The first train from the mainline pipes arrived on the Peninsula on 12 July and two days later the pipeline was already assembled and in the coming days for him to Simferopol will run the water.
“Pipeline troops – are real hard workers, they were like ants doing their invisible, but the global work – says a veteran of the Afghan war Colonel Gennady Shorokhov. In Afghanistan, they put a huge amount of pipes, thousands of kilometers alone from Termez to Kabul through the Salang pass is worth. I had to contact their command security “threads”, which the Mujahideen tended to take off, so that the work of “Solarium,” as they were called, saw with their own eyes. It is not the hose in the country to deploy and enable the tap for watering.
Stretching the tube in the mountains is difficult due to terrain, elevation, complexity of hardware, and still need to drive the fluid, to provide pressure to the pipeline and pumping stations. It is clear that in the Crimea now, to stretch the tubing a little easier than in combat, but given the pace of the task, it is also a feat.”
From the exploits of these troops (they had previously called pipeline part) and an example of their work during the great Patriotic war. A well-known fact that during the siege of Leningrad worked in the city defense companies, were issued ammunition, mines and even tanks. CHP was producing power. How? On the “Road of life” in winter and on boats and barges under continuous enemy fire during navigation is the amount of fuel to carry was impossible.
It turns out that in April 1942 it was decided t-bills laying on the bottom of the Ladoga��on lake pipeline to ensure uninterrupted supply of the city, the front and fleet fuel. A month and a half were collected, the line length of 29 kilometers, of which a large part were laid under water at a depth of about 12 meters. And it was also a “way of life” to besieged Leningrad.
Crimean bridge will play a role
Piping forces is not the first time help the Crimea. First conduit on the Peninsula was established in 2014 when Kiev “cut off” water from the canal.
From the last strip of 30 kilometers of field water main in November 2019. Then the water source was chosen Balanovsky reservoir Belogorsky district, which went for consumption of the village Perevalnoye and a separate brigade of coastal defense army corps of the black sea fleet.
The work was carried out by decision of the Minister of defence Sergei Shoigu after the appeal in his address the head of the Crimea Sergey Aksenov. Then the task of water had attracted more than 50 units of special military equipment and about 150 troops battalion SBM, stationed in the Stavropol region.
In General, the experience of the combat plumbers for fueling of the Crimea with water a solid. He’s likely to be used in a more global project – construction of a water main and gas pipeline, which will be held with mainland Russia through the Crimean bridge. This idea has previously been voiced.
According to the plans of the Russian government, Crimea, thanks to the construction of a bridge across the Kerch Strait, in addition to road and rail traffic and get more water and gas. This is one of the purposes of the Crimean bridge, the design of which allows you to run on it, including the pipelines.