Blame the loopholes in the law, experts say “RG”, which continue to decline not only areas for fans, but also the population of valuable fish. Relationships in inland waters lovers with a fishing rod and user of land for industrial fishing, which is carried out through networks, is not sufficiently regulated.

“During spawning, there is a ban on recreational fishing but not commercial fishing is prohibited, – said the Chairman of the Board “of the St. Petersburg club of fishermen” Tamara Ortikova. – This situation occurs on lake Ladoga. We proposed to adjust fishing regulations to fishers were also prohibited fishing during the spawning season”.

In the Murmansk region, these contradictions were even more serious. About 40 sites on the large reservoirs of the polar region given over to industrial fishing and designed new. Fishermen-fans access to be finalised, said Valery Irgashev, Chairman of the Board of Directors “Murmansk salmon”, created for the protection of salmon in the waters of the region. Part of the land for Proklova is on lake Imandra, one of the most popular in the Arctic among anglers. Their area – up to three hectares, and they are usually fully overlapped networks. And fishing regulations stated: it is impossible to catch a fishing rod at a distance of 200 meters from stationary fishing gear, including from the networks.

“I am categorically opposed to local fishing, because the network causing great damage to the ecosystems of lakes and rivers – continues Valery Irgashev. And if on inland waters of the Kola Peninsula will resume large-scale net fishing, its effects will be difficult to predict. Before establishing a commercial fishery, it is necessary to conduct wide public discussion of this issue.”

Director of the Lapland biosphere reserve Sergey Shestakov confirms that these effects can be really serious. “One of the projected areas on the Imandra lake covers the entrance to Guba Voce-Lambina continue into the river bottom Chung on the reserve, he said in his letter. – The second covers the entrance to the Monche-Guba. These sites are on the migratory path of major fish producers of trout and other species. This will jeopardize the existence of water and populations of trout and whitefish, which are already reduced. The proposed use of the Imandra lake for recreational fishing, and exclude the fishing grounds on the lake from the list of planned for consideration.”

once on the Imandra really carried out industrial fishing. The lake was famous for valuable species: Atlantic elk, trout, Arctic char, common whitefish, European whitefish and grayling. But even eighty years ago the stocks of aquatic bioresources of the lake was susubstantially undermined. And the damage is never compensated. Salmon numbers in the Imandra is reduced, and tendencies to its recovery there. Valuable fish species are increasingly replaced by pike, burbot and smelt.

Fishermen have collected 140 signatures against Proklova on the Imandra. In the end, the waters in the Islands to Whom, and Burning, and Monche-Guba managed to defend for Amateur fishing.

However, the threat of extinction of salmon and whitefish species of fish in the Imandra has not passed. So say experts of the Institute of industrial ecology problems of the North Kola science center Russian Academy of Sciences Petr Terent’ev and Nikolai Kashulin. The management system of water biological resources in the region is ineffective and needs revision. This can be said not only about Murmansk region.

This situation – on all inland waters where there is promlem. At the conclusion of the contracts for the leases do not provide for liability of users for the conservation and replenishment of fish stocks. This legislative gap needs to be urgently solved, insist scientists. Apparently, it is necessary to clearly prescribe the procedure of land allocation which regions should follow consideration of local particularities, so as not to pose a threat to biodiversity, as has happened in lake Imandra.

Victor Kurochkin, the Chairman of Subcommittee TPP of the Russian Federation on the development of the fishery complex of Russia:

the Breach in the land distribution (number, area covered the waters for industrial and sport fishing) are not uncommon. And these facts should be considered in territorial administration of Federal Agency for fishery of a particular region to restore the rule of law in each case.

an Illustrative example is the situation in the lake Imandra, where the public was able with the involvement of industry scientists and experts to defend in the Islands to Whom, and Burning, in Monche-Guba right to conduct recreational fishing, and exclude in protected areas fishery harvesting of aquatic biological resource.

Regarding the equal prohibition during spawning, fish for sport and commercial fisheries it should be noted that during spawning there is a ban on both Amateur and commercial fisheries, but not across the pond, but only on the spawning grounds. If we banned fishing during spawning, it would take the cod ROE, pike, pike-perch, salmon fish species, Pollock and so on?

For each fishery basin rules, which will determine the pace of withdrawal of aquatic biological resource, including spawning periods. For example, when the catching of anadromous fish species (salmon), the far Eastern basin there are certain days of the passage of fish into the rivers for spawning, which is prohibitedabout fishing in any form.

Now about networks. Historically, fishing has always been mostly networking, so to exclude them from circulation commercial fishery is not possible. Although it should be noted that often there is massive use of cheap Chinese of poaching networks in order that significantly undermines the stocks of valuable fish species. Also let me remind you that already banned drift-nets with a large vertical and horizontal opening in the waters of the pool was blocked by a mass approach more fish in the marine environment, long before its approach to the spawning.

the press service of the Agency noted that the issue of formation of land boundaries is in the competence of local authorities.