Omsk breeders bred new varieties of wheat color, which helps to boost immunity, to protect the person from diseases and viruses. And managed to reclaim the Wheatgrass to the level of perennial wheat. Planted once in seven years to harvest. Promising developments have been praised by “SKOLKOVO”.
“In the colored varieties Omsk scientists reflected the main trends of the world’s agricultural plant breeding, science and healthy eating. They are very interesting functional properties and may even contribute to the fight against coronavirus – said the expert of the Moscow school of management SKOLKOVO Nikolay Durmanov. – Methods for the treatment of this infection is associated with zinc ions which are transferred into the cell flavonoids, anthocyanins. Blue, purple and black OMSKOE Zerno distinguished by increased content of these essential components.”
Usually the person gets the anthocyanins from berries, fruits and vegetables. Studies prove that these substances quench free radicals the sources of many diseases. Thereby helping the body to resist infections and diseases. But the berries are seasonal products, and bread, the person on the table every day.
“a Different color of grains given three gene complementary (additional) actions. Purple grain anthocyanins located in the shell, so it is suitable for bread flour, the high content in dietary fibers which improves digestion,” – said in an interview with “Russian newspaper” doctor of agricultural Sciences, Professor, Department of agronomy, plant breeding and seed production, Omsk state agrarian University Vladimir Shamanin (in the photo he is holding samples of the same wheat – approx. ed.).
“the grain is blue, the scientist continues, – the useful substances are found inside the seed, and it is suitable for baking massive breads. Crossing purple paint with blue, received black. Anthocyanins in this grain even more. While color additives make a loaf of bread is not only healthier, but more fragrant and tastier. Besides, this bread does not get stale for a long time”.
Another popular direction is the replacement of annual grain crops to perennial. And since the traditional wheat almost exhausted its genetic potential of resistance, decided to uzelektroset to common weeds – couch grass.
“These cultures, though different grain size, but genetically close. For example, have equal number of chromosomes, – says Vladimir Shamanin. – We have managed six – fold to 12 grams is to increase the size of wild seed. This year a new variety – “Owl” – included in the State register in all regions of Russia. You can use it everywhere, where it grows Wheatgrass. Once you sow, seven years of harvest”.
From an economic point of view this is very advantageous because instead of the usual two ��of entero required for sowing one hectare of arable land, the Owls need just five kilograms.
besides the new grain instead of one gives the twenty-productive stems. Therefore, has a dual purpose. When the spike Matures, the stems are still green, and instead of straw, it turns out the real bread hay. And for every tonne of grain accounts for up to seven tons of quality forage for animals.
Studies have shown that the protein and calcium in the new grain for a quarter are higher than ordinary wheat, and folic acid, which improves vision, in wheat grass more than ten times.
read More in the next issue of “Russian newspaper”.
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