Support of eurosceptics has increased in the EU over the last 20 years twice

a New study has shown that the level of support of Euro-skeptics in Europe rose more than doubled over the last 20 years, although the support of the European Union at the same time remains at a record high, writes The Guardian.

a Sharp increase in the popularity of eurosceptic parties across the EU noted in research academic experts on populism and radicalism, who shared his work with the Guardian.

“the European leaders that support the process of EU integration, absolutely can not afford to sit idly by and be complacent, î said Mattis of Rodan, a political scientist from the University of Amsterdam, one of the leaders of the PopuList project. — Eurosceptic party very flourishing, and it is unlikely this will change in the near future.”

Euroscepticism is defined as a direct rejection of European political and economic integration, and as fierce opposition to remain part of the European Union, in addition, it is determined by the softer sentiments providing more qualified objections to certain aspects of the common European project.

the Study was published five weeks after the UK became the first country to voluntarily quit the EU, and this coincides with the commitment edition of the Guardian on deepening the lighting moods in Europe.

the Study shows that at the moment, since 1992, the first year, when every country is now an EU member, has conducted a free and fair election, the combined support of the European extreme right, extreme left and other eurosceptic parties increased from 15% to almost 35%.

After more or less the same period for more than ten years, support for euroscepticism has grown rapidly since 2005.

Mattis of Rogan attributed this increase mainly to a sharp eurosceptic turn taken by the Polish party “law and justice” (PiS), which considers itself “Christian Oplotm”.

the Researcher also noted a similar significant increase in the popularity of euroscepticism in Hungary, when Fidesz party — “Hungarian civic Union”, according to its leader Viktor Orban, was entirely on the side of euroscepticism.

the Third jump in support for euroscepticism has occurred in 2013 in Italy when began to grow in popularity “five star Movement”. The far-right and extreme-left euroscepticism in 2015, has achieved further success thanks to the growing popularity of Alternative für Deutschland in Germany and Podemos in Spain.

Rodan suggested that these four distinct waves of growth of eurosceptic success in the elections can be associated with the EU enlargement to the East in 2004 and the referendums in France and Holland of 2005 on the proposed EU Constitution; the Eurozone crisis of 2010; and the immigration crisis of 2015 and a referendum on Brexit in the UK in 2016.

“These new data show that the growth of the electoral success of these parties is steeper than previously thought, said Rhodan. — It’s amazing, because it means that today more than one out of every three Europeans vote for a party that criticizes the EU”.

However the success of eurosceptics “only partly due to their actual euroscepticism”, said Rogan. “Almost all of them the problem of European unification is only of secondary or even tertiary importance. Their election success is due primarily to their position on other issues,” — said the researcher.

He gave the example of the eurosceptic far-right parties which make up about half of all parties who are classified as eurosceptics. “These parties are primarily focused on the immigration issue, said Rhodan. — Therefore, although the EU plays an important role for them and their voters, it is not their main problem.”

the Eurobarometer survey conducted by the European parliamentom last year, 68% of respondents believe that the EU as a whole has benefited from the fact that they have become part of the EU, which is the highest level since 1983, while 61% believe that membership of their country in the unit is good, whereas previously such values were recorded only after the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989.