The white book of the Federal government in 2016, called epidemics, and pandemics as one of ten security challenges, because they have the Potential to overwhelm government health care structures, particularly health systems – and eventually lead to a collapse.

the Background is that we have to do it since the 1980s, with a “return of modern diseases” to. In the years before, they had believed that infectious diseases would be eradicated due to medical progress and improved hygiene successively and in a controlled manner. The opposite was the case. To the Person:

Daniela Braun is a consultant for Foreign and security policy at the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung in Berlin.

led to a wild animal is deemed to be a hotbed of the Virus

The high adaptability of organisms to external circumstances and various Megatrends, such as globalisation, have a return of pandemics and epidemics. The enormous increase in mobility of people and Goods in the world, rapid population growth, increasing urbanization, and the progressive destruction of the environment, have missed the spread of infectious diseases a huge speed boost and its geographic spread increased immensely.

During the bubonic plague in the 14th century. Century took three years to move from the South to the North of Europe, people can – and, indeed, pathogens reach every point of the earth within 36 hours. Megacities like Wuhan, where millions of people live crowded together, provide a reservoir of infection, a near-perfect Spread. In the face of environmental destruction is also the danger of so-called zoonoses, diseases that are transmitted from the animal Kingdom to humans is on the rise. So Covid-19 of animals comes from, and was probably transmitted starting from a wild animal market in Wuhan, where exotic animals and the people crowded tight, to the people.

the military often strongly pandemics affected

but It’s not just the increased likelihood of epidemics in a globalized world, but in particular the dangers to security and stability posed by these disruptive health crises.

The effect of correlation between health and safety is on different levels. The armed forces in history were often affected disproportionately by pandemics. It had to do with the circumstances in which members of the military – were especially in war situations – such as inadequate sanitary facilities, or low physical distance in the barracks.

The disproportionate number of Infected military personnel has led to the ability of the Individual and the units and associations was compromised or decreased. Also Covid-19 relates not only to the civil societies, of course, the armed forces. In the case of the Bundeswehr, which is affected in Germany due to infection, it is, in particular, the foreign operations can be affected by Covid-19. So, all the soldiers were deducted in Iraq, which are involved in the training mission. From Afghanistan, Bundeswehr should remove members that are no longer needed, sooner.

stability and safety

on The other, the serious socio-endanger economic impact of epidemics of national or regional stability and security. First of all, there are the health systems, by a sudden high number of Infected under a lot of Stress, such as Covid-19 in Wuhan, or the North of Italy has already illustrated. By rising numbers of dead and the Suffering of the Sick and their families, and to the caring medical staff is increasing the fear and uncertainty in the population as a whole.

in addition to the health care system there is also the economy that is greatly affected. Through Disease losses or through closures, trade restrictions, the crash of the financial markets, the slump in the global tourism, and the disruption of global supply chains is weakened, the economic productivity is enormous. In addition to the Worry about Ill, and the mourning for the dead economic existence add to this the worry and hardships, and fear of supply bottlenecks in the population.

  • All of the new findings of the Coronavirus in the News-Ticker at FOCUS Online.

trust in government contributes to a more rapid virus containment

in Addition, the state imposed in the Wake of the containment of epidemics is usually a far-reaching quarantine and isolation, locking measures and / or the source and the Contact, which engage partially with fundamental rights. In consequence of this situation, it can also lead to riots, looting or rioting. During the current Covid-19-pandemic continue to be major unrest. But developments such as reports of looting of Italian supermarkets, for example, in Sicily, there is a growing need for protection of hospitals and grocery stores, or the increase of weapons sales in the USA indicate a possible potential for conflict.

Especially in countries that are already longer affected by Wars and conflicts, and who have only weak or rudimentary health systems and fragile state structures, the consequences can be the Covid-19-pandemic, for the stability of devastating. In addition to the weak or lack of structural capacity, it is particularly the lack of confidence of the population in their governments in countries such as Venezuela, Libya, Yemen and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which could make containment of the epidemic so difficult.

We are only at the beginning of the pandemic, and Lessons would surely be premature. But disruptive health crises, security and stability in the world can affect the Covid-19-pandemic already showing. “Hard but fair”: the infectiology login doubts other large-scale events of 2020, FOCUS Online/Wochit “Hard but fair”: the infectiology login doubts other large-scale events, 2020