Drivers of change in the current industrial revolution, according to polls of technology leaders, steel processing and analysis of big data (big data), computer modeling of industrial designs on the basis of high-speed computing, artificial intelligence (AI), robotics and three-dimensional printing as a type of additive manufacturing.”Modern design methods in the industry increase the need for highly accurate quantitative modeling. Created complex models that describe not one aspect of an object (e.g., aerodynamics), and the whole complex of properties of a new product. To do this, the design office needs powerful computational resources, because all geometrical, physical parameters and other properties can be calculated and optimized on supercomputers”, — said General Director of RSC group, Alexander Moscow.Numerical modelling and computer testing of a new product, he said, to ensure that the product will be able to show the specified characteristics, without resorting to full-scale tests, which are often expensive, time consuming or simply impossible. Therefore Aviamotornaya, automotive and energy industries, other industries use supercomputers.”The intellectual development of society is impossible without widespread access to serious computing power — the expert believes smart Huawei Dmitry Popkov. Today in major countries and regions, the amount of power per capita varies from 100 to 2500 GFlop/s (the number of operations with fractional numbers produced per second — Ed.) and in the stage of development of society, this figure must exceed 10 thousand GFlop/C. however, the intellectual world needs supercomputers and powerful IT technology, which will allow to process information many times faster and will open an infinite number of applications and data types. The variety of innovations will further stimulate the industry of computing and to provide her a new motive power”.By the way, Huawei is one of the world leaders in the field of computer calculations are presented in 2019, world’s fastest AI Ascend the processor 910 and the Atlas cluster 900, designed to accelerate the learning of artificial intelligence.
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“Artificial intelligence fundamentally changes the technology used in various industries, and to achieve a fundamentally new level of quality and technological process,” — said the head of Department of development of unmanned vehicles Cognitive Technologies Yuri Minkin.The production of “artificial brains” for unmanned vehicles are engaged in many technology brands. And it’s not just about transportation around the city or between cities and countries, but also of unmanned agricultural machinery.As said Minkin, the machine can cope with working under AI control based on neural networks deep learning. In the development of his company for enough one camera and advanced computer vision systems.In Russia, the technology uses a diverse range of agricultural enterprises of Belgorod and Rostov regions, Tatarstan. The number of users and the Tomsk region with a harsh climate and complex geometry fields. And farmers in the Kurgan region was put in last year’s record harvest with the use of “smart” technology.Despite the fact that many of the media like to illustrate the news about oil production photographs “rocking”, they are long gone. Modern deposits is a high — tech production with the most automated processes.Externally, the field looks like a big network of pipelines with multiple shops where, too — pipes and appliances. Even the ground part of the wells — it’s just an area with pipes, couplings, valves…Oil rises from the ground, cleaned, transported automation. Some processes, including the separation of crude petroleum into fractions, control artificial intelligence. And all this followed one or a couple of operators at the computers. Similarly, look and gas fields.In the extraction of solid minerals, which is conducted in the mines, is also widely used in modern automated systems. So, in the atmosphere of coal mining in the mine, to travel for miners and equipment, lifting of coal in their custody and operators of the computers on earth. However, miners and partly replace harvesters that can “gnaw” from the reservoir rock faster and more efficiently.
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The widespread introduction of advanced production technologies opens the way for the creation in our country, “factories of the future”. This project started in 2017, when the Presidium of the Council under RF President on economy modernization and innovative development of Russia approved the road map “Tekhnet” National technology initiative. This process involves dozens of companies and corporations, universities, small and medium business.The stages of development of the project “digital factory, smart factory” and “virtual factory”. The first “digital factory”, open on the base of computer engineering and the Institute of advanced manufacturing technology SPbSPU named after Peter the Great, all the technological��cal processes from design to virtual testing of the product — place in the “figure”.”Smart factory” will work at all without people. Their prototype are multifunctional machining centers on the basis of robotic systems and additive technologies (3D printing) has already been widely spread in construction, metallurgy, power engineering, instrumentation, aviation, aerospace and nuclear industries.”Virtual factory” — a distributed network of “digital” and “smart factories” — will be able to line up in the production chain with the help of the industrial Internet from any geographical point and to optimize the production cycles.”Factories of the future”, according to Alexey Borovkov, Vice-rector for perspective projects of SPbSPU named after Peter the Great, will allow to produce up to 10 times better, cheaper and faster than it is done today in traditional industries.To deploy them in Russia covering all industries high-tech industries and all markets are planned by 2035.
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Total world data to digital, according to analysts, will grow exponentially from 16 zettabytes (1 zettabytes — 1021, that is, the Zeta-flop bytes) in 2016 to 163 zettabytes in 2025-m. Moreover, the share of industry and other sectors of the economy in this volume will increase in the coming years, up to 60% (in 2015, they generated 30% of all data users PC and gadgets — 70%).The ever-increasing flow of information being processed requires high speed data transmission. And they have become a reality thanks to the introduction of network technology 5G — mobile communications of new generation. From its predecessor, 4G technology, its advantages are speed, reaching the peak up to 35 Gbps, high bandwidth rising bandwidth and low latency, and low power consumption.The commercial launch of 5G networks has begun in the end of 2018 in South Korea. Today the leaders in this direction are, in addition to South Korea, the UK, Germany and USA, where the deployment is particularly intense. This cannot be said about Switzerland and Finland, but these countries are actively involved in the development of 5G. By the end of 2019, according to Global mobile suppliers Association (GSA), the intention to deploy 5G network announced 62 operator from 34 countries, including Russia. While 41 of them — two-thirds of the total number — is supported by Huawei.”Active development of digital technologies has a significant impact on all spheres of activity. Every industry is experiencing a digital revolution that is forcing companies to transform business models and implement innovative technology — stories��al expert of Huawei Dmitry Popkov. — The direction of intelligent computing and its supporting equipment only is formed”.In this regard, he recalled that Huawei already has a huge experience in this area and considers the development of the ecosystem AI — from the microprocessor to algorithms, intelligent computing, and training and education in this area is the main driver for change in traditional industries.”For example, some time ago the company presented the fastest in the world AI-cluster Atlas Huawei 900. It consists of thousands of high-speed processors, which allows much faster to train the model AI using images and speech, it is more efficient to conduct astronomical research and the search for oil reserves, predict the weather, and also accelerate the bringing to market of solutions for Autonomous driving,” — said the expert.Today, according to him, everywhere we are seeing a clear increase in the digitization. Are in particular need of health, education, Finance, and industry of entertainment. But what about tomorrow?”In the long term, the explosive growth of demand for digital solutions and innovation will be a catalyst for development “contact-free economy” — a new economic model based on 5G, AI and cloud services,” — said Popkov.So, the new economic model, about which so much talk could be “proximity economy”. But even without it, man can not do. It opens up new markets, which will need experts in different fields, brings to life a new profession. Anyway, artificial intelligence and automated systems are not born by themselves: they create people. It was from him depends on the further progress that ultimately works for his own benefit.