on December 31 in Moscow will be a memorial plaque to the heroes of the Soviet Union Nikolai Rukavishnikov, Vladimir Kokkinaki, Vladimir Alkhimov, Ivan Capova and Victor Yudin. The decree was signed by mayor Sergei Sobyanin.
a plaque in memory of Nikolay Rukavishnikov (1932-2002) will be installed at: Khovanskaya ulitsa, building 3.
Nikolai Rukavishnikov in 1957 he graduated from the faculty of electronic computing devices and means of automation MIFI and got the qualification of engineer-physicist, specialty “dielectrics and semiconductors”. Worked at special design Bureau No. 1 (OKB-1) under the leadership of Sergei Korolev. Now this institution is called Rocket and space Corporation Energia after S. P. Korolev.
From July 1957 worked on one of the first Soviet computers of the computer “Ural”. Also designed, developed and installed a system of automatic control of nuclear reactors and helped them with testing and protection. In October 1964 he became head of group of development of systems for monitoring and control of space vehicles with the use of computers.
In 1967 he was enlisted in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts. He passed a full course of flight training on ships of type “the Union” and orbital stations of the Salyut type. Part of a group of astronauts who were trained under Soviet programs fly around the moon on Soyuz spacecraft (7K-L1) and landing her space ship L3.
Nikolai Rukavishnikov made three flights into space flown nine days, 21 hours, 10 minutes and 35 seconds.
the First flight took place on 23-25 April 1971. Nikolai Rukavishnikov was the first test engineer of spacecraft “Soyuz-10”. After the flight was first produced night landing of the spacecraft.
the Second flight of 2-8 Dec 1974. Nikolai Rukavishnikov flew as a flight engineer of spacecraft “Soyuz-16”. In flight tests were carried out on the docking station created by the program “Soyuz” — “Apollo”.
from 10 to 12 April 1979 — third flight (Soviet-Bulgarian). Nikolai Rukavishnikov — the commander of the ship “Soyuz-33”. During rendezvous with the station “Salyut-6” in 16 kilometers away, the ship experienced a spontaneous shutdown of the engines. As a result, the Nikolai Rukavishnikov first time in history, landed a spacecraft on the Ground manually in emergency mode.
For the first two flight of Nikolay Rukavishnikov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and the third the title hero of the people’s Republic of Bulgaria.
After retiring from the cosmonaut corps, he worked as Deputy head of Department, NPO “Energy”. Led the Federation of cosmonautics of the USSR and Russia for almost 20 years: from 1981 to 1999. In 1999 was elected honorary President of the Federation. Died in Moscow on 19 October 2002.
a plaque in memory of Vladimir Kokkinaki (1904-1985) will be set��cover ed by the address: the Leningrad prospectus, the house 50.
Vladimir Kokkinaki in 1928 he graduated from the Leningrad military-theoretical school air force, and in 1930 — Borisoglebsk military aviation school pilots. He served in line units the air force of the Moscow military district. In April — December 1931 working as an instructor pilot from the Leningrad military-theoretical school air force.
20 APR 1936 Vladimir Kokkinaki first time in the world to perform a loop the loop on a heavy twin-engine bomber TSKB-30.
27-28 June 1938, on the plane TSKB-30 “Moskva” with co Alexander Brandisky he flew nonstop from Moscow to Spassk-Dalny in Primorsky Krai. Its length is 7580 miles. Flight lasted 24 hours and 36 minutes. Set a record speed on the twin plane and simultaneously build a new shortest path from Moscow to the shores of the Pacific ocean. For this flight Vladimir Kokkinaki was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
on April 28-29, 1939 on the plane TSKB-30 “Moskva” with the Navigator Mikhail Gordienko he flew nonstop from Moscow to the island Miscou in Canada length of eight thousand kilometers.
During the great Patriotic war he supervised the testing of new aircraft.
In 1957 Vladimir Kokkinaki was awarded second title Hero of the Soviet Union.
January 2, 1963, the crew under the command of Vladimir Kokkinaki made the first test flight on the aircraft Il-62.
In 1965 the international air transport Association awarded the Vladimir Kokkinaki diamond necklace “Chain pioneer of wind rose” for the aviation finding the shortest route between Europe and America.
Vladimir Kokkinaki owns 20 world records.
In the 1960s he was Vice-President and President of the International aeronautical Federation, 1968 — honorary President.
Knight of six orders of Lenin, three orders of the red banner, order of Patriotic war I and II degree, the four orders of the red Star, order of the October Revolution, honored test pilot of the USSR, honored master of sports of the USSR, laureate of the Lenin prize.
he Died in Moscow on 7 January 1985. The name of Vladimir Kokkinaki is a street in the capital’s Airport, located between the street on March 8 and planet street.
a Memorial plaque in memory of Vladimir Alhimov (1919-1993) will be installed at the address: Frunzenskaya Naberezhnaya 50
Vladimir alhimov from 1935 to 1938 he studied at the Smolensk financial and economic College, specialty “the inspector of the state budget”. In 1938, as the student was sent for training at the Leningrad financial-economic Institute.
In June 1941 he volunteered to the front. He graduated from artcile. He fought on the Leningrad, Western Europe��nom and 3rd Belorussian fronts.
August 7, 1944, Vladimir alhimov in the rank of guards Lieutenant distinguished himself in the battle for the village dead ends in Lithuania. In repelling counterattacks 35 tanks, followed by infantry, he being the spotter of fire, caused the fire division itself. Six tanks were hit, others were unable to break through the barrage and turned back.
In 1945 for courage and heroism shown in fights with fascist aggressors, Vladimir Alkhimov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
Participated in the Russo-Japanese war in 1945. In November 1946, he was demobilized from the Soviet army and returned to College, graduating next year.
From 1947 to 1950 he was a student of the all-Union Academy of foreign trade, he defended his thesis on British banks and became a candidate of economic Sciences.
More than 20 years working in the Ministry of foreign trade. From 1976 to 1986 he worked as the Chairman of the Board of the USSR state Bank.
the Gentleman of two orders of the Patriotic war I degree, order of the red Star, three orders of Lenin, order of the red banner, order of “badge of Honor”, honorary citizen of Smolensk.
he Died in Moscow on 9 January 1993.
a plaque in memory of Ivan Capoue (1922-2011) will be installed at the address: Large Georgian street, house 39.
Ivan DACs graduated from the Serpukhov military aviation pilot school and then served in naval aviation. From June 1941 fought in the air forces of the Baltic fleet.
Participated in the defense of the Baltic States and Leningrad, the breakthrough of the blockade of Leningrad and Vyborg operation. During the war he made 543 sorties on fighter I-15 bis And I-153, LaGG-3 and La-5 in the aerial battles personally shot down and in a group of more than 20 enemy aircraft.
In 1944 for courage and heroism shown in fights with fascist aggressors, Ivan Capova was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
In January 1945, he graduated from the Higher officer training naval air force. In may 1945 assistant commander of the fighter wing of the air force Pacific fleet.
Ivan DACs participated in the Russo-Japanese war in 1945, as assistant commander of the 38th fighter aviation regiment of the naval air force for flight training and a dogfight. Participated in Seisenshi operation. Made three sorties on fighter La-7.
After 1945 continued to serve in naval aviation. In 1960 he graduated from the Military Academy of the General staff. Then he served in the air defense forces. October 1985 — in stock.
the order of Lenin, four orders of the red banner, order of Alexander Nevsky, two orders of Patriotic war I degree, order of the red Star, order “For service to Motherland in the USSR Armed forces” III degree.
Died in Moscow on 24 April 2011.
Memorial�� plaque in memory of Victor Yudin (1923-1985) will be installed at: street Ostrovitjanova, the house 39.
Victor Yudin came to the front in September 1941.
from 18 to 21 April 1945, Viktor Yudin in the rank of Lieutenant he distinguished himself in battle during the crossing of the Oder river in the area of Greifenhagen (now the Polish city of Lublin). After crossing the river the company under his command, seized a bridgehead, repelling counterattacks.
Roth Victor Yudin was part of the 194 th infantry regiment, 162nd infantry division, 70th army of the 2nd Belorussian front.
In 1945 for exemplary performance of fighting tasks of command at the front struggle with German-fascist invaders and displaying courage and heroism of the Victor Yudin was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
the order of Lenin, order of the red banner, two orders of Patriotic war I degree.
After the war he worked on the restoration of the Dnieper. In 1950 he graduated from the High school all-Union Central Council of trade unions. Worked on Union and financial work.
he Died in Moscow on 22 November 1985.