the Study showed that the increase in temperature can cause particular damage in the poorest and hottest parts of the world, which will struggle to adapt to the unbearable climatic conditions. The least damage will be caused to the countries with cold and temperate climates, including Europe. Scientists predict that in countries such as Ghana, Bangladesh, Pakistan and the Sudan, the heat will die an average of 200 or more 100 thousand people. Meanwhile, in the colder, richer countries, such as Norway and Canada, the number of deaths decrease, since fewer people will die due to the lack of severe cold.

the Economic damage from the climate crisis and the cost of adaptation to temperature rise will be felt worldwide, including in rich countries. In scenarios with a high level of carbon dioxide emissions, where local governments will continue to make minor efforts to curb gases, heating the planet by the end of the century global mortality rates will be increased to 73 deaths per 100 thousand people. This almost corresponds to the current number of deaths from all infectious diseases, including tuberculosis, HIV/ AIDS, malaria, dengue and yellow fever. The study used a large-scale array of data received from 40 countries, about the relationship of mortality with increasing temperature. Meanwhile, the scientists took into account not only the direct causes of death such as heat stroke, but also less obvious relationships such as the surge in heart attacks during heat waves.

Amir Gin, economist for the environment at the University of Chicago and co-author of the study, explained that mortality from heat is very similar to the effects COVID-19, which primarily affects vulnerable people with underlying medical conditions. “If you have heart problems, and some days you are suffering from the heat, then the temperature rise will contribute to the collapse of the body,” – said the expert. In recent years, a huge heat wave led to a rise in deaths in the US, Europe, Australia, India and other countries. Thus, in France, from the hot temperatures last summer died 1.5 thousand people. According to the Guardian, 2020 will be the hottest or second hottest in the entire history of observations, which corresponds to the long-term trend of increasing temperature.