According to the cupola, in criminal cases the production of military investigators, as a result of the investigation was discovered more than 360 people who avoided military service. Almost half of them – 173 of the fugitive, or 48 percent of the total number of wanted – you came to the military investigating authorities. The rest were detained by militiamen. Only during spring and autumn appeals in the last year of the search lists in the end, he struck out 205 servicemen.
In the best case of a fugitive arrest for up to six months or give up years of disciplinary battalion
Specify that it is not about the recruits, strongly deviating from the barracks, and the soldiers, the warrant officers and officers, for one reason or another escaped from the army. The vast majority of this list is the enlisted men of urgent service. But there contractors. Officers – just one.
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What motivates them in violation of the law and of the Oath, in each case investigators. They also show the status of the fugitives: someone written in the “samoborski”, some deserters. Explain the difference, because it affects the degree of punishment serviceman.
According to the criminal code of Russian Federation “sembolik” is different from a deserter that the latter escapes from the service or returned to a military unit, for example from holiday layoffs, voluntarily making that choice. He just does not want to serve and for the sake of it knowingly commits a crime.
“Sembolik” goes from the barracks for him for good reason. And there is no there is not a very long time, usually from two days to a month or slightly more. Say, whatever happened to the soldier in the getaway. And when came to, realized it was high time returnSya in the home company. So he goes there to confess his head.
Sometimes, such a warrior in the sense of cause police or military police . At a signal from the military unit, where he troubled by the absence of soldier and sent to his home a request that they come to leave home and figure out why the fighter had not returned.
Another common case: the soldier did not wait for his girlfriend, found a new admirer. The idea is that the soldier would turn to the commander to explain the situation. You see, he would go to meet – allow the slave some time to go home. And soldiers instead ripped without permission from the army to deal with a competitor. And the result scored on their neck serious problems.
All of these, unfortunately, are quite life situations do not exempt the soldier from punishment. For them, the fugitive, the missing in part without valid reason for more than two days at best face arrest for up to six months or a year of disciplinary battalion.
And the maximum punishment prescribed by article 337 of the criminal code “Unauthorized leaving of part or duty station” – up to 5 years imprisonment. Such a verdict can stand if the escaped soldier is not shown in the home company, battery or ship more than a month.
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Deserters are punished harder. The least that he could face 7 years of imprisonment. But if the soldier deserted the army a weapon or acting in collusion with other soldiers for it under article 338 of the criminal code generally, you can receive up to 10 years in prison.
of Course, such punishment can take the deserter, when he did not use his gun. That is not to commit even more serious crimes. Had the fugitive still shoot, God forbid, UBIl someone from commanders, fellow officers or civilians – will throw us in jail for the rest of their days. However, for “samovolshchik” and deserters, the law provides for the exemption from criminal liability. This happens if the soldier was first run as part of, and the reason was a confluence of difficult circumstances.
For example, before leaving the company of soldiers constantly subjected to bullying colleagues or individual commanders, most – experienced soldiers: the notorious hazing finally in the army and did not become obsolete. And yet – if leaving the service was due to a severe illness of a close relative, etc. Such circumstances the court will consider, and with appropriate evidence base will release the soldier from punishment.
Military investigators are trying to keep military personnel and their families about all these legal nuances. And this gives the result. According to the military investigation Central Board, last year the total number wanted for evasion of service decreased by 10.2 percent. And in some military formations, in particular the black sea fleet of the Russian Federation, to the end of 2019 “samovolshchik” and deserters don’t have any.