During pregnancy skin can occur different changes: it can become overly dry, very sensitive, in some cases there is melasma (brown spots) or cystic pimples. All this is due to hormones. Along with experts understand how to care for your skin at this particular period.

the Skin during pregnancy is changing under the influence of hormones, in particular due to the rising levels of estrogen and progesterone. How to care for, we talked to the experts.

What you first need to delete?

There are many cosmetic ingredients which can directly affect the health of fetus

— said the doctor of medical Sciences Dandy Engelman of new York.

She advises patients to pay attention to formaldehyde (contained in tools for straightening hair, nail and eyelashes), hexahydrate aluminum chloride (found in some antiperspirants) and DHA (in yourself). Parabens, artificial fragrances, sodium Laureth sulfate also be beauty products not be.

Experts advise not to use products aimed at acne treatment: generally, they all contain retinoids, which are contraindicated in pregnancy. In any case, about your position you must inform the dermatologist.

Also, you should carefully examine the composition’s skin care: it is not whether it contains retinol, salicylic acid or vitamin A. of Course, the concentration of these substances in creams is negligible to have a negative impact on the fetus, but still it is recommended to abandon them during pregnancy.

Other common ingredients that should be avoided is benzoylperoxide and hydroquinone.

I would not recommend to resort to cosmetic procedures, causing a painful reaction says Yulia gallyamova, MD, Professor, Department of dermatology and venereology and cosmetology of FGOU DPO “Russian medical Academy of continuous education”.

the Makeup that you choose should address these specific problems and to be safe for you and your child. Care products for face and body must not contain dyes, high concentrations of biostimulants, harsh preservatives or fragrances, embriotoksicskih components says Sofia Bigvava, chief physician of the clinic Bellefontaine.

Also worth to wait with the Solarium, it is better to tan under the natural sun in the “right watch”, using photoprotection.

Lovers peels I would also advise in pregnancy to give them up, and the question here is not about harm, but about those pigmented lesions that occur during pregnancy. Everyone knows the “pregnancy mask”: passit after childbirth, and specifically to remove it during pregnancy is not necessary, as it is possible to cause the reverse reaction — the expert adds.

what about treatment?

Often, pregnant women having small injuries, which do not heal, can become inflamed and even develop scars. Therefore, all procedures should be as sparing says Nina Antipova, doctor — obstetrician-gynaecologist Institute for reproductive medicine Remedi.

Hair removal. Laser is better to postpone: it can lead to hyperpigmentation because of the peculiarities of pregnancy and the safety for the fetus has not been proven.

Alternative: one-time sparing procedure to shave or wax.

— the Peeling, seriously affect the skin — deep and medium. In fact, it’s a chemical burn, significantly damaging the skin, which is harmful to pregnant women.

Alternative: surface — milk (with lactic acid) or glycolic peels. Salicylic with caution.

— Botox and other drugs based on botulinum toxin. Experts explain that there is no clinical evidence that the use of Botox is unsafe during pregnancy or breast-feeding, but it is wise not to introduce the toxin to women in the state. The same rule applies with fillers. After all, with any medical intervention there is always a risk.

Fans of cupping massage, hardware, methods of treatment of cellulite need to abandon the procedures. You cannot use most of the acids, chemical sunscreens, do micro-needling and laser hair removal.

as for manicure and pedicure, there are no restrictions. Just make sure that the formula of the nail Polish no formaldehyde, toluene, dibutyl phthalate (DBP), formaldehyde resin and camphor.

How to care for skin during pregnancy?

a pregnant woman’s skin is always more sensitive, prone to pigmentation, the appearance of stretch marks, spider veins, itching and flaking.

With a rash on the skin very effectively fighting serum with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory extracts of witch hazel, green tea, chamomile. If you feel the need to use bleaching cream, it is important to remember that many bleach embryotoxic, and therefore can be dangerous. Choose drugs with brightening plant complex, — recommends Sofia Bigvava.

From the earliest days to do with preventing stretch marks, so-called stretch marks. Pink, red, or purple streaks usually appear on the chest, thighs, buttocks, stomach and any place where damaged collagen and elastin fibers of the skin.

the Most important rule — hydration. And this is important not only in terms of prevention of stretch marks (hydrated skin bor more elastic), but also to get rid of itching, which is often caused due to dryness of the skin. Give preference to natural oils and tools for body with light texture.

do Not contradict care and Spa treatments, but without an occlusive film and warming up, massage hand surface (in the early stages can LPG), at a later date you can own lightly massage the skin when applying moisturizer (massage shower brush to help).

Pregnancy can also cause changes in moles and spider veins, so it is important to consult a dermatologist and undergo examination of the skin.

“Mask of pregnancy”

Estrogens and progesterone enhance the work of the melanocytes, so during pregnancy can cause pigmentation of the skin, most often in open areas.

prevention should be regularly applied photoprotection with a high protection factor of SPF 50+. Typically, the “mask of pregnancy” disappear 3-6 months after birth. So active in the fight against pigmentation during pregnancy do not hold,

said David Sarkisov, doctor-dermatologist, cosmetician, member of EADV.

Chloasma or “the mask of the butterfly” is pigmented patches covering the forehead, nose, cheeks and chin. It appears due to the increase in melanin production in the skin layers. Women with darker or olive skin are more likely to suffer from chloasma.

During pregnancy, many hyperpigmentation. Although some want to use such ingredient is hydroquinone, to inhibit the formation of pigment, it is strongly recommended not to do so. There have been no studies evaluating its effect on the fetus. Instead, give preference to drugs with fruit enzymes, which act very gently.

pigmentation disorders in pregnant women caused by hormonal changes in the body. That is, the external manifestations on the skin are closely linked to global internal changes in the body. Therefore, for the correction of unwanted pigmentation in the first place need to consult with a doctor says the expert of the brand Edebloom.

There are General guidelines that can help not to provoke further enhance the pigmentation (or Vice versa, reducing pigmentation, if the skin tone is dark).

during pregnancy it is necessary with great care to use (and ideally eliminate) chemical (including acid) peels and scrubs with coarse abrasive. Any skin lesion (even a small scratch from abrasive) capable of developing into a pigment stain.

the Second step is not to expose the skin to excessive exposure to UV rays. The following restriction is also associated with exposure to ultraviolet radiation: the fact that there are a number of substances (including entering into the composition of cosmetic products), are photosensitizers, that is causing increased skin sensitivity to sunlight. The result of such interaction may be including pigmentation disorders.

Recognized photosensitizers among cosmetic raw materials are: a range of essential oils, including citrus fruits; retinol (vitamin A) and its derivatives, natural oils containing polyunsaturated fatty acids, says the expert of the brand Edebloom.

Even the use of perfume if it gets on exposed skin, can cause adverse reactions, especially under sunlight.

Hormonal acne

with regard to the fight against acne (acne), this phenomenon is also caused by hormonal changes. The hormones cause an increase in sebaceous glands and increase sebum production. And the excess of sebum together with dead skin cells clog pores, creating a favorable environment for reproduction of propionibacteria (live in normal on the skin) that leads to an inflammatory process in the skin. These often occur around the chin and cheeks.

Better not to use cleansers containing alcohol, because this can cause local skin dryness, peeling (violation of the integrity of the lipid barrier of the skin) and eventually damage and hyperpigmentation. It is better to use mild cleanser and then moisturizing compositions and cosmetic products containing prebiotics. They support the natural microflora of the skin. Look for products with a pH that matches the normal pH balance of the skin (from 4.0 to 7.0).

Some experts advise using products containing azelaic acid. It helps greatly reduce the appearance of acne and even out skin tone. Try a 10% suspension of azelaic acid. It must be applied once or twice daily after moisturizer with SPF.


Hormonal changes during pregnancy can increase the sensitivity of the skin (not only to the sun, but some foods that were previously used).

Abigail James, the famous London beauty therapist and author of Love Your Skin believes that this is the way to protect our body and fetus from infections and diseases. As in the case of acne, skin diseases such as eczema and rosacea can also worsen.

in Addition to mineral SPF broad-spectrum, once a week, use a soothing mask is free of fragrances and parabens. Make sure your cleanser is mild and not contain irritating substances.


During pregnancy, blood volume can almost double (instead of 4 000 ml of blood in the body circulates 5 300-5 500 ml), FRand the redness and strong blush. Claire Barrett, an expert on skin care, mother & baby brand Bloom and Blossom, says that all the matter in the tiny blood vessels on the face. Heat plus hypersensitivity can also trigger rosacea.

Dry skin

while in some women the skin becomes oily, in others it is dry. There’s no secret solution: moisturize, moisturize and again moisturize. The best time for this is when the skin is still warm and slightly damp after a shower. Most of the tools work the same way, holding moisture within the cells and limiting the loss of water by evaporation.

Special attention should be paid to red, itchy areas. Do not take a hot shower for too long and try not to wear clothes made of synthetics. Do not put the heater on before bed, it can also exacerbate the symptoms of eczema. The best way to avoid outbreaks of eczema in the first place to maintain the integrity and moisture level of the skin.