On 92-m to year of life died an Italian composer Ennio Morricone, who wrote music for more than 500 films.Ennio Morricone was born in 1928 in the family of the Roman jazz trumpeter and chose the trumpet as his first musical profession. He also received diplomas in specialty “arrangement” and “classical composition”. At the age of 8 years old he met at school with a boy named Sergio Leone, later Director and a long-term partner Morricone. But before focusing on the music for the cinema, Morricone made arrangements for Mario Lanza, Charles Aznavour, Paul Anka and theatre Director Luciano Salce. Salice invited Morricone to write the music for the film “Fascist leader” (1961) — this was the debut Morricone the film music. The next tape was the first film of Sergio Leone “dollar trilogy” with Clint Eastwood “a fistful of dollars” (1964).The film not only made a fashionable genre of the spaghetti Western, but set a new standard for the soundtrack of the movie about the Wild West. In the classic westerns of John Ford, the Studio used a full orchestra. At the same melodies written for the films of Leone, instantly became a classic, and, for example, the band Metallica is still starting his concerts with the theme from the movie “the Good, the bad and the ugly” (1966).In total, Ennio Morricone wrote the music for the 8 films of Sergio Leone, this is less than for Mauro Bolognini (15), Alberto Negrin (13) and Giuseppe Tornatore (13), but the Association with cinematic style Leone music his classmate is the most powerful. A screen image firmly associated with the music of Morricone is, without a doubt, Clint Eastwood. It Eastwood, actor, Director and composer, presented in 2007, Morricone’s first Oscar “for the contribution to the art of creating music for film.” However, for the domestic audience on-screen incarnation of the music Morricone rather Jean-Paul Belmondo, and the theme Morricone “Chi Mai” from Le Professionnel (1981) by Georges Lautner — the most recognizable of the tunes of the composer in the post-Soviet territories.For nearly 60 years, Ennio Morricone has been one of the most sought after film composers. Music, Ennio Morricone sounds in six of his films. Among the Directors-stars resort to the services of the Maestro, was also Sergio’s Corbucci, Pierre Paolo Pazolini, Carlo Lidzani, Sergio Sollima, Bernardo Bertolucci, Damiano Damiani, Brian De Palma, Oliver stone, Roman Polanski and others In the vast record of Ennio Morricone is, and work with the Russian cinematographers. Ennio Morricone wrote the music for the film by Vladimir Khotinenko “72 meters” (2004). The composer said in an interview “Kommersant”: “What I liked best in “72 meters”, so it is an optimistic ending, full of hope that after all the divers who remained in the depths of the sea, will be able to find SP��rescue that he only got to the shore the diver, working its way along the ground, similar to another world, will be able to save them. I also appreciated the ability of the Director to relieve the tragic atmosphere of the catastrophe of light humor”. With a Russian theme Morricone faced as ekraniziruya in 1972, “the Master and Margarita” with the Serbian Director Alexander Petrovich and making with Giuseppe Tornatore “cinema” — a film that was never released.In the twenty-first century, Morricone worked on five or six soundtracks a year, and could concentrate on writing. Nevertheless, he continued to tour, conducting orchestras around the world. Repeatedly performed in Russia. The last time he conducted in Moscow in 2018, on the eve of his 90th birthday. And probably would have continued working if not for an unfortunate fall and fractured femur.Boris Barabanov