the Epidemic has identified the pain points of government policy. First, migrants are a potential threat of rising violence, second — in conditions of uncertainty they will be the main competitors of citizens on the labour market.
According to political scientist Ilya Graschenkova, soon no place of work will be from 5 to 50 million Russians who are to survive will need at least some earnings. People will come out of your comfort zone very quickly and will be ready to change their place of middle managers in the Builder of the driver or even the janitor. But we know that today many of the areas usurped by the diasporas – in particular the work of the janitors.
Recently, our colleague tried to get to clean up the yard — wrote a letter to the management company. Promorail the young person, the managers turned him down — say, staff is fully completed. However, as it turned out, the state was filled to 60% — waiting for “their”.
According to the report of the Moscow Bureau for human rights pandemic coronavirus everywhere has exacerbated problems such as ethnic relations and migration processes. In different countries the rise of xenophobic attitudes in terms of direct economic, political and social risks. On the Russian labour market with foreign workers has been a significant reduction in jobs, which in turn leads to an increase of the informal employment and increases the number of offences, shall entail the development of unsanitary conditions in the home, which is highly undesirable in the context of the pandemic.
“Pandemic coronavirus COVID-19, was born at the end of 2019 in China and spread by the spring of 2020 practically all over the world, became a test of strength of political and economic systems of both developed and developing countries, the report notes.
According to experts of Vnesheconombank of Russia, the real incomes of Russians by June can fall to 17.5%.
“Migrants care about the citizens of Russia, first, as a potential threat to the growth of violence, and secondly, as competitors in the labour market. Because soon without a job will be from 5 to 50 million Russians who are to survive will need at least some earnings, says analyst Ilya Graschenkov. — People will come out of comfort zone very quickly and will be ready to change their place of middle managers in the Builder of the driver or even the janitor. But we know that today, many areas simply usurped by the Diaspora, the same janitor to get will not work, as there work is organised on the principle of wages. in 15 thousand roubles, 7 thousand give “common Fund”, and the remaining 8 thousand — live. But, realizing that the Russian will not pay, they are simply not allowed in the well-established “collective”.
the Severity of the situation adds to the lack of a vaccine against coronavirus. At the estimates of the Deputy Director of the National research medical center of tuberculosis and infectious disease
diseases of Minzdrav of Russia Vladimir Chulanov, most likely, it will appear in Russia by the end of 2020. Mouth properties and possible mutations COVID-19 is not yet investigated fully. Many similar theses represent and scientists of the Western countries as well as experts from the world health organization. As a possible date for the appearance of the vaccine called 2021.
“Without a full vaccine to speak of a breakthrough in the fight against coronavirus is not possible, moreover, that it is impossible to exclude the second wave of infection (with the dates marked, as a rule, in the fall of 2020), — according to our experts. — According to “McKinsey”, the international consulting company specialized in solving problems related to strategic management, the lack of a vaccine potentially makes COVID-19 is more dangerous, in terms of mortality and speed of spread than the famous “Spanish flu” of 1918. In any
if the current health crisis is considered as the most difficult in the twenty-first century.
Meanwhile in the French social networks are gaining momentum conspiracy theories, some of which are based on the idea of class inequality. So, the Internet is advancing the theory that the coronavirus is easily treated with the existing drugs but the elite supposedly “allowed” him to apply for drug companies ‘ profits.
the Spread of coronavirus has caused bursts of sinophobia in Italy.
So in late January, the Director of the Conservatory of Santa Cecilia asked my students from China, Japan and South Korea to come to class only after the physician determines that in their homes is not a virus. He caused resentment among his colleagues. A similar case occurred in the music Institute in Como. There are students from China were asked to stay home for 14 days after they returned from China, where recently took place the celebration of the Chinese New year.
In March 2020 much discussion about racism in politics in connection with the pandemic provoked a statement by the President of the United States Donald trump about COVID-19 as a “Chinese virus”40. The head of the Federal Centers for control and disease prevention USA (CDC) Robert Redfield condemned the use of this expression to define a new coronavirus. According to him, it is wrong and harmful, leading to racist associations. Following this, foreign Ministry spokesman China Geng Shuang condemned any attempts to link the name of the new type of coronavirus with China.
He stressed that “the world health organization and the international community are certainly opposed to COVID-19 was associated with a territory or country”.
Intolerance has moved beyond rhetoric and media images. In Western countries, were recorded and attacks motivated by xenophobia.
the 23-year-old Chinese from Singapore Jonathan Mack was the victim of an attack in London. March 2, in his Facebook he told about the injury and the outbreak of racism associated with the coronavirus. A student reported that on one of the busiest streets of Oxford street, he was attacked by several people. The next day, Mack posted a picture, showing damage to the eye. “The guy who was going to hit me, said, “I don’t want your coronavirus in my country”.
20 Japanese fans at the beginning of March 2020 expelled from the football match of German Bundesliga team Leipzig because of fears that they are infected with coronavirus. Subsequently FC Leipzig acknowledged that employees of its security service made the unacceptable actions during the match against “Bayer” from Leverkusen. The club published on its website a statement apologizing for the incident. While reference was made to the need to test groups of people “from areas of potential risk” in accordance with the recommendations of the Institute Robert.
At the beginning of April 2020 European media company “Euroactiv” published data from a study conducted by the fundamental rights Agency of the European Union (FRA). It fixed the surge of incidents of racism against people, presumably with Chinese or Asian origin. The situation associated with the surge of coronavirus. In the report, the Agency notes that the crisis could have “profound implications” for human rights in the European Союзе45. The report provides the details of a public opinion poll in the Netherlands with the participation of 300 respondents (beginning April 2020) of Chinese origin, which showed that 49% of respondents experienced racism due to the new coronavirus. The media in Denmark, Finland and Estonia reported that persons of Asian descent have witnessed discrimination on the grounds of the pandemic. A group of students from the Polish University of Gdansk, verbally insulted the Chinese students because of the coronavirus. Also in Poland the staff of the wedding dress store refused to serve the two Asian customers. In Sweden reported the complaint to a restaurant that discriminated against people of Chinese origin.
Significant concerns about the mainstreaming of racist and xenophobic attitudes have been identified in Germany. According to statistics, in Germany in recent years has increased the number of crimes committed on racial grounds: in 2019, the police recorded 22 300 such incidents.
At the same time in Germany there were cases of non-political xenophobia. This, in particular, the failure of the doctor ��to Ekiti patient of Chinese origin who had no symptoms of coronavirus infection, but who has recently visited China.
Pandemic coronavirus intensified intolerance on a national basis in Poland. In early April, 2020 in the city of Lukov of the Lublin Voivodeship was a shocking attack on a citizen of Vietnam. 59-year-old woman was attacked by boys from 10 to 14 years. Racist outburst was recorded by the camera of external video surveillance. Children were thrown into the woman sticks, Frisbee and ice cream and yelling, using profanity, “You — coronavirus!”. However, this attitude has spread not only in relation to Asians, but a lot of neighbors of the Ukrainians. Thus, the ex-Deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Oleksiy Zhuravko has published complaints living in Poland compatriots on the nasty attitude of the locals to the “workers” (labour migrants) because of the situation with coronavirus.
In February and March 2020, there is evidence of harassment of people with Mongoloid appearance of northeast India (bordering Tibet and Myanmar) in the cities of Chennai, Pune and Hyderabad racist in the outbreak COVID-19. College students Kikori Mali, Delhi University, Institute of social Sciences Tata in Mumbai and other educational institutions of the country also complained of racist bullying, the reason for which was the spread of coronavirus infection. The villagers of Corona (Korauna) in district Sitapur (state Uttarpradesh) also complained of discrimination associated with similarity of name and a virus. Singer of Indian film Studio bollywood Meiyang Chang said on his Facebook page that during a morning walk in Mumbai by two men on a bike sped past him, shouting “crown”. They were not the only one who allowed myself racist remarks in his address.
Pandemic COVID-19 provoked a surge of xenophobia in Georgia. Bullied in social networks were not immigrants from Asian countries, and their compatriots — the ethnic Azerbaijanis. Total in the country, they are home to 230,000 people, representing about 6% of the population of Georgia. Additional sharpness of a situation adds that fact that Georgia was the first country in the Caucasus, where there was confirmed case of infection with the coronavirus, and the areas inhabited by Azerbaijanis (Marneuli, Bolnisi), have become the most complex of the sanitary-epidemiological point of view. If a state of emergency in the country was introduced on March 21, 2020, in the southern part of the country, which is densely populated by Azerbaijanis, two days were introduced with a special quarantine measures. All this is superimposed on the unresolved border dispute between Georgia and Azerbaijan about prinadlejit to note the increase of xenophobic sentiments in China. In mnog they were provoked by Western phobias and artificially heated conspiracy theories about man-made nature COVID-19, about the pandemic, triggered by China’s political leadership. However, the fact remains that since the beginning of April 2020 foreigners numorology races living in China, began reporting on social networks that they have suddenly appeared everyday problems. Moreover, the difficulties began in the most different spheres — from the purchase of products and the use of public transport (someone not allowed in the subway and buses) to search for housing, as to pass it they simply refused.
it all Started shortly after reports of imported cases of coronavirus infection. Chinese society decided that to blame the newcomers — that is, foreigners. In fact, the border for them has been closed since the end of March, and all who came before, must pass a two-week quarantine.
anti-immigrant rhetoric was marked by performances of a number of radical nationalist organization in social networks.
Migration and COVID-19.
In modern conditions delineated some of the problems — according to the authors of the report. — The first problem caused by the fact that in today’s context, on the Russian labour market with foreign workers has been a significant reduction in jobs. As a rule, labor migrants do not have any significant financial savings, allowing to survive the crisis, and they are forced to seek any job. As a consequence there has been a sharp increase in informal employment while dumping salary.
Unemployment and illegal employment, as a rule, contribute to increased crime, threats to public safety will lead to the development of unsanitary conditions in the home, which is highly undesirable in the context of the pandemic.
the Second problem stems from the fact that the majority of migrants during the height of the pandemic COVID-19 returned to their countries. Their exact number is still unknown, but this fact has significantly affected the economic performance of several countries in Central Asia.
the Third problem is that we can expect an additional number of labour migrants who have lost their jobs due to the economic impact of the epidemic at home. In this case, you need to understand that “postcoloniality” period, the citizens themselves will need in all jobs, including low wages. In this regard, the official Moscow is interested in the favorable forecasts for the recovery and development of economy of these countries. Otherwise, in addition to problems of the social order, Russia can be an additional challenge, as national and religious radicalization, which, as a rule, accompanied by poverty and disorder.
the Fourth problem can be described as a challenge in the field of security. There is evidence that among labour migrants remaining in terms of coronavirus without work, can develop the activity of the recruiters of terrorist cells. So, in Yekaterinburg, on 29 April 2020 were eliminated three strong supporters of the banned in Russia organization “Islamic state” (organization banned in Russia). This situation demonstrated that in a pandemic it is impossible to weaken the preventive work with those who focus on the propaganda of the recruiters.
No less serious (although not as overtly politicized) issue is the danger of the criminalization of migrant communities in the absence of earnings and accumulated cash. With the characteristic modus operandi of the criminals become attacks on individuals (to steal money, food), cottages and private estates, as well as ATMs.
Alexander Brod said that, despite problems, it seems that the government seriously raised the topic of migration. “There were several separate statements of Deputy Prime Minister Khusnullin and head of the Ministry Yakushev relative to total employment of migrants in the construction industry, disease prevention on construction sites. Yakushev went a little further and broadly outlined the growth of social tensions, citing the complaints of developers who stopped work due to coronavirus”, — he reminded.
After the introduction of restrictive measures in different countries of the world witnessed mass protests against quarantine. Speech unites the rejection of restrictive measures by the state. They see a threat to the economy, their social status.