last month, the government allocated 1.8 trillion rubles in the framework of the second package of anti-crisis measures. The first of the President’s instructions in connection with the coronavirus was sent to 300 billion rubles in mid-March. Just to support the economy and citizens on the backdrop of the spread of COVID-19, the authorities sent 2.1 trillion rubles. The government also calculated the cost of specific measures.
the First package of anti-crisis measures, adopted on 17 March, performed by 90%. The second package was adopted on April 16. For a week he performed at 30%, with full normative base for him to be ready by 30 April. Tell what measures are already in place, who and how can use them.
Among the first measures to support the business during a pandemic was a delay of six months for all taxes, except VAT, for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of the most affected industries. In addition, for SMEs, reduced insurance premiums doubled (from 30% to 15%). The only condition is that the salaries should be higher than one minimum wage. Therefore, the government encourages employers to pay employees wages above the minimum level. SMEs in Russia employ 20-25 million people. As calculated in the government, this measure will save business 285 billion by the end of 2020.
Entrepreneurs concerned with the obligation to pay the lease payments. The government decided to postpone payments for the lease of objects of state and municipal property by SMEs. As of April 1, rent to 22.5 thousand such objects. With the rental of commercial real estate will also help if will be introduced the mode of increased readiness. Companies from the affected sectors will delay the rent (except for residential premises) until 1 October. The debt can be paid over the years 2021-2022.
the List of affected industries is in a special government decree. This road, air transport, tourism, exhibition activities, hotels, entertainment and leisure, catering, domestic services, culture and sport, non-food retail, dental services. A total of 11 branches and 526 thousand enterprises. They involve of 5.3 million.
Lightweight and administrative burden on businesses. From mid-March limited to inspection by regulatory authorities, including tax and customs. Suspended more than 50 thousand scheduled inspections of SMEs in different areas, yet the same is canceled before the end of the year. It is not necessary to renew papers on economic activity: 15 types of licenses and permits will be rolled over automatically.
Special support measures prepared for individual industries. For example, the tourism industry developed a package of instructions. In particular, the tour operators, the government compensates ZATrata related to non-refundable fares for air travel in the composition of the tourist products.
in addition to the deferred taxes, the business temporarily released from the payment of loans.
the Body of the loan is frozen for six months, that is, the loan term is extended for 6 months. During this period the amount of interest payments divided equally between the banks, government and entrepreneur. The borrower can evenly pay interest for six months or postpone them in the body of the loan. So it is time to get rid of loan payments. The total delays amounted to more than 410 billion. Take advantage of the benefits can more than 500 thousand entrepreneurs.
the loans can be help for lost profits. First, the government offered interest-free loans to businesses for the payment of salaries. Secondly, the government expanded the program of concessional lending (low interest rates) for the needy companies. In order to prompt banks to provide such loans, they will be given guarantees from the state Corporation VEB to 75% of the entire loan amount. According to the government, the total amount of loans will reach about 350 billion rubles.
However, zero-credit support for employment is not limited. Small and medium enterprises of the affected branches of the state free of charge will help with the payment of salaries. Companies that will leave not less than 90% of employees, the government will allocate the grants in may and June: 12 130 rubles (one minimum wage) for each employee.
Those Russians who are fired or have been fired, will be paid the maximum unemployment benefit. Eligible to register with the employment service after March 1, citizens will receive benefits in the amount of 12 130 rubles during April, may and June.
the measure will Potentially affect more than 3.2 million people. In addition, families with children in April to June will be paid 3 thousand rubles for each child, if the parents were registered as unemployed.
“given the second package and possible additional support measures that are prepared, the amount of direct and indirect business support will increase to 4-7% of GDP”, – said the Deputy head of IATS of “Alpari” Natalia Milchakova.
She compared the measures to support the economy in Russia with approaches in other countries. “No country in the business of the state does not provide tax holidays to such an extent as in Russia, but in Germany for companies most affected by the crisis associated with the pandemic, it is possible, but this measure of support provided at the request of the enterprise and very point. Almost anywhere businesses SMEs do not have a deferment of loans, – said the expert, So that in this respect the government has taken prompt measures, and regulatory framework prepared fairly quicktro, how it was possible.” The analyst added that “in General, the measures seem effective,” but it is important that government support reached every affected company.
“Fiscal and tax incentives designed quickly and professionally. The current Prime Minister understands what a tax burden, what burden it placed on the business and how to act to push back the risks and threats for businesses – expressed opinion of the leading expert of Institute of modern development Nikita Maslennikov, – in addition, the visible psychological change in the interaction of government with business in comparison with previous crises. Improved quality of government communication with companies, the Central Bank and credit institutions. The Cabinet is an honest dialogue with the big four unions of entrepreneurs: TPP, RSPP, “Support of Russia” “Business Russia”. This interaction is a guarantee that when the end of the peak of coronaries, the economy will start to recover faster.”