A photo exhibition “Moscow Enterprises — to the Stars!” dedicated to the 65th anniversary of the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite has opened in Fili Park. She talks about the contribution of the capital’s industrialists to the conquest of space. The exhibition will last until April 30, 2022.
Scientists, engineers and designers develop and produce launch vehicles, upper stages, spacecraft, components, electronics and special paint for aircraft, mirrors for antennas, as well as food and clothing for astronauts.
The first artificial Earth satellite PS-1 (“Simplest Satellite-1”) was launched on October 4, 1957 from the Baikonur cosmodrome. In 92 days, it made 1,440 revolutions around the planet, flying about 60 million kilometers.
Scientists from many metropolitan enterprises worked on the design of the satellite. For example, at the Institute of Atomic Energy of the USSR Academy of Sciences under the leadership of I.V. Kurchatov (now the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”) we have created a special aluminum alloy. The All-Union Research Institute of Current Sources (now the Kvant Research and Production Enterprise) designed a 51—kilogram power supply unit, and the 885 Research Institute (now the Russian Space Systems Holding) designed radio equipment. Visitors of the photo exhibition will learn about this and much more, as well as get acquainted with archival photos.
The project was prepared with the support of the state corporation “Roscosmos”.
More information about the economic policy and property and land relations of Moscow can be found on the website economy.mos.ru .