in the 1960s, nuclear energy was seen as a power political salvation bringer. In Switzerland, even environmental organizations have called for the construction of nuclear power plants. Then Kaiseraugst came.
On the Tuesday after Easter in 1975, activists occupied a building site in Kaiseraugst AG. Here, near the city of Basel, wanted to build the electricity company, Motor-Columbus, a NUCLEAR power plant.
towers of the contention
The squatters were upset not about the risk associated with nuclear power. No – the Protest had would ruin its roots to two 115 Meter-high towers, which should cool the reactor and the lovely Rhine landscape.
The drive wide circles on the construction site – outside not only Left, but also bourgeois politicians and even the Right party of National action (now the Swiss Democrats). “At the end of the first line-up of the week, than 15’000 people in spite of lousy weather for the big demo on the site came, I was first clear which circles the occupation,” says musician and author Aernschd Born (69).
“The fear was always with us”
Born had been faced in 1974, after a concert for the first time with the nuclear issue. A concert visitor asked him if he would occur at Anti-NUCLEAR events. “At that time, I dealt first with nuclear power – and I realized: So what should not be built.” Because human error would have an impact in this technology, devastating. “The fear of an incident was from the beginning,” he explains.
With his “ballad vo” was Kaiseraugscht of the then 25-year-old singer-songwriter to the house singers of the tamper. He remembers, for example, the daily General assemblies: “The Marxists, the hay had definitely at a different stage than the middle-class squatters. They were only on one thing: that the Kaiseraugst must be prevented.”
Ritschard from threatened to resign
More than twelve weeks, waiting for the tamper and a state provoked almost crisis. The Aargau police was not prepared for the occupation, the Basel didn’t want to burn the Finger. The Federal Council discussed whether the army has to be offered against the occupiers, what SP Federal councillor Willi Ritschard (1918-1983) was threatened with the withdrawal. And so the soldiers remained in the barracks.
However, Subsequent demonstrations against the construction of the NUCLEAR power plant Gösgen were beaten by the police brutally. Once again, the state wanted to build 20 NUCLEAR power plant, do not rush left.
“Kaiseraugst a beacon”
was moved to The Kaiseraugst tamper, but as the winner of The NPP was sunk. “Kaiseraugst was a beacon: It has shown that ordinary citizens can politically move something”, so Born, still fighting today, against nuclear power.
Even a NUCLEAR advocates like the current SVP national councillor, Maximilian Reimann (76), was never on the construction site and to do with the Kaiseraugst opponents, nothing wanted, to say today that a third NUCLEAR power plant in the area of the Aare/Rhine “would have been too much of a Good thing”. “We are in the upper Fricktal large majority were behind the middle plant in Leibstadt. But Lust for another, we have not had.”
the rise of The Green
A demonstration at that time on the construction site, is the current Councillor Anita Fetz (62). “Kaiseraugst me politicized,” she says. “I was driven to this injustice: That a whole Region against a NUCLEAR power plant, the Federal Council wants to dureschtiere but over the heads of the people.” And so she went every day after school, not home, but to Kaiseraugst. First, politi you focused for the ultra-left Poch, and later joined the SP at the time, at first hesitantly, a nuclear-critical attitude.
in contrast to the Green. Already in the election campaign of 1978, the famous “nuclear power was? No, thank you!”-Sun on the choice of materials recalls Luzius Theiler (78). The Bernese, Great, Green says: “Our critical stance on the nuclear issue has certainly contributed to the recovery of the Greens.” Even if it had not been easy. “Who pointed out at the beginning of the 70s to the risks, was vilified as a conspiracy theorist.”
Basel against all the other
a stronghold of the opponents of NUCLEAR power plants in the Region Basel. In other country enjoyed parts of the new, seemingly inexhaustible source of energy with a lot of encouragement, how Aernschd Born recalls. When you distribute leaflets in other parts of the country, the opponents of NUCLEAR power plants, particularly a lack of understanding and hatred. “Radical nuclear power advocates met at a radical opponent,” he says.
The nuclear issue, radical. In 1979, there was even a bomb attack on the car of the “nuclear Pope”, Michael Kohn (93), head behind the NUCLEAR power plant Kaiseraugst. The next Time Kohn’m going to sit in it, decide, align the assassin through the media.
It was not at a stop. “The then young Director of the project factory, Ulrich Fischer, was a good colleague of mine from common Kanti-time in Aarau,” says SVP national councillor Reimann. “From him I got to hear some of what took place because of illegal and violent machinations in Kaiseraugst, even against him personally.”
the Pro-NUCLEAR Lobby mobilized
considered But also the Pro-NUCLEAR Lobby, a citizens ‘ militia for the protection of the plants. And joined – at the suggestion of the Bundesrat Ritschard – a large Pro-nuclear campaign.
for a Long time this was one of the best organized lobbies in the country, closely interwoven with politics and administration. Has used it her in the end little: in 2011, the Federal Council ushered in the nuclear phase-out. The Foundation stone laid Kaiseraugst.